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Sure, i use the test drops, I don’t use any pH pens and I’ve never had a single issue. Although there’s nothing wrong with pH pens they’re just a little expensive. Here’s a link for the kit I use to test pH
General Hydroponics pH Control Kit for a Balanced Nutrient Solution https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_glt_fabc_NC28GPNWV0KR7GPSFE25?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1
I figured. Those are extremely inaccurate. Your best bet would be to either get a nice pH pen or some of the GH pH test drops.
You can get them with the pH up and down kit, like this, or separately:
Ok your PH are way high. I’d recommend a ph balancing kit. You want it between 5.5 and 6.5. I got a good one from general hydroponics. this kit it’s about what I paid but you may be able to save a dollar or two by looking around online a bit. I got mine on eBay.
This is the one I got of Amazon 3 or 4 yrs ago. Think I paid 15 at the time. Price went up a little. Never had any need for the pH UP part of it. Don't break the bank on anything pH related. These buffers literally cost companies pennies to make.
If you can get a cheaper aquarium version. Go for it.
I always get a second opinion from a solution sample and the pH test drops. Like you, I often second guess the meter.
These are the drops that came with the pH Up/Down solutions:
I got this one off of Amazon a few years back. Haven't had any issues. I think I paid $15 at the time. It works well for testing water going in and drainage coming out.
I see a couple comments above on pH. When I first started I had a pH problem and I ordered a digital pH checker which really let me down. Calibrating it and the accuracy of it was off. I ordered the droplet and pH up and down kit and it worked great. I provided you with a link off Amazon if you’re interested. General Hydroponics HGC722080 pH... https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY?ref=ppx_pop_mob_ap_share
You should definitely figure out your pH, you should be between 6-6.5 for optimal nutrient absorption. You don't need anything fancy, just get drops from Amazon
(like this https://smile.amazon.com/General-Hydroponics-pH-Control-Kit/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=mp_s_a_1_1_sspa?crid=3JSZLFBD5297M&keywords=general%2Bhydroponics%2Bph%2Bcontrol%2Bkit&qid=1555469142&s=gateway&sprefix=general%2Bhydroponics&sr=8-1-... )
to test what's going in and running off.
I got 4x 85W lights on half power in each corner of the tent, 1x 200W light on full power in the center. This plant is in a corner, the tent is 5x5ft with 5 plants total. The tent is 80 inches tall, the lights are about a foot below the ceiling, and the plants are basically on the ground.
The tent is in my basement, so it's usually around 65-75F. I used filtered water originally, but upgraded to pH balanced water over 2 weeks ago. I used this to balance it.
I just watered it yesterday and now it looks worse and the top 1 inch of soil is practically dry again.
This is all you need.
Yellow PH 6.0 is OK
Orange PH 5.5 is Great
Red PH 5 and lower is Bad
Oh geez i dont think your pH is so bad at all in my opinion everyone is different and im also on my first grow, but 7 isnt that far off the recommended 5.5-6.5. mine was hitting above 8.5 straight from the tap.
Honestly i got a bluelab meter but i need to recalibrate and have been using the basic kit you can get from general hydroponics. Its been working great. And i will get the bluelabs back up and going but for the time being this little $20 kit should get you by so much.
Link:: General Hydroponics pH Control Kit for a Balanced Nutrient Solution https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_i_5SBBY6YX4K5EJTHDQA7M?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1
I use This kit to pH balance. This does seem like it might be nute burn too. I'd hold off or cut back on feeding for a week and pH balance your water and see if that shows some improvement.
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=redir_mobile_desktop?_encoding=UTF8&aaxitk=38369c18a18b9798e19c06b49f475070&hsa_cr_id=8924075370301&pd_rd_plhdr=t&pd_rd_r=ec6afe88-020d-4b5c-9700-caacfaaa84c2&pd_rd_w=LsQ2b&pd_rd_wg=... Ditch the pen
https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=redir_mobile_desktop?_encoding=UTF8&aaxitk=38369c18a18b9798e19c06b49f475070&hsa_cr_id=8924075370301&pd_rd_plhdr=t&pd_rd_r=ec6afe88-020d-4b5c-9700-caacfaaa84c2&pd_rd_w=LsQ2b&pd_rd_wg=... Is better than any ph pen.
I gotchu fam. I normally just get the test liquid, i use a zerowater filter ( it has really low ph output and my city's tap water which is 8.5+) i premix tap water and filtered water to the right ratio 1:7 for me
pH Control Kit :
Ph Test Kit
You take a sample of water, add a few drops, and it turns colors to show you a general idea for your PH.
Agree with other commenters, I’ve gotten the cheapo one and it’s fine for a couple readings but you’ll end up disappointed. For a low cost solution can’t go wrong with liquid test kits like This
If you’re really dead set on digital, go big and get an expensive Ph meter that‘s easy to calibrate and has a replaceable probe.
I just ordered this ph testing kit on just in case my digital isn’t working right. And I’m going to get some cal-mag and start testing ph after adding nutes. Thanks everybody! General Hydroponics pH Control Kit for a Balanced Nutrient Solution https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_glt_fabc_FHDHRQC5NRT9NCTSSS5J?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1
i do the water itself after putting my nutes in, and i use a pretty outdated method of adding ph up and ph down that's a liquid, comes in a kit with a test tube and ph testing stuff you put 3-5 drops in the water, shake it, and compare to color chart...
General Hydroponics pH Control Kit https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_glt_fabc_MTN7VE37M657VAXM6FN5
edit; i say it's outdated because there's probes you can put in the water now that gives you exact ph
Exactly what's happening to your plants.... and it will get worse the longer you water without checking the pH. Trust me, I COMPLETELY understand wanting to keep it as simple as possible on your first grow. My first grow, I operated the same way! But it would really reallllly help you with your grow if you got a cheap pH testing kit like this one here.
I use general hydroponics ph kit it helps maintain the ph levels and also I set up a filter where I make water and store it. The ph level stays steady between 5.3-5.8.
This is the pH kit I use:
General Hydroponics HGC722080 pH Control Kit for a Balanced Nutrient Solution https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_fabt1_fUcSFbSX7KCZS
After you make up your nutrient mixture, test the pH level with the kit. It comes with a chart that tells you where you want the pH level. Then use the up or down as needed to get your pH level to the desired level.
I know these guys like to be acidic, so I bought this
General Hydroponics HGC722080 pH... https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY?ref=ppx_pop_mob_ap_share
I keep them away from direct light and it seems to have slowed the browning and dying stems ... hope it works for you!!!
Okay I'm back! I posted an update since and seem to have no real improvements. I was reading a little bit and found that in organic gardening you don't want to use these ph adjusters for organic grows.
The article I read said they can hurt your microbial growth. This may be part of my issue and I'm too far along now to really fix anything but overall the buds are going strong, getting fat, and I'm confident I'll make it to harvest. One more thing I need to adjust for the next grow.
Here’s what I use. If you have a local hydro store check with them first, might have it cheaper.
Great for testing water and water+nutrients. A little harder using it for soil. Picked up my clone last year and she’s around 14’ now.
rh to 45 is much better than 34. i wouldn’t rely on your homes humidifier/april air though, definitely get a cheap hygrometer from amazon and a humidifier for in the tent. should be 50-55 at this stage. these will last you more than a couple grows.
what nutrients are you using? they should bring your PH down into the 6’s just try to keep your EC around 1.3-1.5
That’s crazy. If you’ve got access to amazon, they carry most things a hydro stop would and sometimes they are cheaper than buying local. So many people use amazon nowadays that a few deliveries shouldn’t raise any suspicion. You can get this ph kit for super cheap and the ph down should last you quite a while since it is a very strong acid and doesn’t take much to change ph.
General Hydroponics pH Control Kit https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_i_QWrcDbB2KRWXT
This is what I've been using to alter PH levels, and it is working great for me. Just add in a cheap PH meter instead of the strips they come with and you've got a super easy and fast way to check and alter nutrient solution PH levels.
A ph pen will work or test strips you can get online, or just use this, check your ph going in and also your runoff to give you an idea of where your at , idealy youo want it to be in the 6.3 to 6.8 range, you also have some mites on the plant from what i can see so that needs to be dealt with also.
If the pH isn't 6.4 then use something like this to adjust the pH?
Note - the amazon link is for hyproponics. I'm in Fox Farm Ocean Forest Soil.
1) don't overwater
2) don't put the lights too close
3) don't use full strength nutes. When you first start you think adding more and more nutes will give you a bigger yield. However this will end up giving your plant toxicity. 1/2 strength.
4) be patient don't freak out and do something drastic to your plant if there is a tiny change.
As far as ph meters it really depends on you. I had a cheap one like 10-20 bucks and after two grows I think i got it wet and it just failed. So I just bought a 50$ one on Amazon- apera. Last grow I used just this
General Hydroponics pH Control Kit https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_YlWPzbWQG2BXB
Not the ph up and down but the ph measuring drops. Unless you are in hydro you really don't need an exact number to ph too. You just have to be in a range. And it's beneficial to feed the plant at different ph levels since the plant uptakes nutrients at different ph levels. Anyways my 0.02.
I use that pen, it works pretty well for the price. I do double check it with some pH test indicator solution, like this one.
Baby steps. You will need a Ph Up/Down kit eventually, so buy one.
Fill a big container with tap water, and let it sit for 24 hours ( to let chlorine evaporate). Use the kit to Ph to 6.5 - 7. Odds are, that is all you will ever need to do with your tap water.
Don't go to RO water, or distilled, until you have tried your own on plants and know it isn't good. On the other hand, for sprouting seeds and early growth, using distilled as a test (2 seeds with distilled, two with tap) is a great idea.
Yes ph up and down
get a digital ph pen though or you wont be able to measure accurately.
Also when you are adjusting your water with PH, only use ONE of the PH up or down at a time in your water.
Example if you have 7.0 water before adjusting, then you put some PH down in and you put too much and bring it to 6.0, don't use PH up to bring the PH up to where you want it, just add more water to bring it up.
A test drop kit and some PH up and PH down to get you started with proper PH. It isnt difficult, or expensive.
1) I use Botanicare nutrients (FYI they were bought by Scott's), they are a truly organic fertilizer and they have produced me some beautiful plants. Grow for veg, Bloom for flower, and CalMag for all stages. I like using distilled water and add all the nutrients, the tap water here is shit.
Honestly, buy gallon jugs of each nutrient. Runs like $40 a pop but is significantly more cost effective.
2) I use Roots Organic. Very high quality soil that will feed your plants for a bit and drains extremely well. Their website has a tour of their facilities. Just don't buy anything at all from Home Depot or the likes l, that shit is just shredded forest waste. I don't use Fox Farms because everyone seems to have issues early on with it.
3) General Hydroponics liquid test kit.
Never heard of those. Everyone I know uses this: https://smile.amazon.com/General-Hydroponics-GH1514-Control-Kit/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1475668913&sr=8-1&keywords=ph+up+and+down
Or a fancy $100 electronic one with calibration fluid.
How big of a reservoir do you have? The bigger the reservoir the more stable the pH will be. Also here is a kit that is only $19.
Me personally I would just go with the kit, I like simplicity. KISS (Keep it simple, stupid) is something I try and follow as often as possible. Good luck.
I wouldn't say that you should leave, but you really can't expect us to give you much help. All we can do is guess, based on the information you supplied my guess is that you are having a nutrient deficiency due to a combination of under feeding and PH issues.
So lets start with this, what kind of soil are you using? I assume just what you picked up at the local hardware store?
Second, if you are in the US you can get PH up/down with testing sollution from amazon for $15 http://www.amazon.com/General-Hydroponics-GH1514-Control-Kit/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1460046161&sr=8-2&keywords=ph+down the test solution doesn't give you an exact reading, but can keep you in the range at least and that is all you really need. A lot of the stuff you can get for growing does help but isn't required...stuff for PH measurement and adjustments really is required because without it you are going to have issues and not know why....maybe not all the time but enough times that it is worth spending the 15 bucks on.
Also you never really told us what you are using for nutrients or how often you are giving the plants water. If you don't know all the details that is fine, but tell us all the details that you DO know so we can provide advice.
Maybe take a razor blade and open up that medium. Maybe the roots are struggling. My northern lights had problems until I planted her in my fox farm soil in my bucket and used my LEDs. PH is easy and try letting your water sit out for a couple days in a bucket.
I use this for PH.
Yeah, to be honest I have trouble reading the drops, but my strips were harder to read reliably. Which brand of drops did you use? I am using general hydroponics.
I want a digital one but the only one I hear is any good is about $80. Any recommendations for cheaper ones?
I'm just using this to measure and adjust pH.
edit: I think you may be right, I'm going to swap water so there is no nutes.
It's possible that I have been over-watering it suppose, it did get a lot worse after the flush. I was sure that the top inch of soil was dry, but I think the problem could have been water left standing in the runoff reservoir. Could that do it?
As far as the pH goes - I have this: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B000BNKWZY?keywords=ph%20test&qid=1445024303&ref_=sr_1_10&sr=8-10
I give a range because either I'm colorblind, or the color matching on this test is very hard to nail down to a specific number. Also, does runoff water color have an effect on those tests?
So if it is indeed root rot, should I transplant into fresh soil?
Here is what I use. I bought a meter and honestly it sucks. You need to spend a little more for the better meters.
The indicator is just fine. It's more accurate than my shitty ph tester. That's a pretty cheap solution to guarantee that you are getting as close as possible to 6.0-6.5
Ok, if you're serious, PH is very important in grow our plant... between 5.7-6.3 for hydro systems, and 6.4-6.7 for soil. They make meters for this - they are sensitive and come with instructions - they also need to be calibrated which takes either 4.0 or 7.0 solution. They make kits that use water, very common in the pool and aquarium industry - they are fairly cheap and often come with PH up and PH down.
For soil, add all of your nutes, THEN check the PH and adjust accordingly - - then collect the run off - at least a cups worth - then test that water, that will tell you what the soil PH is at, then adjust your future waterings on these numbers.
Here is a kit - Amazon
I actually bought ph up/down, i've read some mixed reviews about using vinegar and baking soda. This is what I bought and has been working great: http://www.amazon.com/General-Hydroponics-GH1514-Control-Kit/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1423263655&sr=8-1&keywords=ph+up
This is my first time so please go easy on me.
This plant sprouted a week from today. My temperatures are in the low 70s with 25-32% humidity.
The soil in the pot consist of two kinds of soils. The top layer is a seedling potting mix from miracle grow (top two inches). bottom two inches is FFOF. I did this because i read somewhere that putting regular soil in the bottom part of the pot is good for when the plant start requiring nutrients.
I started watering the plant with distilled water. I checked the PH of the water and it was in the 6.0 range. I checked the run off and it was around 5.5-6.0 range. I tried picking up the PH with this but it seem that I kept using to much of it because the PH of my water kept coming out too high. So I kept using the distilled water without messing with it.
Now I am noticing that the veins of my plant are looking purple, and now I am worrying that I am doing something wrong.
I need some feedback to get on the right path again.
Spacebucketeers I need help.
Get some ph strips, i believe lemons require a slightly acidic soil but don’t quote me on that. general hydroponics PH control kit can help.
lemon tree soil requirements
Get this and add what you need to your water
6.5 is about my upper limit on pH. I have an air disc and reservoir fed DWC system in place. One thing I do is check my pH in the buckets daily (or 2-3 times a day), and I have noticed that the pH tends to go up over time. Different chemicals get absorbed at different rates based on the pH. I take mine down to about 5.5, 5.6, then leave it. I let it climb back up to 6.5 (2-3 days), then take it back down to 5.5. This helps ensure absorption of the full spread of nutes. I use these chemicals to adjust the pH.
This is what I use. https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apa_fabc_fGv2FbAF1DBZR?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1
First thing I would invest in is PH Drops (with up/down) if you are on a budget. And as soon as you can afford it get a PH Pen
The soil should be changed out to something better like Fox Farms Ocean Forest or Roots Organics Original. You can also look into making your own soil out of things you can find at menards/home depot/amazon
I wouldn't mess with vinegar/ baking soda. Just get the PH down/up products on Amazon.
General Hydroponics pH Control Kit https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apa_i_wBh8AbEK90EGZ
This is what I use
This kit has worked reasonably well enough for me in the past for pH. You can get the test drops for like 10 bucks or less if you already have other stuff to raise or lower pH. Like I said in my other comment, make sure you test the runoff water with whatever you have sometimes too not just the input water. Those can be very different.
You can test your fertilizer concentration with a cheap TDS meter. There are even cheaper ones that are probably also fine but I've personally had a good experience with this one. If you're testing runoff water too, that can help give you an idea if it's been getting too much
I use this one.
General Hydroponics pH Control Kit for a Balanced Nutrient Solution https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_apan_glt_i_0DCD4KN64RWZ39QZBMDP?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1
Nutrients and cal-mag:
Ph up and down:
Ph tester kit:
Rh meters (order like 5 or 6):
Jewelers loupe (to know when to harvest):
Scissors for plants:
Curing jars (order 3 packs):
Boveda packs (order 3):
It can be whatever you want it to be. Just need these
General Hydroponics pH Control Kit for a Balanced Nutrient Solution https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apan_glt_fabc_ZX088HAXEM3RNHSQW9VH?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1
If your budget is $50 get the liquid dropper thing for $20 where you use a color checker. The pens are all trash on Amazon unless you get something like this but even though you can get it used for $60 you've gotta get the maintenance liquids.
Just get this. Super simple to use
General Hydroponics pH Control Kit for a Balanced Nutrient Solution https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_glt_fabc_2022VV4D4NFWMW92SQJM?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1
This is the 1 I use.
I was going to buy these nutrients and ph balancers
These Ph Balancers
And the FloraGrow, FloraBloom, and FloraMicro combinations
No amazon referral codes (the tag= part). Next time is a ban.
Here's the link (General Hydroponics pH control kit) without the referral code.
This is the kit I purchased. It has both bottles of ph up and down, the pipette, and the liquid solution to check pH.
This is for nutrients and includes a feeding schedule:
This is for pH testing:
https://www.growweedeasy.com/ph and I recommend https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apa_fabc_cV28FbP73T82G
I also recommend growing in Coco coir with perlite mixed in instead of soil. I started with soil and haven't looked back since making the switch. It's just cleaner to handle, and I can use the run off water from feedings to water my peppers. Speaking of water, you'll probably want a drip tray of some sort to sit under your girls after feedings, the inside of a bucket can get real messy fast.
Lastly, get yourself some mosquito bits to help control fungus gnats
It’s made by general hydroponics it could be used for a pool as could your fancy meter but the drops don’t need calibration https://www.amazon.com/General-Hydroponics-pH-Control-Kit/dp/B000BNKWZY
This is the whole kit with the ph up and down. You can get a soil kit on amazon as well(https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_i_wZsiCbGMWYYND)
I use the PH test kit in the link below. I test the PH of the runoff water. I test it for just water, and when I water with liquid nutrients. When I just water the plants the PH is in range, but when I add the liquid nutrients to it, I need to boost the PH. That's what works for me in the setup I have for my plants. Do some reading, but generally you want the PH in your soil to be between 6.0 and 7.0. Also, look into topping/fimming. I've personally had good results using the FIM (Fuck I Missed) method.
I don't have that product, but usually any nutrient will lower your ph down pretty low. Invest in this if you already haven't...
Sure! I'm not an expert (I'm only on my 2nd grow), but here's my opinion...
Before you start buying and growing stuff, you need to decide on a few things:
1.) Hydro or soil?
2.) Grow discrete or stink up the neighborhood?
3.) How much money can you spend to start?
4.) How much room do you have?
5.) LEDs or HPS?
I'm in the hydro/discrete/~600USD/small-but-not-tiny camp/LED camp.
For a set-up similar to mine, you should buy the following:
- 5-gallon bucket (or you could use totes; whatever)
- net pot for 5-gallon bucket (or for totes; whatever)
- air stone
- tubing for air stone
- air pump (mine is less nice than the video, but has four lines, which makes it easier to expand to more buckets)
- pH control kit https://www.amazon.com/General-Hydroponics-pH-Control-Kit/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=sr_1_5?crid=24JINCZVECVBV&dchild=1&keywords=gh+ph+up+and+down&qid=1598715050&sprefix=GH+pH%2Caps%2C193&sr=8-5
- OPTIONAL a electronic pH meter and a TDS meter
Here's a video on how to setup a basic single-plant DWC system
People argue a lot about this, but I'd keep it simple and just get
- GH MaxiGrow
- GH MaxiBloom
TENT and AIR
- inline duct fan (I use this: https://www.amazon.com/AC-Infinity-CLOUDLINE-T4-Thermostat/dp/B06ZXWN3BG/ref=sr_1_4?dchild=1&keywords=in-line+fan&qid=1598715235&sr=8-4)
- Carbon filter to connect your fan to
- a regular old fan with clips on it
- Tent (if you're looking to save money, you could start with a 2'x2', and then get a larger one later. Taller is better. The bigger the tent, the better lights and fans you need and the more plants you can grow)
- You'll need some good scissors for trimming. I use these: https://www.amazon.com/Fiskars-399241-1002-Non-Stick-Micro-Tip-Pruning/dp/B07KCZSMLJ/ref=sr_1_8?dchild=1&keywords=trim+scissors&qid=1598717008&sr=8-8
- not necessary, but I use plant velcro for Low Stress Training (LST). Plant twist-ties are also popular for LST. There are other training methods-- I've heard good things about SCROGing, but it's a little tricky to SCROG with DWC hydro.
- Light timer (if you're planning on only growing autoflowers, you could technically get away with not buying this, but I'd still get one)
- Either COB or Quantum Board style LEDs. Avoid "blurples" unless you get an incredible deal on them. I'm use a US-made AutoCob (this one: https://cobshop.net/shop/ols/products/autocob-55), but you could probably get something more powerful for less money from China. r/autoflowers has a good lights guide:
You're first big decision here is autoflower or photoperiod (regular). Autoflowers can be under lights for up to 24 hours their whole lifecycle (but 18h is better), and tend to be smaller and traditionally have less THC (although that's not necessarily the case anymore). For photoperiod plants, you have more options, they tend to be bigger, they will "veg" under 18h of light and then you can choose when to have them flower by switching to 12h of light. If even a speck of light hits them in their dark period when they are in flower, they can get all sorts of messed up.
Once you've decided on auto or photo, go with a reputable dealer. I used MSNL because of their super stealth shipping. People seem to like Seedsman. Mephisto and NightOwl only do autos and have a cult following. r/microgrowery has a seed guide: https://www.reddit.com/r/microgrowery/wiki/guides/seedbank
Once you've picked the dealer, consider something that's marketed as being easy for beginners. Assume the website is probably lying when it says a variety is "low-smell" or shows vibrant colors, and don't expect to get as high yields as they advertise.
After you get everything, start by germinating the seed. I use the "paper towel" method. Then mix the water and put the seedling in the hydroton.
When I mix the water, I roughly follow GH's schedule (https://gh.growgh.com/docs/Feedcharts/GH_Maxi-REC_03216am.pdf) and keep the pH between 5.5 and 6.5. I check on the plants everyday because it brings me joy, but you really only need to check on them twice a week. I do a full water swap once a week.
For more information, check out guides from seed companies or youtube. I like Inside Hydro's videos.
Okay! Hopefully I didn't miss anything! Let me know how it goes if you try it!!
You've got to check the pH and adjust accordingly. Without proper pH, plants can't absorb nutrients. MaxiGrow is acidic and you're using quite a bit of it, so your water is almost certainly too acidic for the plants to grow.
You can get away with the old-school color method of pH if you can't afford a decent pH meter yet. I started with GH all-in-one kit:
General Hydroponics pH Control Kit https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apa_i_9XTcEbEYNCQA9
It's literally a few drops at a time.
This is exactly what I was hoping to find on here! thanks! I spent an entire day looking up pH pens but calibrating it every time with the packets (which only came with 2 per order) seemed like a hassle and some people said they werent as accurate as they would like. I found the following:
Would this be fine? also for the vial, is there a specific amount of water it can hold (can it hold enough for 1 watering sesh) or is it small and would i just have to keep adding water into the vial to adjust pH until i have given the plant enough water.
If this isnt good would you mind linking the one you use. Thanks again!
Most of the things I see on Amazon our things like this. Can I use this in my soil though?
General Hydroponics GH1514 General Hydroponics Ph Control Kit https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_6IN9ybA0556F4
Jellas Pocket Size PH Meter / PH Tester / Mini Water Quality Tester for Household Drinking Water, Hydroponics, Aquariums, Swimming Pools, PH 0-14.0 Measuring Range, 0.1PH Resolution (Yellow) https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00YBUH4RC/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_pJN9yb3VW64TM
You will need to be able to adjust your Ph, so grab a kit. The drops are fine for soil grows.
Let your water sit in a container for 12+ hours before giving it to the plants. Helps chlorine dissipate. If your water is heavy in chloramine (non-evaporative chlorine, basically), you need to explore other options.
What soil? Most cannabis-angled brands will have 3 - 4w of nutrients built in. You shouldn't need to add anything during that time, and for a while after you move up in container size.
Cheap nutrients: If using ammended (built in fertilizer) soil, you don't need to feed in veg.For flower I use Fox Farms Trio according to their website's schedule. Add 5ml/gallon CalMg each feed. There are cheaper options, but I don't have experience with them.
the rooters have been by FAR the easiest method, coir can rot pretty quickly if overwatered. You should rinse the coir out completely so theres no salt left behind.
here is a pH control kit if you have hard water. https://www.amazon.com/General-Hydroponics-GH1514-Control-Kit/dp/B000BNKWZY
Also, do yourself a real favor and take a look through these. http://thehotpepper.com/forum/27-glogs/
please get some real pH up and down from the hydrostore and pH strips, drops or a meter to get an accurate measure. you dont need to use distilled water if you dont have hard water from your taps. whats your light cycle?
General hydroponics pH up+down w/ drops
General Hydroponics 3 part
Don't use those sticks. They are slow acting ferts and will mess your plants up.
To PH balance your water you will need some PH Indicating solution, PH Up, and PH Down. You can get one of These which has everything you will need. You just take the little vial, fill it with the water you are planning to use, and drop about 5 drops of the indicator solution in. You shake it up and compare the color to the bottle. You adjust the PH by slowly adding a few drops of PH up or down depending upon the reading. You then mix it thoroughly through the water in the can and retest until you reach the desired PH.
The desired Ph is different depending upon growing in a hydro setup or soil. For hydro you want the PH to be around 5.5-6.0 with a slight emphasis on below 6. For soil you want your PH to be around 6.0 - 6.5.
I just use tap water. I haven't had any real issue with it. I usually try to be proactive and refill my watering can right after a watering. This way the water can sit for about 2 days and let the chlorine burn off. You can without a doubt use distilled water but unless you have a source really close to you this gets to be a real pain in the ass. In my opinion constantly getting distilled water ever 2-3 days would be time consuming considering that I haven't seen any issues with using my tap water.
As for ferts, pull out those sticks. You will only see issues with those. I am currently using the roots organic nutrient line. I use their Buddah Grow for veg and their Buddha Bloom in flower.
For feeding my nutrients I don't follow the nutrient schedule. I followed a schedule previous grows and it just ended up with nutrient burn. What I do is feed nutrients every other water. I have 2 plants in 5 gallon smart pots. I have a 2x3 gallon watering cans. I will put one tablespoon (a lot less than advised) in the bottom of each can, fill with water making sure to swish around to distribute the nutrients. Then I will PH balance the water (at least with the buddah grow it will naturally bring down PH so be aware). For reference I have been growing in roots organic. I planted seedlings into the 5 gallon smart pots from solo cups April 21st. I have only fed them that really diluted solution of buddah grow 3 times so far. I rarely now ever feed the plants with the recommended amounts on the bottle. I always start with 1/4 strength the first time and then 1/2 strength max. If I see deficiencies I will increase as needed.
I just comanded this kit on amazon
Should arrive by 16th of may !
I use general hydroponics PH up and down: http://www.amazon.com/General-Hydroponics-GH1514-Control-Kit/dp/B000BNKWZY?ie=UTF8&psc=1&redirect=true&ref_=oh_aui_detailpage_o02_s00
The PH tester liquid included works good but I have trouble seeing certain shades of color (chemotherapy damage).
I bought one of these cheap PH pens it's great: http://www.amazon.com/Tester-PH-009-Digital-Meter-Calibration/dp/B00N7432II?ie=UTF8&psc=1&redirect=true&ref_=oh_aui_detailpage_o01_s00
you are going to need to make a couple small purchases to make these adjustments, to be honest, these are tools that you should already have given you new hobby.
to adjust the PH of your plant, you are going to need the liquids to make the adjustment and the tool to read the PH. here are a couple links on where to find them.
Please also see this section of the guide to help with PH'ing your plants.
There are pH down and up solutions but I've never used them, I don't have much experience with that topic!
Something like this? www.amazon.com/General-Hydroponics-GH1514-Control-Kit/dp/B000BNKWZY/
You dont need ph test strips. Get this kit and itll have everything you need.
General Hydroponics pH Control Kit https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apa_Nv7SBbR3HZB9Z
I find the digital ph test pens are not very accurate and you have to calibrate them often.
I've only ever used smart pots and they work great. You'll want to work your way up in size though. Start with a red solo cup, then transfer to 1 gallon smart pot, then to 3 gallon, then to 5 gallon. Your roots and plant will grow much faster this way.
That 600watt led will be perfect.
That should be plenty of air flow with your exhaust fan choice.
You can try your own soil, but me personally I always start with fox farms happy frog in the solo cup and 1 gallon pot, then switch to fox farms ocean forest soil for the 3 and 5 gallon pots because ocean forest is hotter and young plants sometimes cant handle it. It's more expensive to grow this way but you know for sure exactly what's in your dirt.
You can use your tent to dry and cure. I hang branches of drying bud up near the ceiling of my tent with some twist ties and theres still plenty of room for growing plants down at the bottom.
I would recommend rapid rooters plugs for your seeds. They work really good, especially if you use them in conjunction with a germination station.
With a tent that small you'll want to do some training with your plants. I recommend following nebula haze's manifolding guide on growweedeasy.com
That technique will give you alot more yield in a small tent.
Only other thing I can recommend is to get on growweedeasy.com and read everything. And then read it again. And then go back for tips on stuff before you get ready to do it for the first time.
Tap water has all kinds of nasty shit in it that will evaporate after 3 or 4 days if you let it sit out. But, even if you let your water sit for a few days the pH will be wrong.
Your water's pH is going to be the (most) important thing. You can use the filtered water from those supermarket water dispensers...something like $0.25 a gallon... instead of tap water.
Do yourself a favor and get something like this: https://www.amazon.com/General-Hydroponics-pH-Control-Kit/dp/B000BNKWZY/ref=sr_1_8?ie=UTF8&qid=1529380807&sr=8-8&keywords=plant+pH