Maybe this will help you a bit: https://dnscrypt.info/faq
Also I would recommene dnacrypt because it has a feature named anonymized DNS which routes your DNS traffic like tor.
Also see this thread were you can find more helpful links:
And here is a list with at least some of the available DoH servers.
The dnscrypt site has some in their list as well (in addition to dnscrypt servers)
> Isso é um vírus no DNS do roteador do usuário
Nesse caso não é por que uso httpseverywhere e DNSCrypt junto com dnsmasq.
Além disso se fosse dns esse script teria continuado a aparecer, mas agora por exemplo não aparece mais. Não sei exatamente como o mercadolivre tá sofrendo disso mas não é a minha conexão que está sofrendo MITM.
Although you can't truely trust any code running on anybody elses server, I'd choose one like https://opennic.org or (not personally looked into yet) http://dns.d0wn.biz/ using https://dnscrypt.info/. Even better, selfhost!
The DNS server you have set on your computer will be used, for your computer. The DNS server on your router is used by the router to resolve names so the router can do things like auto-update.
DNSCrypt encrypts all DNS traffic between the client and the DNSCrypt resolving server. So, if you setup a DNSCrypt client on your computer it will use whatever name server the DNSCrypt client is setup to use. There are many flavors of DNScrypt clients that all point to different secure resolvers.
Visit https://dnscrypt.info/faq/ for more info
I use dnscrypt-proxy (in Community repository) for DNS requests, you can configure it to use DOH servers only, and in my previous tests (using DNS leak test website), dnscrypt-proxy does use many DNS servers. (no "one DNS server knows all your requests" scenario)
dnscrypt.info has a list of DNS servers which you can sort by "Protocol" to show DoH servers, click on names to show connection infos.
If the objective is just to block ads on your personal devices, I'd say download a dnscrypt client and select a server that blocks ads.
If you still want to run a pihole instance locally, just setup a docker instance and configure your network settings to use 127.0.0.1 as dns.
SNI is often used for VPS that need several TLS certificates for more than one domains and sub domains. For example a mail server managing emails for multiple domains or a VPS with several different Wordpress sites in multiple sub domains, etc. It doesn’t have the same daily limitations from Certbot, allowing the person to create individual names and to avoid using a wild card certificate. It is more an issue with people hosting multiple domains on the same server than people surfing the internet.
There are a few different standards for encrypted DNS, I would suggest going to https://dnscrypt.info/implementations which has a good breakdown on them. In the end unless you are using a recursive DNS server most of your requests are going to be visible one way or another, the recursive DNS server needs a forwarding proxy to both protect it from poisoning cache attacks and to give you a additional layer of privacy, combine it with a VPS acting as a proxy with WireGuard and Caddy serving as a front end screen and you have a solid jumping point for some privacy and security.
Are you stating that DNSCRYPT is old and insecure?
IF you are - you would be incorrect. As it does DNS over TLS and DNS over HTTPS. So unsure where you are getting your computer knowledge from.
SOURCE - https://dnscrypt.info/faq - note the different implementations.
Just throwing this in here, there are pros and cons to some upcoming candidates including DNS over TLS
I know there could be some lobbying behind this, but there are good points anyway if you're interested
I've used DNS over TLS with pfBlockerNG before, i'm trying a minimal Debian-VM with pihole and a DNSCrypt-proxy with the DNS-over-HTTPS servers now
In Turkey one should use DNSCrypt(or the previous version for OpenWRT) to inhibit DNS spoofing anyway.
In short, since Turkey doesn't block the IP addresses but the domain names (wikipedia.org), and even manipulates those, it is best to encrypt the transmissions involving the domain name system (DNS).
I mean this. And no, it is not similar to what Mozilla is doing, because using it alleviates the need to use your ISP DNS, which is the biggest privacy hazard out there, as ISPs do all sorts of nasty shit with it, from censorship and built-in ads to passing all your data to government agencies.
Using OpenNIC or other public DNS servers without DNSCrypt is not a complete solution, because the default DNS protocol implementation is unencrypted, so your ISP is still going to be able to see all your requests. If you use DNSCrypt, on the other hand, the ISP is only going to be able to see the IP addresses you connect to and not the domains, if you use a VPN in conjunction with it, they won't see even that. VPN providers do have their own DNS servers configured and those are passed through the VPN tunnel and encrypted, but most of them suffer from DNS leaks, so they aren't entirely reliable on their own. My guess is that whatever Mozilla is doing may also have this sort of problem.
If any fellow crypto peepz wants to keep their DNS queries safe against hijacking/spoofing and encrypt. To prevent future MEW dns hijacking or stuff like this in the future. Do take a look here at this project. https://dnscrypt.info
Could be something funky with your ISP DNS.
Check with 184.108.40.206 server:
nslookup example.com 220.127.116.11
If above fails, your ISP may be DNS filtering you. Get BIND/dig. Check with alternative port on OpenDNS server:
dig @18.104.22.168 -p 5353 example.com
If that fails, then run DNSscrypt.
A better, decentralized open-source solution already exists: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNSCrypt
There are clients for most major platforms.
EDIT: an even better solution (has RFC and IETF activity) exists with DNS-over-TLS. Thanks for the replies below.
> Dns-crypt (AFAIK) relays your DNS queries through a network of volunteers.
There are relays and resolvers, Oblivious DOH or Anonymized DNS uses a relay to anonimize DNS, its like a proxy so the DNS provider can see who is requesting.
DNS resolvers/providers aren't different to DoH/TLS providers, most are the same, just a different protocol.
DNS relays (Anonymized) some are volunteers other big groups with several servers
Setting-DNS Settings-paste the stamp to the upstream list textbox, click Test Upstreams below it to confirm then apply. Note that it only supports DNSCrypt as upstream, not as downstream, so your device can only use Do53. DoH, DoT, and DoQ
do note that using "private dns servers" do not give you anonymity. dns requests are more of a security threat than a threat to privacy. your isp is always going to know you visited "site x." If you want anonymity, dns requests aren't the place to start.
A dns server is just an address book, so pick one you trust.
If you can spend some time, I would recommend trying dnscrypt-proxy and create a custom blocklist using the generate-domains-blocklist.py file that comes with it. I personally use dnscrypt-proxy with Quad9 DNS resolver. You can check available servers here:
the simple solution would be to install DNSCRYPT
Then you can choose the server of your choice to use for encrypted DNS.
Block all tracking using dns.
Normally I'd plug my own server https://dns.brahma.world but it's hosted in Europe so it won't be as fast as something hosted in India; which you will find on the dnscrypt website.
At the moment, this AdGuard update is for Windows only. Perhaps, they will add it later to their Linux Client.
But I have a suggestion, AdGuard's latest DNS Module update for DoH and DoT is powered by DNSCrypt.
You can review their software and find potential application for your Linux distro:
>So your actual argument really has nothing to do with the "cons" you mentioned above. Those cons being Speed.
Those cons above was just a brief choice why your supposed 'benefits' aren't cons to me.
The above reason is why I don't trust Cisco at all and don't buy into your whole security argument.
My main con is a lack of speed and privacy.
However, I leave the choice making to Dnscrypt-proxy. It selects from 65 DoH servers which comply with my preferences including no-logging and no-filtering.
I would not consider this a sec-high because of how DNS is by design. In fact, DNS-over-HTTPS causes more problems than it solves. Not the least of which is centralizing all of your traffic behind CloudFlare.
There will always be leaks, so if you want to preserve privacy, don't depend on your web browser to do the job of a DNS resolver. Instead run DNSCrypt at the OS or router level and protect all your DNS traffic. You should also be using a VPN, because with or without DoH the ISP can still see the IP level traffic and correlate it to user content with minimal effort.
DNSCrypt Supports a lot of different servers including cloudflares, NextDNS, etc. Seems like a more robust protocol that DoH but in the end the result is similar. I guess the only other thing I noticed about DNSCrypt is that it randomizes the servers used so you don't hit the same servers every time, fwiw. End result is basically same as Cloudflare DoH. Pihole calls DNSCrypt proxy same as Cloudflare DoH proxy. https://dnscrypt.info
But speaking again of NextDNS, if you could get that working on the UDM Pro with the ability to read hostnames from dhcpd would be awesome. That would mean the logs for NextDNS would include hostnames for each query. That coupled with encrypted DNS proxy would be a really nice capability for UDM.
If you don't find a solution, try using DNSCrypt instead of cloudflareD:
For me it's more reliable than cloudflareD and since it also supports DoH, you can use it with Cloudflare's own DNS servers.
>to be honest, i think DoH is the future, especially as it leads on to DoQ (DNS over QUIC).
>This page has a bit of a comparison: https://dnscrypt.info/faq
Thanks , an interesting read :) Definitely leaning towards a DoH setup now
> DOH BYPASSES ENTERPRISE POLICIES
That's not really a problem to you, that is a problem to your employer if they want to control what you visit/see.
DOH WEAKENS CYBER-SECURITY - "When the DNS protocol is encrypted, an organization can no longer use a DNS query's data (query type, response, originating IP, etc) to know if a user is trying to access a known bad domain, let alone trigger a blocking or redirecting action on it,"
That refers to an organization like an employer controlling what you can access.
> I personally use DoT (DNS over TLS, and not DNS over HTTPS) - as this is what my research led me to believe was the correct way moving forward.
to be honest, i think DoH is the future, especially as it leads on to DoQ (DNS over QUIC).
This page has a bit of a comparison: https://dnscrypt.info/faq
Yeah, i have the same problem.
I havent test it like you, but some servers dont have DNSSec even though they displayed it in the list from dnscrypt.info.
cloudflare is the only one with dnssec.
dnscrypt-proxy allows me to use both dnscrypt protocol and DoH, you can find some more info about it also a comparison between DoH, dnscrypt, DoT, DNS over SSH and some other, here
Or pick one of a hundred different DOH servers to use. Or, if you feel that is too much , roll your own DOH server
The points you raise are invalid because there are numerous DoH providers, pick one - https://dnscrypt.info/public-servers/ (DNSCrypt does DoH too, not just DNSCrypt's own protocol).
You can also specify anyone you like in Firefox, (and it comes with more than just Cloudflare).
Ah, yes I forgot to mention that in my OP. I've tried all the popular DNS servers, Google, CloudlFlare, OpenDNS etc for both primary and secondary. None of them fixed the problem unfortunately.
That first DNS is legitmate anyway though, I chose it as primary because of the physical location, it's the closest DNSCrypt resolver.
Pi-hole works by blocking name resolution so it's impossible for it to block HTTP but not HTTPS. If it ever worked any differently (which I don't think is the case) it must have been a long, long time ago.
As to why OP should use it... because he already said he was thinking about it?? There's no indication it would necessarily be a new purchase.
BTW, dnscrypt-proxy (2) is a distinct tool to dnscrypt (the protocol) and DNS-over-TLS isn't a particularly good protocol. There's a good comparison of the currently available encrypted DNS protocols here. I'm sure Merlin probably supports something better these days.
dnscrypt has some alternative DoH servers in their list, but your university may or may not use this as a blocklist. (dnscrypt-proxy can also be used to with DoH servers) https://dnscrypt.info/public-servers
Your university could also implement a filter based on SNI to block TLS/SSL/https connections to specific domain names, so even if you can get DNS to work, that may not be enough.
Edit: If you use a VPN, then the risk of legal fallout for the university is reduced, so they might not care about that.
They’re the protocols used by the clients;
DoH is inherently more secure than DoT (DNS over HTTPS).
Adguard means well, but the app won’t give you a DoH connection even when using their DoH servers. The only app found to force DoH properly was 22.214.171.124 unfortunately run by Cloudflare.
Proxy info: https://dnscrypt.info/implementations
Grab dnscrypt from its site, set it up with the basic profile and in server name just use the adguard server name as given here. The installation instructions are at its github and easy to follow.
DNSCrypt is basically a network protocol that provides encryption for the traffic between user's system and the DNS servers. A DNS proxy is a proxy server for DNS resolution, which can be used to access region/ISP blocked content over HTTPS. Cloudflare and Google provide this service for free.
dnscrypt-proxy combines the two of these things to make it easy for the user to A) Encrypt DNS traffic without much hassle, B) Switch between DNS proxies based on latency automatically (more features listed here).
Chromium with the patch seems pretty functional, but it still leaks to Google on occasion. The source code is riddled with "google.com" stuff throughout.
DNS Over HTTPS was a concern for some users:
Also DNSCrypt has a great breakdown of why it is better:
Instead of VPN, I think you should check out DNSCrypt. It only encrypts your DNS requests, which is the ones blocked by your ISP, so the data still goes straight to you. Or if you're a bit more tech-savvy, check out CloudFlare's DNS over HTTPS daemon.
Not all your data, your DNS requests only. You see, in my opinion, using a VPN at the router level, for all your data, for all your devices is kinda overkill. I only use it for my iPhone (or smartphone) and my main Mac (or PC) and not for my AppleTV (or Chromecast). However, the best of both worlds is at least securing your DNS requests at the router level. It enhances security dramatically, your ISP won't be able to mine data/block at the DNS level (which is the most straight forward method, never ever use your ISP's default DNS server) and you keep the full speed of your internet connection.
You can find all about it here: https://dnscrypt.info
There are lots of clients, but dnscrypt-proxy is updated regularly and mostly used, available on almost any platform and it also can use DoH (DNS over HTTPS). All the info is available on the site. But basically, you run your own dns proxy, very low on cpu usuage, and you configure your router's custom dns settings. You don't use a public dns server at usual, but the local IP address of the computer running dnscrypt-proxy. It's a good idea to give this computer a fixed local IP or request a fixed local IP using dhcp.
The only downside is, your host needs to be running al the time, you can't shut it down, or your router can't pass dns requests. Cheers!
r/DNSCrypt still works with OpenDNS last I checked.
Make sure you are using the latest version a.k.a. DNSCrypt v2.
Note: For privacy you're better off using non-logging OpenNIC servers.
Must be good, someone on my discord channel mentioned that this is blocked (the link to the official page/store) for him in Korea.
I'm not really into iOS but after some research it seems that this is a client for DNSCrypt. So, this is never a replacement for Pi-Hole since Pi-Hole is not DNSCrypt and has another purpose (blocking/filtering [the rest is more gimmick and optional]).
It's cool to have one client for iOS too for DNSCrypt, because it's important but I highly suggest (if possible) to use an own DNS server, it's maybe a bit complicated to setup (guides are there) but you won't expose something to anyone except yourself and the risk is lower compared to trusting third-parties like cloudflare, adguard, opendns etc. in the DNSCrypt wiki there is a tutorial to get your own server running (via docker) for 5 € a month, I think that's more than okay considering that you also can use the server for other things like backup etc.
I'm not sure if something like a hosts file exists for ios but if possible block it there, the benefit is that you don't need some tools running (cause they drain more battery) and possible leak some data.
Only if you know which servers you want to connect to and your network doesn't change, than specifying server_names speeds up the initial connection. With this setting you limit the servers dnscrypt-proxy has to query to find the fastest server when starting.
A constantly updated list of public resolvers that can be accessed securely: https://dnscrypt.info/public-servers
Raw file: https://github.com/DNSCrypt/dnscrypt-resolvers/blob/master/v2/public-resolvers.md
From Arch wiki: "DNSCrypt encrypts and authenticates DNS traffic between user and DNS resolver. While IP traffic itself is unchanged, it prevents local spoofing of DNS queries, ensuring DNS responses are sent by the server of choice."
In layman terms, dns cacher saves dns DNS queries for improved DNS lookup speeds to previously visited sites which can also improve privacy.
If you're not that much into privacy you can just skip it and get dnscrypt. From what i read here you can get it on windows too.
You are still wrong.
Cloudflare also queries the root servers.
Your ISP will not see those queries since it isn't done on the line of your internet connection or your ISP but externally. Hence the importance of encryption between your hardware and the DNS server you sent the request too. The queries onwards from the DNS server to the root servers doesn't matter because your ISP won't be able to see those.
Running your own personal DNS server is doing exactly the same thing as Cloudflare, both query the root servers.
In my case i have a Unbound DNS server hosted on a non-ISP line since I have set it up for dnscrypt and doh usage. So if you self host a DNS server, your ISP will be able to see the queries that the DNS server is doing to the root servers.
Agreed, hence the mention of other protocols, projects and VPN in my comment.
They have a nice comparison list of protocols here (scroll down for different protocols), should help one decide what to choose.
There is big focus on encryption and security nowadays. Exciting times for privacy, on both ends.
You can find a few implementations of this here personally I run dnscrypt-proxy on my router, so anything outgoing from my home network goes through tls. On top of that I can choose to run it at OS level on my device and disregard dns servers pushed by DHCP, but that means not being able to hit any local domains (like login and etc.).