Read Longitude by Dava Sobel for an excellent history of the development of an accurate clock that could be used at sea. It's truly fascinating both from the engineering perspective as well as the personalities involved. And it clarifies that, prior to this development, navigation at sea (at least in terms of longitude position) could best be characterized as a wild ass guess.
Edit: somehow wrote LATitude when I meant LONGitude! Duh!
Others have already explained this accurately; I wanted to add a bit about things related to this.
Consider the brain. Natural selection has determined we need to process things very quickly to react to them. In this way, the brain abstracts an output of senses into a "symbol" that it can process readily.
When observing children's pictures of houses, you will notice that after five years old or so, they will nearly always put a door knob on a door. Even if it's more of a handle or something else, they will put the thing there that their mind associates with "mechanism for opening doors".
This makes drawing difficult because you need to see the world without abstraction in order to replicate it. One exercise to do so is to draw the "vase or two faces" picture while saying the part of the face you are drawing until you can do both sides without messing up. It forces you to remove the association of the words with the image you are making. As you get into this mental state, you will begin to lose the symbolic association your mind makes with the items in the world and see them for the shapes and colors they are.
This is like a grander scale of losing track of the meaning of a word. It's losing track of the meaning of everything you see while simultaneously really seeing it for the first time.
If you're interested in more, the book "Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain" is a great read. Sure, left/right brain stuff is scientifically inaccurate, but as a metaphor for linear vs abstract thought, it works.
It's not Coca-Cola itself but the Stepan Company. They are the only company in the US allowed to import coca leaves to the US. They extract the cocaine for medical uses from the leaves and then ship the cocaine free leaves to Coca Cola.
For one day, it doesn't matter. You will have lost the same amount of fat.
If you do that every day for a long time, you will have grown more muscle, that will need more energy. So if you don't change your daily caloric intakes, you would lose more fat with working out. (Assuming you eat proteins and results depend on your work out.)
That said, most want to look better and be healthier when they try to lose fat, and in that case, more muscle mass is better. source for healthier
Anyhow if you are like me, you will have problems with your hunger. Try eating protein rich for breakfast. (Like half the proteins for your day.) Drink more water and always a glass of water 10min before eating. And if you still want more to eat, brush your teeth, drink a glass of water and if you are still hungry, try instead eating some alternative like some (frozen) fruits after drinking a glass of water. Also google "how to prevent hunger". Most sound like placebo, but as long as it helps you.
Oh and try to keep to a time table. Eat meals always at the same time and sleep at the same time (sleep is important for good decisions like what to eat)
I would advise against that unless you like food everywhere. There are a number of bowls designed to prevent whisker fatigue.
Here is a good one.
> If there is a meaning in life at all, then there must be a meaning in suffering. Suffering is an ineradicable part of life, even as fate and death. Without suffering and death human life cannot be complete.
―Viktor Frankl, Man's Search for Meaning, p. 88
Actually, it's not true that 4 legged animals all have "forward bending" legs. They do but they also don't.
So, what animal can climb, run and walk well? We probably want these on our robot, right?
Maybe a goat?: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Goat_skeleton.jpg
Maybe a cat?:
Notice how their legs also bends backwards, not on the "knee" yes, but they're not only forward bending either.
Funny note, even us humans have "back bending legs", which is our feet and ankles, the only difference is after they bend back they also touch to the ground: our heels.
So, since they're robots, it's to be expected to not have the exact same structure as an animal (no need to exactly design a "feet" if a round surface can do the same job) but if you compare the skeletons and have an "overall" look, they're quite similar to many animals.
Hope it helped.
To piggyback on this, human breasts are an exception in the animal world. Primate females only develop breasts when feeding younglings, whilst human females have permanent breasts (with size differences during breastfeeding).
Think of it the other way around. Humans should not have breasts. The apparition of breasts (of any size) has been selected in humans (probably sexual selection unless proven otherwise) and that's why our species females have breasts. Size is secondary to its mere existence.
Besides this, breast size seems to be a complex trait governed by several polymorphisms with variation between populations http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22747683
A bit of etymology might be helpful here. Via Etymology Online.
Here's a timeline so you can see exactly how the word changes over time:
Back in the days of ancient Rome, the word 'columna' was used to refer to a pillar. Many years later, Rome fell, but the Latin language gave rise to many of what we call the Romance languages. As part of this, 'columna' morphs into one part of the term 'compagna colonella' (Italian) to refer to a column of soldiers. The leader of that column is called the 'colonnella'. When the French adopt the word, it becomes 'coronel', and later 'coronell'. When translated into English, the Italian form of the word is preserved (hence colonel), but the French pronunciation is used.
And that's why we write colonel, but say coronel. There was even a time when both forms of the word were being used simultaneously, during the 16 and 1700s, but ultimately the 'l' form of the word won out.
Simpler version: Words change over time. The word colonel is hundreds and hundreds of years old, and has changed a lot. Once upon a time, it was actually pronounced with an 'l', but as time went on, the word changed even more, kind of like a game of telephone. You know; one person mishears something, another might change it just because they can, even though they heard perfectly well the first time, and by the time it gets to the end of the line, the word you started with, and the word you wind up with are completely different and might not even make sense.
The sky can be green, but the conditions for it are rare. Blue light spreads better than green light, so generally, the conditions are better to make the sky blue than make the sky green.
You can have a stormy green sky
Or you can have a green flash
Edit: Fixed RES formatting
Don't really know why, but I have to deal with it too. Some things i've found to help:
Go to bed when you start getting sleepy, not when you've gone well past. It's like your brain adapts to trying to stay awake, and you have to get to sleep before that happens.
Read in bed for ~30 mins before trying to fall asleep. Low light is important, I use a kindle paperwhite.
Exercise every day. I'm not so good at this.
Don't use the computer right before trying to sleep. The bright screen and mental stimulation aren't helpful. Also, try f.lux
Every fountain pen ink company makes a chocolate or coffee named brown ink. It's not as popular as burgundy or teal colors, but it's readily available.
Stick pens have narrower choices, black blue and red are the big dogs. Brown is a fancy color, available in gel pens like many others.
The problem is that you're mixing politics and science. The very word "race" has become so politicized that it is of diminished value as a word.
Biologically speaking, everyone has two parents that contributed to their genome. Each of those parents has two parents of their own, and so forth. For most of human history, however, few people traveled further than 50 miles from their place of birth. Therefore, because of gene drift, every geographical location on Earth developed its own unique gene sequences.
On the Internet you can find DNA tests that will yield a result of "you're 30% Irish, 28% German, 18% Russian, 16% Chinese, 5% Native American, and 3% Other." The way they're doing that is by looking for those geographically unique gene sequences. Which is exactly what a Forensic scientist does for a court case. If a person has 83% Nigerian and 17% Cameroon DNA then they're black. The person with the Irish/German/Russian etc. DNA would be judged Caucasian.
Advantages of borderless windows - the ease of Alt-TAB and maintaining the same screen colors if you're using f.lux. For games that don't have the windowed/borderless fullscreen mode, you can use windowed mode with a program like GameCompanion to force it to fullscreen.
Edit: some people are saying f.lux works for them on fullscreen. That may be so, my experience has been it usually doesn't. So I just switch to the windowed fullscreen first thing on any game I play, else in the evenings when you launch a game you go from the soothing reddish that your eyes adapted to, to full OMG IT'S SO BLUE WHY IS IT SO BLUE MY EYES ARE BURNING mode and that's just not fun, colors be damned :)
For Windows, ninite is pretty good. It seems to work best if you are using it on a new system, I had a problem with it when I already had Firefox installed and tried to use a ninite installer that included Firefox. Linux distributions are already far ahead of this with their package managers, but Microsoft is supposed to be working on a similar concept for Windows.
I thought Colgate Total was different as it contained Triclosan. But i think other toothpastes have this too.
Big difference.. Sensodyne Repair and Protect has a bioglass compound called Novamin that actually bonds with the enamel and gives it an extra coating that fortifies teeth enamel. It is the only compound and toothpaste that actually repairs or fortified your enamel.
I know a new compound called Biomin has come out which is a superior version of Novamin, but it is only available in the UK for now.
Edit: correction: Bioglass is not the only compound that repairs your enamel. But it is the best or among the best there is. Also available over the counter so you don't need some expensive prescription toothpaste.
Novamin (a type of bioglass) was invented by a scientist and Sensodyne bought out his research, so to my knowledge Sensodyne Repair and Protect (non US version) is the only off the shelf toothpaste that has Novamin.
For some reason, the version in the US does not have Novamin. If you want to buy the Novamin version in the US, buy it from Amazon here: https://www.amazon.com/Sensodyne-Repair-Protect-Whitening-Toothpaste/dp/B008VPSTOA
It takes a few weeks to ship from the UK. But the price is reasonable: $6.60 and free shipping.
Eek! Don't forget to get Jellybean Keygrabber and grab your Windows OS Key! You can be in a world of hurt if you forget to do that!
Source: I'm an IT guy and I forgot to grab a key once.
"Patient 0" is actually slang popularized after the AIDS epidemic due to the utilization of the term by the media. The term was originally "Patient O", and the "O" stood for "Outside of California" as all cases of AIDS at the time were located within California.
Check out Curated, an app that lists only the genuinely good games on the Play store (those submitted by users and accepted by the developer). You can search by genre/art style, and it also allows you to filter out apps that cost money, include microtransactions, require an internet connection, etc.
Unfortunately it seems like the author has stopped adding new games, but there's still a sizable list of decent games on there.
In addition certain cultures traditionally had a much less varied diet than what OP refers to. See inuit diet, which is rich in vitamin C just from eating the right types of meat and some berries:
Inside your brain there are things called mirror neurons. Like geronimo jones said sort of correctly, it can be a measure of how much empathy you have for people. Basically these neurons become activated when someone like you is in pain or doing something. When you see someone doing something like yawning, these neurons get activated and it tells you to yawn as well. It is the reason we have the phrase "monkey see, monkey do".
here is a ted talk on it if you are interested
To add to this, in a science mag about 10 years ago I read about that since we invented cooking we could spend more energy on our brains which effectively made us smarter.
Edit: to add to this: https://www.amazon.de/Catching-Fire-Cooking-Made-Human/dp/184668286X
"the habit of eating cooked rather than raw food permitted the digestive tract to shrink and the human brain to grow"
It blows my mind every time I remember that Reddit is one of most popular sites on the web, up there with the other giants. The subreddit structure does an amazing job at keeping the place feeling like a nice community.
The app basically listens to an audio sample and makes a fingerprint from the highs and lows of the wave form. Here is a shitty visual aid I drew. In this example, the fingerprint would be something like CBDAEBDBDBC.
This fingerprint gets sent to our server where we have a database of over 50 million songs. Each song in the database has the fingerprint for the full length of the song. We basically just search the database for any fingerprints containing CBDAEBDBDBC.
There is actually not much heavy calculation required which is why it is able to do this so quickly. It is essentially the same thing as doing a ctrl+f search on a website for a particular word. Obviously, the longer the audio sample, the longer the fingerprint we can use to search more accurately.
This is the same technology iTunes uses for the "Get Track Names" feature except that it is able to get a pure audio sample from the actual file and can do it much quicker. On your phone, we have to use additional algorithms to filter out background noise which is way more complicated and beyond my level of expertise.
That's quite not correct I'm afraid. ١٢٣٤٥٦٧٨٩٠ were always east Arabic numbers, Indian numbers never looked like that. West Arabic numbers looked similar to modern Latin numbers, but were slightly different.
Here's a diagram of the history of base-10 numbers symbols, with the original Indian numbers that branched off into east Arabic (that is still in use), west Arabic that were then mostly adopted as Latin numbers and modern Indian numbers.
Tip: Things going up your butt are the bane of anal sphincters. You gotta relax yourself first.
After that, you're going to feel - 'uh, okay'.. Then after that, you're going 'I feel like I'm going to poop but aren't', which is perfectly normal.
Tip 2: Add lots of lube and make the uh, 'penetrations' faster. My method of choice is make the thing move in small, but really fast strokes.
That's the 'feel good' part.
Tip 3 (if you're a guy): Work a way to make the 'penetrator' press against the part which is nearest the prostate gland. Find the position that is most comfortable, then go to tip 2. This is the part that will make you go 'aaahhhh!'.
EDIT : NSFW This is the 'aaahh!' that I'm talking about(guy using a vibrating butt plug for the first time) NSFW!
EDIT2: 😕 made some changes[.](#s "reddit, where a question about farts lead to a discussion about capitalism")
The sugar free candies everyone is mentioning are also made with sugar alcohols. The reason those candies aren't very popular is because sugar alcohols pass through the system mostly undigested, which leads to cramping, diarrhea, and other intestinal upset, but for the purposes of the actual structure of the candy, sugar alcohols closely mimic real sugar. The reason that sugar free candies made solely from aspartame, splenda, or stevia aren't really made is because, aside from taste, the appealing part of candy is the various textures of it, and those sweeteners can't even come close to replicating it.
However, they do make these, but I've never actually tried them.
Oh goodness. Ill try to get on tomorrow and help out. I've been waiting years for this moment.
edit: THIS is my WIP. im in school but will update as soon as possible.
i dont know if you mean something like this
"We have known for about a century that inner speech is accompanied by tiny muscular movements in the larynx, detectable by a technique known as electromyography"
from here: https://www.theguardian.com/science/blog/2014/aug/21/science-little-voice-head-hearing-voices-inner-speech
This may sound ridiculous.
But i always found that the voice in my head that helps me solve problems or remember stuff works like a kind of search engine in my memory database.
You think about a problem and your brain uses your knowledge and memories to solve it or come up with a new idea. But then again, you are your brain and the voice in you brain and..... this is where i get the same existential crisis another user had.
Just realized I never answered your question, having a hard time finding a progression of swings or slides and stuff.
I did run by a suggested article: The history of playground development is long and detailed, but for a well-sourced, well-researched article, see The Evolution of American Playgrounds by Dr. Joe Frost of the University of Texas at Austin.
Sand that is used to make glass is different from beach sand. A special mix of purified sand is used instead. Its mostly silica sand, which is made from quartz (one of the most common rocks on earth). You can see how very pure quartz crystals are similar to glass. The sand on the beach is mostly silica, but doesnt come from clear quartz crystal, and if you melted that sand down, it wouldn't be very clear at all.
Here's a cool video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NVKcISj2LfA
Edit: Glass created in nature is called Fulgurite and is caused when lightning strikes the sand. It looks like this.
> The reason behind wanting to leave is that the EU has increasingly more control over the nation. There are a bunch of rules imposed on the nation, and they pay a lot in membership fees or whatever for little in exchange.
That simply isn't true. Large parts of the UK (mainly Scotland and Wales, iirc) were given EU-subsidies to enhance the economy there. The UK Government even fought tooth and nail for farm subsidies that benefited the rich.
Apart from that, the UK has paid less (relatively) to the EU than other countries. They had an exception for years that other countries didn't have.
I'm not saying the EU is a great and flawless institution, but like in most other EU-countries politicians love to impose their own domestic political agenda through the EU and then blame the EU. That's exactly what happened here.
This is not an answered question, although there are answers for similar questions, which you've gotten many of here.^1
To say it's innate means it happens on its own and automatically. Many people here are saying it's because your brain can't handle the stimuli of both the kiss and visualization.
However, that does not make the act of closing your eyes innate. For many people, myself included, it feels more natural leave the eyes open.
Interestingly, monkeys do not necessarily close their eyes while kissing.
So my guess is that it's not innate because it's not universal, but I don't have a hard-and-fast study to back this up.
1: In Thinking, Fast and Slow, Daniel Kahneman points out that when faced with a question we can't answer, we often substitute a similar yet easier question without realizing it. For example, if we can't answer the question, "is this behavior innate?" we may instead answer the question, "is this behavior influenced by some biological limitation which makes the result of closing our eyes more likely?"
Guys' voices resonate in the chest and throat whereas girls resonate in the mouth. At puberty, a guy's voice drops because the chamber that hold his vocal chords gets larger, meaning that bigger (lower) waves can resonate. A transgender woman can make her voice sound less like a guy's voice by using muscles in her neck to squeeze her throat and force the air to resonate in the mouth instead of the chest. If you take an app such as Audio Spectrum Monitor, you can see that it recognizes the base frequency that you'd normally think of as the main difference between guys and girls (girls normally speak at and above 160hz, guys normally speak below this frequency). But you also see that you resonate at several other frequencies at the same time, which is what makes your voice unique. Guys will resonate at lower frequencies, and girls at higher, even if their base frequencies are both the same.
Source: transgender woman learning how to not talk like a guy.
Here's the link, thanks a lot man!
Even though it's a fairly simple game, it took me around 8 months to make it. I did all of the programming/game design. My friend Andrew did the music, and my friend Zack did the art. Again, thanks a lot for downloading it!
Many of us in the programming community use f.lux on our computers. It's free and automatically turns off "blue light" which is apparently the stuff that messes with your circadian rhythm (keeps you awake late at night).
Home Mortgage Interest Deduction
Hope or Lifetime Learning Tax Credit
Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit
Earned Income Tax Credit
Social Security--Retirement & Survivors
Social Security Disability
SSI--Supplemental Security Income
Welfare/Public Assistance Housing
Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/List_of_government_entitlement_programs#ixzz1TkBvl8er
Honestly you can go on Amazon and get quality beds. I bought a memory foam queen mattress online for $300 shipped. I worked as a delivery driver for a mattress company for 2 years, and I can verify that this mattress is on par with the quality of our supposed "$2000" memory foam mattresses. Mark ups are INSANE. My boss would spend around 2k for a delivery from the manufacturer, which would contain something like 6-8 full beds (mattress, boxspring, frame). Each of these would sell for between 1k and 4k with delivery, varying only somewhat in quality. Only the really low end "discount" beds were noticeably less comfortable. The one I picked up online stands up to many of the luxury beds I've worked with, its the best mattress I've ever slept on. 10/10 would buy a bed from Amazon any day and probably from here on out.
Edit: for those who have been asking, here is a link to the one I picked up: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01NH0XWNU/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apa_gS3ZAbADH6PPE
i bought a day bed with a wrap around frame that keeps my bedding from touching the floor.
similar to this
with interceptors on the feet, i have a line of cimexa around my entire room, and spray a residual every couple months.
i've lived in this apartment for 8 years and never had bedbugs.
but i had bedbugs in my last apartment and still have PTSD because of it.
my landlord told me the neighbors 2 floors below me found them, and i almost cried. went through all of the rooms in the house and laid down defenses again. it's been a couple months now and still haven't seen any evidence that they moved up.
it still freaks the shit out of me.
Copper IUDs are also prone to making periods far more painful and bloody.
>Side effects associated with ParaGard include:
>>Bleeding between periods
>>Severe menstrual pain and heavy bleeding
To people reading this considering IUDs or anything, as always, do research, but most importantly, ask your doctor!
I'm not familiar with the show, but the premise of the idea is not dissimilar to Freenet, a P2P network in which nodes donate an amount of storage and bandwidth the network which is used to store and transmit the files there.
Could be a symptom of carpal tunnel. Keeping your arm bent while you sleep could be putting pressure on that bundle of nerves if you are susceptible to carpal tunnel.
Edit: Since I'm being downvoted, I'll throw it out there that my doctors kept bring this up as a symptom of carpal tunnel. Mind you, not the only symptom. A quick google seems to mention it too. https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/carpal-tunnel/carpal-tunnel-syndrome#1
I personally did not experience weakness after waking up but that may be due to the fact I'd been wearing a brace while I sleep for years. Note I said "Could" as in a possibility and not a definitive solution.
There is a whole book about this sort of question: <em>Negative Math</em>, by Alberto Martínez.
Basically, it's possible to come up with alternative arithmetic systems in which "minus times minus equals minus", but they would not have the nice consistent properties that we want out of conventional arithmetic.
The same goes for defining the imaginary and complex numbers. There are different ways we could have defined them, but the way that we do define them makes them work out correctly for various purposes, both in pure math and in applied math and engineering.
It's hard. Benchmarks are about the best we can do right now. The reason for this is these processors do a ton of different tasks. Even benchmarks usually target specific tasks so it is hard to build a benchmark that will accurately reflect all that the processor is capable of without handing the development over to Intel, haha. FLOPs are a better measurement than plain clock frequency but they are specific to floating point operations which is definitely not everything. Unless you can build a benchmark for your specific usage habits, your best bet is the widely available benchmarks.
There are also some parasites that suppress the immune system. There are people that purposefully ingest them to help with allergies.
[Here[(https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/08/12/489619045/could-worms-in-your-gut-cure-your-allergies) is a good story on it.
This book "Nutrition and Physical Degeneration" is about this. A lot of the reason for bad teeth among modern diets is what he calls "white" foods. White rice, white potatoes, white flour, white sugar, and food brought by the white man (canned food, fast food, processed food.)
The people eating the traditional pre-colonial diets had great teeth. Near-perfect teeth were the norm, not the exception.
Both symbols were popularized by political cartoonist Thomas Nast in one of his more famous cartoons. Take a look here
The choice of the elephant to represent Republicans was rather arbitrary. The choice of the donkey to represent Democrats has its roots with President Andrew Jackson, whose political opponents called him a "jackass" for various reasons. Jackson took it as a compliment and would use the image of a donkey on his campaign posters. It was quite fitting, considering his stubbornness.
Neither party had actually chosen those animals to represent themselves, but the popularity of the cartoon lead to the eventual adoption of those animals.
The situation and why France is a target is quite complex, and unfortunately your're going to get largely "because Muslims hate progress" answers. But reality is it's not quite that simple. Part of the issue is that France, while it tries to claim it's progressive, is really not. This question/answer already goes over the issues going on within France: https://www.quora.com/Why-are-there-so-many-more-terrorist-attacks-in-France-than-anywhere-else-in-Europe
So you have France, which is progressive but also has this uncomfortable underlying racism that it would rather not admit to, and you have immigrants realizing that France sucks for them but can't really go anywhere else. Throw in extremists capitalizing on this situation by convincing young men that the situation will never change unless they blow shit up, and you have terrorism.
And what the "Muslim's are bad, M-kay" brigade doesn't realize is they contribute to the recruitment of Muslims by painting the entire religion with the same brush. "There are Muslim extremist terrorists, so therefore all Muslims are extremists."
They fail to realize there are also violent white rightwingers and they'd really hate it if we said anyone who was a right wing conservative in the US was a domestic terrorist due to McVeigh.
So, just remember things are not as simple as people wish they could be.
Since everyone here is pushing the official mainstream US narrative, I guess I'll play devil's advocate. What OP hopes for won't happen so long as the US continues to act deceptively towards Russia. No, we don't want to spread democracy. We want to dominate the world economically and politically. Gain greater access to foreign markets and resources. Ever since the end of the Cold War, and despite early assurances to the Russians, we have continued to push further and further into the traditional Russian sphere of influence by supporting the expansion of the EU and Nato to include the Baltics and Eastern Europe. We began installing antiballistic batteries in those host countries and told the world it was to protect Europe from missiles from rogue nations. Lie. It was to undermine Russia's nuclear ability to defend itself. Next we orchestrate a coup by undermining and destabilizing, with the help of a fascist opposition, an elected government in Ukraine. We did this to inch closer to Russia as well as secure our position in Ukraine. This is how it works. We give this new puppet goverment tons of IMF and WB loans we know they won't be able to pay and eventually default. Then our econ hitmen swoop in and restructure the loans, force austerity measures as a condition, which forces them to privatize public services and state enterprises in order to sell them to US firms at firesale prices. It's all about privatization which is nothing more than a means to grab markets and resources. This the the Washington Concensus. BTW the 1% benefits from this, not 99% of Americans. All this aggression and deception is to prep Russia for the same fate. Now we have US troops in Ukraine and Poland, further projecting US power closer and closer to the Russian border. How is that not provocative? How would we like it if they stationed troops in Canada and Mexico. So yeah, there you have it. A different take. Downvote away and then go read "The Shock Doctrine".
Just a note that nowadays the SNR is considered to be fight/flight/freeze. Freeze response is just as common in nature but was largely ignored by psychology researchers due to a lack of access to female test subjects, who skew toward freeze more often than fight. I can't recommend The Body Keeps the Score enough, which goes into very deep and well-researched detail regarding trauma, anxiety, depression, and the body's response to it.
Hey! Try not to suck any dick on your way to the parking lot.
> since the Council at Trent
No, Latin was always a liturgical language of the western rite, also before Trent and after Vatican II.
> it was required knowledge for Catholics
It was never required. You can attend Latin Mass without knowing Latin and still understand everything because there are constant parts which you've memorized and form variable parts you can always read the translation in a daily missal, a very popular book before Vatican II. It is also worth noting, that literal understanding is not THAT much important as post-Vatican II generation tend to think, Mass attendance can be more contemplative.
> Tridentine Mass
It's a commonly used name but it carries a misconception that it was created at the Council of Trent. No, it existed long before, gaining it mature form around VI century. What the Council of Trent did was quite the opposite of creation - it banned various younger rites leaving only this ancient one and forbade modifying it.
> until 1962
Latin Mass still exists today and is regaining popularity.
> decided you could be a good Catholic without speaking Latin
No such things was said at Vatican II. What the Sacrosantcum Concillium constitution did was allowing more extensive use of vernacular languages in the liturgy.
It's not really delayed, it just happens irregularly. Here's a graph showing the past reversals. Black is like today, white is flipped. Notice the flips take place at irregular intervals.
> 4G was introduced in 2008 with smartphones in mind. It transmits data at speed of at least 100 megabits per second.
4G LTE as introduced in 2009 had a maximum downlink speed of 100 megabits per second, not "at least".
In practice, even today in 2019, 100mbps would not be typical for a "4G" connection. The very fastest 4G averages in the world (Singapore, some European countries, South Korea) are still below 50mbps.
These youtubers are dubbed as "micro-influencers" in the advertising industry. They are expensive, but better when the micro-influencer's viewer base overlaps with your target demographic. Sort of like how billboards are wildly inefficient compared to Google ads for general brand awareness, but if it advertises a specific location nearby it actually becomes much more cost efficient.
Micro-influencers are useful when you have an exact target demographic who is strongly correlated with a channel. An extreme example would be League of Legends youtubers getting sponsored by and other sites specifically tailored to League of Legends. NordVPN generally sponsors computer and STEM youtubers who have an audience who is much more likely to see the value than the general public. Even something like Me Undies, just by virtue of also being an online service, sees more success when sponsoring podcasts than it would buying Google ad space for the general public.
It seems random to young, tech-savy people but there are so many boomer and elderly people who would never buy these services, and never see them.
This is different than something like Coka Cola or McDonald's, which have such a massive swath of the general public as a target audience that it's way more cost effective for them to spend on traditional advertisement.
As a sidenote, Bounty has recently been investing in micro-influencers, most notably Bill Nye and Veritasium. It's kind of a bold marketing strategy to try to reach a younger audience by touting your brand as scientific. This illustrates how micro-influencers are becoming more cost-effective with time; especially the ones that aren't so micro.
>The deckle edge was unavoidable until the 19th century, a byproduct of the papermaking process. Since it became unnecessary, the rough edge gradually turned into a status symbol. Advertisements for books in the late 1800s are rife with mentions of a “deckle edge” alongside the fine paper on which a title was printed. But even that aspect has begun to fade as modern book buyers do not know what to make of it.
>Paper begins as a suspension of fibres in a water slurry that is drained through a screen. A frame temporarily placed around the screen to restrain the mixture in place is known as a deckle. A papermaker lifts the deckle after draining sufficient water and before pressing the paper with felt and continuing the process to a finished sheet.
>The deckle cannot make a perfect seal against the screen, and fibres seep under its edge, which creates the rough-edged pattern. Before the era of continuously produced paper, which began with the invention in the early 1800s of the so-called Fourdrinier machine, all paper had a deckle edge. That edge could be trimmed or not. Sarah Werner of the Folger Shakespeare Library says there appears to be no rhyme or reason in the books she has examined as to why one might be shorn of roughness while another reveals the papermaking process. Timothy Barrett, an expert on historical papermaking at the University of Indiana agrees. He says the fashion for deckle edges has waxed and waned, though the edges were mostly trimmed.
From here: http://www.abebooks.com/blog/index.php/2012/07/16/deckle-edges-or-uncut-edges-on-a-book/
In the last month they gained an enormous amount of traffic, and going up almost 40,000 positions in the worldwide ranks of the most visited websites, reaching #20,000~ while reddit went down from 24th position to the 32nd in just 3 months.
Basically wherever possible they try to avoid trenches and go around, or go through the parts that are the shallowest. Different countries have different standards for "too deep" when it comes to cable routes, but generally speaking, they tend to try to avoid depths any deeper than around 6000 meters. By the way, I just remembered, despite what I said about them burying cables in trenches (which is accurate), deeper than around 1500 meters, they just leave the cables free on the ocean floor (as no human activity would go that deep really, and the conditions are far more stable). The other reason they try to avoid the trenches is because they are inherently unstable, they're basically faultlines - earthquakes, landslides etc., - not a safe place to lay a cable.
EDIT You should check out this really good, simple primer for undersea cables at Quora.com, it gives a good insight into how it's done, including pictures and video of the sorts of equipment they use.
https://www.amazon.com/mberry-Miracle-Fruit-Tablets-10-Count/dp/B001LXYA5Q Right here. Turns off your sour receptors, I think. But the acid can still damage your mouth so don’t like, start chugging citric acid after you take this.
OpenVPN is what you're looking for. Link is for doing it at Digital Ocean, but it should apply anywhere that offers Ubuntu server (which is any hosting company, really). Some knowledge of Linux command line helps, but really if you're even kinda technical you should be able to get by with copy paste and figure it out.
One thing to note is that this is not a good solution for doing illicit things. Your home ip will not be tracked, no, but your server ip will be. That server is yours and linked to you personally. Great for Netflix, not for torrents.
I can rent a movie on iTunes and begin streaming it right after I press purchase. The screen caps I got was from their movie trailer website. If you compare the World of Warcraft trailer on Youtube to the one on iTunes, it's a noticeable difference, even with the color.
The best documented explanation reveals that the sign evolved out of the Spanish and Spanish American scribal abbreviation "ps" for pesos. A study of late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century manuscripts shows that the s gradually came to be written over the p developing a close equivalent to the "$" mark.
Should probably add: source
Unironically I wrote a short noncommerical "How to get started on a dirt bike" article for a moto discord
A 250cc four stroke will be plenty
A single oxycodone 5mg capsule, would cost the NHS about 20p (30 cents) according to the British National Formulary.
For Americans the BNF is the prescribers/pharmacists/healthcare professionals reference publication in the UK, produced by the Royal Pharmaceutical Society and the British Medical Association. It's published twice a year, this google books one is from 2013.
While everything that people are saying about immortals is true, it is important to mention that Achilles' mother had multiple children before him, who all died when she dipped them into the Styx. So even if you're a demigod, the odds are still great that you will die if you enter the river Styx.
You are getting a lot of different answers, as you should because this age of adulthood thing isn't fixed at all across ages and cultures. I found one interesting answer in The Time Traveller's Guide to Medieval England, which talked about how reduced life expectancy changes this idea a lot. According to the author, some towns allowed 12 year olds to sit on jury duty and have other adult responsibilities.
Look into the smartphone app Sleep Cycle.
Say you want to wake up for 7:30 (that's when I do.) When you go to sleep, you open sleep cycle, plug your phone in, tap "i'm going to bed!" and then put it face down next to your pillow. Sleep cycle then takes noise and movement cues from you and uses them to determine when you are in a REM cycle (deep sleep) and when you are not. It will wait until it knows you're not deeply into a REM cycle in the half hour before your alarm time and wake you up gently at the most opportune time in that half hour.
I started using it about 3 years ago, and it's changed my life significantly. If you're jolted out of a REM cycle, it's going to take you a lot longer to stop feeling groggy, sometimes hours. I noticed pretty quickly how much more alert i was before noon once I started using it.
It also gives you cool information and graphs it for you. Time spent in bed, sleep quality, how many REM cycles in a night. My sleep quality graph is cool because you can see when i had a week off vs when i was working 15 hours a day. You can also add notes like, "drank coffee after 3PM" or "worked out" or "long day" etc etc and when you tap going to sleep, you can add those tags to the night, and over time it will tell you how much better or worse your sleep is on the nights you tagged something vs your average sleep.
I digress. I highly recommend it.
EDIT: https://www.sleepcycle.com/ here's the app I use, for those interested.
Also, as said below, experience may vary when sleeping with a partner, because your REM cycles may not sync very well, and the app will be confused as to who it's hearing/feeling move.
"This song tells the story of a man who comes to Africa and must make a decision about the girl who comes to see him. He is enamored with the country, but must leave if he is going to be with her."
Read more in: Songfacts
It's a bug in CoreText, there's a crash log here if anyone's curious: https://ghostbin.com/paste/zws9m
Also, just because it crashed absolutely does not mean it had root access. It only crashes SpringBoard or the messages app, which both run as the mobile user, not the kernel or anything running as root.
Edit: Also no proof that it's a buffer overflow, could be something like a null pointer dereference. Bugs happen sometimes :)
Saruman was too confident in his own abilities. When he gazed into the palantir, allowing him to see into Sauron's mind, it allowed Sauron to see into him and gain control over him.
Friedrich Nietzsche said: "He who fights with monsters should look to it that he himself does not become a monster. And when you gaze long into an abyss the abyss also gazes into you."
I wonder if Tolkien had this in mind when he wrote about the palantir.
One of these. Slowly amps up the light until you realize you're awake. As opposed to "EH EH EH EH EH" and cursing the world. There are cheaper ones from other companies, different models that do bird sounds too, etc.
Think of it this way: my local supermarket is selling ears of corn for 50 cents apiece. Even at the lowest price you can find anywhere, I doubt you can get an ear of corn for less than 6 for a dollar.
Do you honestly think that farmers are fattening up their cows or chickens on corn that is that expensive?
You can buy a 50 lb sack of dried corn, retail, for under $20. It is probably made from many hundreds of cobs of corn. By the 50 cents an ear logic, that bag of corn should cost hundreds and hundreds of dollars. And keep in mind, when you are paying $20 for that tiny bag, that's because it's marked up a lot for the average retail consumer. Large scale farms are probably paying a small fraction of that price.
Nonetheless, actually dried corn is incredibly cheap (otherwise, feeding cattle grass instead would be a cost savings). That's because corn on the cob and dried feed corn are two entirely different products even though they're basically the same species (but different varieties). The oranges for orange juice are sold by the ton, not by the piece. You can by your own forty-foot container of juice oranges here, if you'd like: http://www.alibaba.com/product-detail/Summer-Oranges-fruit-Valencia_910528842.html?spm=a2700.7724857.35.1.AcQkYg
>Tough to do positive reinforcement if they never act good.
I ready a whole book on this. The author argued that there are always ways that a kid can be "less bad," and the trick is to reward those.
He gave an example of a kid in class who would get up out of his seat, stand on the desk of another kid, and stomp his feet. One time he didn't stomp his feet, and the author praised him for that even though he was still out of his own seat and standing on somebody else's desk.
The goal is to give the kid the feeling of being praised for doing something right. Kids crave attention, and if the only way they can get it is by being bad and getting punished, then that's what they'll do. But they are even happier being praised for good things, which is why you want to find an excuse to do that and get them started on this healthier path.
I'm not saying it's easy, but I found that this style of thinking was helpful in raising my daughter.
Great book I've been reading is The Mind of Madness by Richard Bentall. It talks a lot on how our current system of diagnosis is largely just built upon trends we went with back in ye olden days. Great read on how and why we diagnose the way we do and questions whether it's truly the best way to do it.
EDIT: sorry guys I got it confused with a different book! Title is Madness Explained. Has a pic of Van Gogh on the cover on Amazon.
He's not talking about pre-roll ads, he's talking about sponsored videos where the video creator actually talks about the product. NordVPN, ExpressVPN, Skillshare, Raycon, etc. You've probably heard about all of them before. And those are not targeted ads based on tracking your interests. They are obviously the same for everyone watching that particular video.
I read a book called Learned Optimism by Martin E. P. Seligman. In this book he talks about his research in how pessimism can lead to depression, especially if you also have the type of personality that ~~rummages~~ ruminate (cyclical thinking). He talks about how most people will go through depressed periods in their lives, but pessimistic people will not only get depressed more often, but stay depressed for longer.
It's an interesting read and has made me realize how important the mindset of how you think is. He gives you a method on how to change the way you think and learn to be an optimist.
edit: Rummages to ruminate (thank you /u/cold_iron_76)
You have to think of about duration and memory space. The longest video you will probably take with your phone is a few minutes long. CCTV have to be running 24/7 and storing it somewhere.
If you take a 2 minute video at 1080p (HD), the file can be minimum ~1GB.^^ That means over an hour, we are talking at about 25GB. Multiply that by 24 for a whole day, and we're talking 600GB. I don't need to tell you that 600GB is a huge amount. Especially only for one day.
Organisations vary on how long they keep footage but 30 days+ isn't a bad average figure to go on. ^^
30*600 = 18000GB = 18TB.
Now you may be thinking, Organisations can afford 18 1TB HDDs. Perhaps, but the setup and systems admin that is required to setup and maintain the storage also costs money and that 18TB is just for one camera. Multiply 18TB for each camera. Overall, CCTVs don't need to have HD footage.
CCTVs don't necessarily NEED to be able to identify people. That isn't their only purpose. Put on a mask, and the identification goes out the window. CCTVs do a good job at deterrence as well as recording events that may occur. Someone get attacked? The video footage may actually show that it wasn't self defense. High quality footage isn't needed in that case.
Do you have sources for this claim? I did some quick research and this seem to not be the case.
23andme has never given user data to law enforcement [source]
Ancestry.com complied with 1 request for a genetic match in 2014 [source]
note: Ancestry.com has complied with at least 52 orders for non-genetic or health information, apparently this is always in regards to credit card fraud.
He painted this when he was 15. Albrecht Durer is the only other artist I can think of who was capable of something like that so young.
Saying he was "sort of capable" is like saying Mount Everest or Kilimanjaro is pretty tall.
The fact that he had multiple periods shows that he was a brilliant man who never sought to rely on any one thing he created to make a name. He innovated his style.
He was also not poor, he was renowned for much of his life. You have no idea what you're talking about.
The Mayan and Aztecs can thank these guys for their culture.
Just because people live different lives doesn't make them inferior, it just means different things drive them.
Rapatronic shutters operate on the basis of polarized glass whos polarization depends on the flow (or lack of flow) of electricity through it. Two sheets of polorized glass are placed in front of the film medium. The polarization of these sheets are 90 degrees from one another and so no light is able to reach the film medium to expose it.
I forget what the exact mechanism at play is, but at the moment of shutter release an electrical impulse is sent to the front sheet of glass, altering its polarization to be in line with the second sheet of glass. This allows light into the camera and onto the film medium.
Because electrical impulses can be exposed to a much higher degree of accuracy than mechanical shutters, this enables exposure times of 1/1000000 second and shorter. To achieve multiple frames, they simply set up multiple cameras. There is no way to spin a mirror fast enough to capture those speeds.
Source: "How To Photograph An Atomic Bomb", a wonderful book about Harold Edgerton, who invented both the rapatronic camera and the modern electronic flash.
Edit : link formatting
There are many possible scams that this could be. Paypal has an extensive list on possible scams here. It sounds like it could be any of the following 3.
"You've been paid." Some fraudsters use spoofed emails to try to trick you into thinking that you have received a payment. The fraudster wants what you are selling for free. Log into your PayPal account and check that you were paid before you send anything.
"You have been paid too much." Fraudsters may send a spoofed email saying that you have been paid more than what you are asking for. For example, the fraudster sends you a spoofed email that says that you have been paid $500 for a camera that you listed at $300! He then asks you to send him the camera, and the extra $200 that he paid you by mistake-or maybe just $150 as a way to apologize for your extra trouble. He wants your camera and your money. Don't fall for it! Simply log into your PayPal account and check that you were paid before you send anything.
Verify through your PayPal Account. For example, if you receive an email that says that you have received a PayPal payment, take a moment to log in to your PayPal account before you send the merchandise. Do this to make sure that the money was really received, and that it was not just a scam email from a fraudster. And remember not to follow links in emails when you log in. The safest thing to do is to open a browser window, navigate to PayPal.com, and log in.
The full name and phone number are likely to make the fake email seem more legitimate. It's still possible that this ISN'T a scam, but that seems highly unlikely to me at this point. It's likely just a scam for her to give the car away for free.
>mid-14c., bluschen, blischen, probably from Old English blyscan "blush, become red, glow" (glossing Latin rutilare), akin to blyse "torch," from P.Gmc. *blisk- "to shine, burn," which also yielded words in Low German (e.g. Dutch blozen "to blush") and Scandinavian (e.g. Danish blusse "to blaze; to blush"); ultimately from PIE *bhel- (1) "to shine, flash, burn" (see bleach (v.)).
> Kubernetes, also known as K8s, is an open-source system for automating deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications.
Imagine you have a computer and you want to run a piece of software on it. So you just do.
Now imagine you have a thousand computers and you want to run the piece of software on a hundred of them --- and your coworkers have a different piece of software and they want to run it on some computers too and so on.
Instead of having a whiteboard and reserving computers, you run kubernetes, tell it what to run and how many (and some other constraints) and it figures it out for you.
From then on one does not worry about specific computers and what goes where, you just run your software on your cluster.
So much misinformation in this thread. $4 CPC certainly does exist,
in fact for many search terms it's even higher. If you can find a search term that's just $4 per 1000 clicks from google, I'd love to see it. Best of luck.
They filed bankruptcy last week. The last four quarters they have been bleeding more and more money.
(I have a feeling I'm going to get wooshed)
Length is greater than complexity.
obama would talk .002 seconds to crack
0bama is 5 times more secure, however that still means it's only .01 seconds to crack
You'd be better off doing something like, take your funky obama: "0bama"
and add the first 3 (uncapitalized) and the last 3 (capitalized) letters of the site you're on: "0bamaredDIT"
Then add your birth year, and some symbols (#@!, 321 backwards): "0bamaredDit1989#@!"
Now all^^1 of your passwords are different, easy to remember, and take 71 Quadrillion years to crack.
https://howsecureismypassword.net/ is a good tool to use
You can use your own password algorithm along with LastPass (or just use either or). LastPass is an awesome tool that will generate random passwords and save them, under security of your one main password
There are lots of how to books on Amazon.
Interesting side note: Why would a baby need to have a voice box high in the throat? Why not be born with a voice box in its proper location? Because having the low voice box stops you from breathing and swallowing at the same time-- if adults do that, we choke. Babies, chimps, dogs, cats... they all can breath and swallow at the same time without choking because for the high voice box (imagine a baby breast feeding and stopping to breath every couple seconds-- that would be weird). Adult humans can talk... but the trade-off is that we also can choke to death.
Properly utilized, cows also make land more productive through utilization of their manure.
Also, not all ranch land is viable as farm land.
If cows are exclusively pasture-fed (not grain-fed), they can be a net good.
Have any of you that are seriously reducing your meat consumption tag this book?
I'd be curious to know your thoughts if so.
I would clear your local storage first as it only seems that certain visitors to the website got the hack. If you did or not I don't know cause I don't know your browsing habits, but following the above instructions is smart.
As for you and what could have been targeted, I honestly couldn't tell you. We know that the server the hack was communicating with was up at some point, but we don't know if it wasn't fully activated or if the hacker already got whatever info he wanted. But again I don't know your browsing habits. For the meanwhile I would not visit Imgur until a public statement is made and clear your web storage. This seems to have been very limited in scope, but it is always better to be safe than sorry.
This is probably a good time to push my things that I have put on my parent's machines for internet safety which include Ublock and LastPass. Ublock for general script blocking and LastPass for password management.
As a man in his thirties who enjoyed the show, I’m going to suggest you read the comic. It’s MUCH more adult than the show.
Chilling Adventures of Sabrina https://www.amazon.com/dp/1627389873/ - (they changed the cover to promote the show) - it’s also free digitally for Prime Members.
Well, according to Cnet in 2013, 3 percent of America (that's roughly 2 million people) still uses Dial-up modem... so I imagine, in 2015, that AOL still manages to be an ISP.
The short answer: culture.
Your daughter has probably picked up on cues from you and your wife, including facial expressions, tone, mood, other media such as TV, etc. that would teach her that sad songs are sad. (As an aside, it used to be thought that facial expressions for basic emotions were universal, but the psychological literature on that seems to be reversing course. Now it's believed that earlier research on this topic was flawed in a number of ways, and that even our understanding of a "sad" face is learned).
In other cultures, musical scales and tones are strikingly different, and what we consider as "sad" would not be so there. For example, take a listen or look into common Indian scalar patterns. Even in our own Western culture this has changed. Plato has a thorough description in the Republic of what sorts of music is appropriate in his utopian city. He describes the various modes and gets rid of certain ones that he states are too sad and depressing, but the modes he wants to get rid of are more aligned with our modern major scale.
Came back to add a source, good book on the topic. To counter the other argument, it's definitely not innate (at least not entirely and not in the simple way "innate" implies). Zero modern research on the topic would support this view. Even neuroscientific research on fmri scans wouldn't argue that knowing sad songs are sad is innate (they would however argue that sad songs might appear uniquely in the scans, but the context has to be there). Anyway, here's a good read that also goes through a bit of the history on the recent literature. There's definitely a bias here, since Barrett has been doing research on this for decades and would obviously want to argue for it, but a lot of recent psychology still meets her part way:
It was a bit more complicated than Facebook printing new shares, but there wasn't any "clause" they invoked to dilute Eduardo. Some key points of what happened, mostly based off those IM (instant message) convos that were leaked last year:
Mark Zuckerberg wanted to cut out Eduardo, since he was failing at his job.
What he did was he created a new entity in Delaware to acquire the existing company in Florida (he had to do this anyway -- Delaware is far more corporate friendly).
In the old company, Eduardo owned about 30%. In the new one, he owned 24%.
Then Eduardo signed an agreement for his 3 million shares but had to give up intellectual property rights. This was big.
Then Facebook pulled the rug from under him. Zuckerberg issued 9 million more shares, none of which went to Eduardo. It kept getting diluted from there.
There's quite a good explanation on Gawker that goes into the process into more detail: http://gawker.com/5643915/
Basically though, there were several rounds of dilution before Eduardo realized what happened. There's no clause, though. Still, he's got well over a billion dollars now, so he can't be too upset. You'd think.
Well a slight correction. Machine code can be understand by humans, which is a given considering that humans invented it in the first place.
Sure, writing direct 0 and 1 is unfeasible if only for the sheer amount of typing involved, but there is basic assembly. Without the usage of macros and other techniques to make even assembly more friendly to the programmer, assembly is essentially writing direct machine code.
And assembly is still written in certain industries to this very day.
Programming in high level languages is done because it removes so much work from the programmer. Just as an example:
The x86 function for ADD is split into 14 different types.
While adding 2 things in a high level language is as simple as writing 1+2, in assembly and therefor in machinecode you have to load the numbers from the correct memory location into the correct register for your chosen ADD command before you can actually use the ADD.
Doing this isn't impossible. In fact, Chris Sawyer wrote almost all of the original Roller Coaster Tycoon in x86 assembly.
Yes, forgetting things is common with ADHD. What needs to be done is externalize everything he needs to remember, like tasks, chores, and assignments. Anything that's time-sensitive. Make them physical and easy to see. Lists, calendars, whiteboards. Amputees need prosthetic limbs, crutches, or wheelchairs in order to get around, right? Well, people with ADHD need prosthetic tools to mitigate our disorder, too. Our prosthetics take the form of medication, external memory storage, and external motivating forces, among other things. As for losing things, it would be extremely helpful to have one single definitive place for each thing he loses. This book targeting ADHD-friendly organization systems might be helpful.
They both mean the same thing. Which version you use depends on where you live - gray is generally the version used in the USA, grey the one generally used in British English. See the n-grams (taken from google books). Try changing to different versions of English in the dropdown.
Edit: minor edit to clarify the last sentence.
This article explains it well. Basically, the clock did not start in that frame. The touch was after time would have been called if the timer was working, and it should not have counted.
>Germany's Britta Heidemann and South Korea's Shin A Lam had already fought to a draw in regulation. Whichever fencer got a touch next would move on to the gold medal round of the Women's Individual Epeé. There was one second left on the clock in the extra frame.
>The clock never started! So Heidemann had more than one second to land the winning touch. At the very least, whether she landed it in time was highly in doubt.
This article says they would go another round, but as I understand it and your article also says, Lam had a ~~higher~~ priority ranking so after one tie-breaking round with no winner, she would have been the default winner and gone onto the gold medal round.
She didn't leave the piste because:
>In fencing, leaving the piste means that you have officially accepted the judges' ruling. And seeing as the clock didn't start, and she should still have a shot at gold, she sat down. It's the filibuster of fencing.
It really is daunting when you'r starting out. I used Can you run it to see what the recomended hardware is for a game I wan to be able to run and then use sites like ~~GPU Boss~~ anandtech to find how it compares to other cards and weather or not I want to spend a little more or a little less on an alternative card.
This needs to be up higher. 1990s-era Microsoft barely spent any attention to lobbying and Washington politics. They weren't very politically savvy and resisted the idea that they need to take part in the game of lobbying. An example of this in the late 1990s was when they asked Congress to reduce funding for the DOJ's antitrust division. That mindset obviously changed after the antitrust trial and settlement.