I highly recommend Clozemaster.com if you really want to get into learning other languages. It gives you a sentence in your target language with a word missing and the translation of the entire sentence written below, and then you have to select the correct word from four choices to fill in the blank. Once you know more of the language, you can turn of the multiple choices and type in the correct answer directly and score double points.
Here are the available languages to learn: https://www.clozemaster.com/languages
...and there's also a subreddit: /r/clozemaster
Spaced Repetition System i.e. you see a word once, then it comes up a day later, then a week later, then 30 days later, etc.
Anki, Memrise, Lingvist, Clozemaster are some examples.
For me I do 5-10 minutes of Clozemaster https://www.clozemaster.com/languages/learn-dutch-from-english
This is general vocabulary based on frequency used
I also use Readlang.com to read novels and it also has an SRS built in, which I only use for new words that I encountered while reading. Italian: https://i.imgur.com/9NOWBYX.png
Congrats on passing the B2 exam! I'm working on a project for intermediate-advanced language learners that you might find useful, https://www.clozemaster.com. Its aim is to improve and expand vocabulary and comprehension skills in a productive and fun way. It's also free!
It's in the hardest language group to learn for native English speaker as seen in this image and i'd assume it goes both ways.
Try Clozemaster! https://www.clozemaster.com/ It's built for exactly this post-Duo phase and it's aim is to learn language in context through mass exposure. Hope it's useful! Also I'm the creator - let me know if you have any language requests or feedback!
Thanks, I learned it for 15 years in school. When I started with English I could not believe how easy it was compared to German.
Basque is on Clozemaster! https://www.clozemaster.com/languages#eus-everything For anyone looking to gain exposure in a fun way, Clozemaster is gamified language learning in context. Hope it's useful! Also I'm the creator - let me know if you're learning Basque from another language besides English and I can try adding it.
Try Clozemaster! https://www.clozemaster.com/ It's built for exactly this purpose and using sentences from Tatoeba. I'm also the creator - if you have any language requests or feedback please let me know! Hope you find it useful!
Depends on a lot of different things. Mainly similarities to your own language.
Chart for English native speakers
Duolingo is the first thing I would start out with. It really helps you to understand basic grammar without being boring. Some other resources you might use are Memrise and Clozemaster. Memrise is good for learning more vocabulary while Clozemaster can help you have a better sense of how to form sentences while still teaching vocabulary. Those are only a couple of examples. You should look for more on this subreddit's wiki here.
Here is a cases table
Under "Verben" you can see that "essen (isst)" requires Akkusativ (Akk.)
Combine the knowledge with the gender of the nouns (Erdbeere fem.) (Zucker mas.) and you have the corresponding article.
I spend a lot of my language-learning time these days on Clozemaster, which typically has a considerably larger lexicon for review than is available on Duolingo. They have a German course with over ninety thousand sentence exercises:
As others have said, it is always a good idea to diversify your resources for language-learning. Myself, I have a friend I can message with in my target language, and I also like to watch YouTube videos about aspects of the culture of the country of my target language. Finding music to enjoy in that language also helps a lot. You can also find the subreddit in that language and browse around—that ought to give you a good taste of the colloquial language, whenever you are ready.
This is a very ignorant comment. Generally in Chinese, many characters are comprised of smaller, simpler characters as well as what are called radicals. All you need to describe is which radical and character combinations to use. Chinese dictionaries are generally sorted by radicals. Yes it’s a complex system, but it’s not arbitrary.
This page does a pretty good job of explaining radicals and how they are used.
Ci is for masculine personal nouns, or groups containing males. “Te kobiety” is correct because “kobieta” is feminine. Some details about demonstrative pronouns here.
Check out Clozemaster. (Or should I say, Clozemaster ra check out kon. lol)
For anyone who has relatives who want to learn English, you can do English from Persian, too.
/r/farsi has other resources listed in the sidebar.
You can find the answers to those questions on the Clozemaster website https://www.clozemaster.com/about
Clozemaster also has it's own subreddit /r/clozemaster
and the creator is a redditor /u/wakawakafoobar
Unfortunately, there are likely fewer textbooks available for Polish than Japanese. Check out the books (and some sites with exercises) listed at this link: Clozemaster Blog - The Best Resources for Learning Polish.
I've been using Clozemaster for a while now for both Spanish and Italian.
I find the 'cloze' method is my favorite for maintaining and learning vocabulary. Compared to Memrise or something where it gives you 'contento' and you select 'happy'. Cloze tests expose you to the other 10 words in the sentence and also provide context. It's also why I like Lingvist (no Italian though).
I usually aim for 1000 daily xp or around 10 minutes a day. It's a good supplement/refresher then I move onto reading Harry Potter, Netflix, writing or whatever.
If you just finished the Duolingo Tree I would do the Fluency Fast Track version. For my Italian it's almost done with 2,000-3,000.
One negative/positive is that it throws different verb tenses at you so you should learn conjugation from another resource
If you'd like to combine vocabulary learning with a method of indirectly acquiring grammar too, I'd recommend Clozemaster. You fill in missing words from sentences in your target language, while you can also display a translation in your base language. Since you see the vocabulary in the context of a whole sentence (which sometimes is an idiomatic expression), you basically build up a bit of a "feel" for the grammar, even without particularly focussing on it.
Here's to reaching your next milestone of 1000 :) Enjoy!
I believe it's called laddering and B1-B2 seems like a good start to try it. Obviously you'll find more resources available in English.
Duolingo doesn't have a German -> Italian course yet but there's clozemaster for vocab
Nice, congratulations! :)
I just hit 100 yesterday for Polish, and I'm also really enjoying the crowns system. I'm a little over a month in and I'm starting to feel very comfortable with a lot of the grammar now, which is a really nice feeling.
Once you finish up your tree, you might want to look into https://www.clozemaster.com/. That's my next stop after finishing my tree in a couple of months.
https://www.clozemaster.com/ is a website where you can learn a language through mass exposure to vocabulary in context. There are a lot of languages available including Mandarin Chinese. It's also available as an app for iOS and Android. The vocabulary is split up in different HSK levels. It's fun to do and a great way to learn new characters.
Clozemaster might be useful! The goal is mass exposure to vocabulary in context. https://www.clozemaster.com/languages#rus-everything Try the fast track for Russian - you'll see 44k unique words in context in order of difficulty. I'm working on adding the fast track for Polish too.
You might find Clozemaster useful, https://www.clozemaster.com/languages#rus-everything. The goal is to learn and practice the 10,000 most common words in context through mass exposure using a spaced repetition system (though less common languages may have fewer words or use random cloze words, but for learning Russian from English for example there's more than 200,000 sentences covering more than 8,000 words). The the sentence difficulty level is mixed, but having the context might nonetheless be useful. If you're using Chrome or Safari on desktop the text to speech is usually pretty good too.
In some versions of this chart (for example https://www.clozemaster.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/fsi-foreign-service-institute-language-difficulty.png), there is a slight distinction within the actual groups as well. According to that, Georgian is typically more difficult to learn than for example Icelandic.
In Korean, there are two different ways to count; 하나, 둘, 셋... and 일, 이, 삼...
Those two are called native Korean and Sino-Korean numbers, respectively. First one is used to count most objects, hours (eg. it's 1 o'clock -> 지금 한시예요), ages and the like. The second one is for measurements, minutes and seconds (eg. it takes 3 minutes to get there -> 거기까지 삼분 걸려요).
It get's annoying that when having to tell someone the time, you have to use both counting systems, but overall you get used to it pretty quickly.
Hard to say, as I definitely didn't go the most efficient route in learning Polish. I listened to Polish hip hop for many years, memorizing verses I barely understood, and looking up words I heard frequently. At some point I did the Pimsleur course, and a bit of the book Colloquial Polish, but I learned most of what I know within the past two years by LOTS of listening (podcasts mainly), reading, and doing Clozemaster. As I'm interested in translation, I've primarily worked to read/understand the language, rather than primarily using it to communicate.
Since your goal would be to communicate, I would recommend perhaps the book Colloquial Polish, in addition to watching Easy Polish on YouTube (intent watching - like, repeated viewings and noting down common phrase structures and speech mannerisms). You might also check out Polish Pod 101. There are some other good learner-focused podcasts out there, like Learn Real Polish and Polski Daily, but these are entirely in Polish and geared toward more intermediate-advanced levels. Actually, the Learn Real Polish guy (r/http://realpolish.pl) apparently has material geared toward beginners, but I haven't actually used it myself.
Edit: This might be useful: The Definitive Guide to Learning Polish. The writer, Adam, is a native Polish speaker who is very active on the Clozemaster blog/forum helpfully explaining various aspects of the language.
Clozemaster might be useful for reading practice and vocab acquisition, https://www.clozemaster.com/languages/learn-french-from-english.
There's the Fast Track which has the sentences/vocab in order of difficulty, one sentence per unique word on Clozemaster. There's also sentences grouped by word frequency, so you could practice words/sentences around the B2 level, though I'm not exactly sure what the level would be in terms of word frequency. I imagine if you're comfortable with sentences through the 20,000 most common words range that might be around B2.
I just added sentence groupings by word frequency for Romanian on Clozemaster in anticipation! https://www.clozemaster.com/languages#ron-eng (I'm the creator). There's also a 'Fast Track' option for Clozemaster Pro users that allows you to play a randomly selected sentence for each word on the frequency list in order of increasing difficulty - 3231 unique words for Romanian. Hope it's a good holdover and useful companion for the Duo course!
There's a bunch of really good shared decks here https://ankiweb.net/shared/decks/. I usually just download and import a shared deck and play with the default settings. Their manual is really good too if you want to customize your decks or the settings, http://ankisrs.net/docs/manual.html. A lot of people also just build a deck as they go with whatever notes/vocab/etc are personally relevant.
And a shameless plug for Clozemaster - Clozemaster Pro makes it super easy to build an Anki deck by favoriting sentences as you play and downloading them for Anki import later. https://www.clozemaster.com/
Mass exposure. It would be impossible not to become fluent if you can ever get through the 368,426 Turkish sentences on Clozemaster.com
/u/wakawakafoobar is the creator of Clozemaster
It might not be much help to give you even more sentences to work with, but this is a site that can probably help you out.
I doubt you can memorize 180k sentences :D, it contains semi to advanced vocabulary
Encouraged by the popularity of my article The Definitive Guide to Learning Polish, I decided to create another free resource that might be useful to both beginners and intermediate learners of Polish.
<strong>Essential Polish Phrases: 100+ Expressions to Sound Like a Polish Native</strong> is a compilation of six ~1500-word guides to Polish expressions used in various everyday situations.
One of the guides explains why “how are you?” isn't as common in Polish as it is in English, and why ”jak się masz?” shouldn't be your go-to phrase when you're aiming for a friendly greeting. Another will teach you how to introduce yourself to Poles and how to make basic small talk on topics such as your background, career, family, and hobbies.
(If you don't have the time to read over 9000 words, I put in a succinct TL;DR section for each of the articles.)
The six guides are followed by a list of about 100 fixed expressions and example sentences that might come in handy when travelling to Poland or interacting with Polish people in general.
I'd love for this to be a living, growing resource, so if you have any nagging questions or suggestions for phrases to be added, please let me know in the comments here or directly under the article. Thanks!
libro della grammatica https://www.amazon.com/Practice-Makes-Perfect-Complete-Italian/dp/125958772X
lettura A2 https://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_2?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=italian+short+stories
Clozemaster Fluency Fast Track for Spanish offers over 25k unique vocab words in context in order of difficulty. Otherwise you can also play by word frequency groupings.
Duolingo's teams are working on reviewing incubator content, and on researching the possibility of creating AIs to work as conversation partners for language learners. This second one is so huge and cool that I don't think they should take any resources away from it.
There are lots of places to practice and familiarise yourself with more complex sentences; clozemaster was created for this very purpose.
In addition to Duo, Anki and Memrise, Clozemaster might be useful as well! https://www.clozemaster.com/ Mass exposure to your target language with a focus on common vocabulary, all within a spaced repetition system.
I've personally found that Memrise is a great vocabulary tool for memorizing and cementing new words into your internal Russian dictionary. Overall, I would recommend their 'Top 10,000 Words' sets which can be found here and here.
Also, Clozemaster is great for learning vocabulary in sentence contexts.
I was in a similar situation to you, and I used the following to get back into the habit of learning:
Obviously every learner is different and what might work for one person might not work for another, but I do hope some of this might be of help to you. Good luck getting back into language learning!
Duolingo is only meant for beginner level material, so if you've been studying English for a while then it is probably not going to be suitable for your needs. It's not designed to teach advanced level material. If you want more advanced material then I would recommend using something like Clozemaster which is designed for intermediate to advanced learners or Lingvist which caters to learners of all levels.
I like ClozeMaster. It looks like a 90's video game. The app gives you sentences and you just fill in the missing word. You can choose to either type in the word, or choose from a set of four word options.
Each question (sentence) isn't too much effort, so you can just keep going without getting frustrated.
I use this deck for listening comprehension practice.
In terms of prepared SRS materials I have found Clozemaster more useful than Anki.
Form of the adjective changes based on grammatical case and gender of the accompanying noun. Check this out: https://www.clozemaster.com/blog/polish-adjectives/
Mam wrażenie, że masz już pewną bazę słownictwa. Jeśli czujesz, że jesteś na etapie, na którym warto skupić się na gramatyce, myślę, że dobrym pomysłem jest immersion (tu jest sekcja na ten temat). Polega to na otaczaniu się językiem, którego chcesz się nauczyć, czyli czytaniu książek, słuchaniu muzyki/podcastów, oglądaniu filmów/TV po polsku, poznawaniu polskich znajomych i tym podobne. To wszystko jest dostępne w internecie, ale jeśli lubisz i możesz, warto na przykład zakupić jakieś papierowe książki.
Najlepiej gdyby język tych materiałów był dostosowany do Twojego poziomu - jeśli materiały dla dorosłych są dla Ciebie męczące, spróbuj tych przeznaczonych dla dzieci, na trudniejsze przyjdzie czas później. Jeśli będziesz się forsował, to może doprowadzić do frustracji.
Niestety nie udało mi się znaleźć wiadomości napisanych prostym językiem polskim - tego typu teksty bardzo mi pomogły przy nauce japońskiego i niemieckiego.
Jeśli możesz, warto przy tym korzystać z kursów językowych, podręczników, czy aplikacji takich jak duolingo (w ostateczności memrise). Fajnym źródłem jest też tatoeba.org gdzie są dostępne tłumaczenia całych zdań.
Według ekspertów polski jest trudnym językiem i może wymagać 44 tygodni/1100 godzin nauki, żeby osiągnąć profesjonalny poziom. Dlatego nie martw się jeśli coś nie będzie Ci wychodzić - i tak już umiesz się trochę porozumieć, co jest wielkim sukcesem.
I na koniec najważniejsze - baw się dobrze! Rób to co lubisz - lubisz kino to oglądaj polskie filmy, lubisz czytać fantastykę to też jest dużo do wyboru. Jeśli będziesz zmęczony, odpocznij kilka dni. Gdybyś potrzebował jakiejś pomocy, możesz mi napisać PM:)
Hey there, if you don't like Duolingo but you're interested in that language learning method you might wanna check out Clozemaster. It has quite a few more functions that Duolingo and also tests you on commonly used sentences and expressions, rather than random, non-sensical ones. It has lots of different pairings so you can learn German from English or from Spanish, whichever works best for you.
Clozemaster also has a blog with heaps of articles explaining the various aspects of German grammar. You can see those articles here.
Hope those resources are of use. Best of luck with your German learning journey!
I don't speak Russian either, but you may want to check out LingQ. Not at the skill level to use it yet for Greek, but it looks promising as a reader & vocabulary builder. Clozemaster is also seen as "the thing that you do after you do Duolingo".
This blog post has a pretty solid collection of free Polish resources and a guide for starting to study the language
Edit: this post is dedicated just to compiling resources
Clozemaster is meant to be a good next step after Duolingo. You might also find this post on what to do after Duolingo useful.
Probably not quite what you're looking for, but Clozemaster has several hundred practice sentences for Piemontese (and several thousand each for Occitan and Galician if you're willing to expand the geographic boundaries of your study): https://www.clozemaster.com/languages
I studied Spanish in college but just enough to pass the requirement (202). Since then I've made way more progress on my own because I no longer find it a chore.
For Italian, duo is good in the beginning but definitely move on after 1-2 months. It's just to build a foundation.
I would recommend getting a book to learn grammar. Italian Conversation is very good, short, and explains grammar through conversations.
Also Clozemaster for vocab
and Coffee Break Italian for an audio course/grammar
I used those 3 together and they complimented each other very nicely.
I wouldn't use Rosetta Stone even if it were free. If you're looking to increase vocabulary with an app try Clozemaster https://www.clozemaster.com/languages/learn-german-from-english Then move on to books i.e. A2 graded readers
Also 7 months seems like a very long time to not hit the past or future tense. They're pretty common in every day speech and even more so in reading
¡Hola! We're producing a number of articles on learning Spanish and Spanish grammar over at Clozemaster and I thought this sub might find this one on Spanish connectors particularly useful. I'd love to hear what you think as well as if there's anything we might improve. I'm learning Spanish too, and I find these words and phrases to be super helpful, both for fluidity in my speaking and writing, as well as giving me something to replace "um" with while speaking.
You can check out the rest of our articles on Spanish here. We'll be publishing a bunch more in the coming weeks. If there are any topics in particular you'd like us to write about let me know! ¡Muchas gracias!
1) Start small. Learn 10-15 words a day. Start in the morning. Review at lunch and before sleep. Keep reviewing them throughout the week, even as you add new words.
2) Use new vocab in context. You can find context for words though WordBrewery or Clozemaster or simply Google. I personally use WordBrewery, but both programs are decent. They will give you sample sentences for the word you are learning.
3) Practice writing, saying the words out loud.
4)Try associating the word with similar objects, contexts, something hilarious, etc. For example, I had a friend who was learning German. She couldn't remember the word for 4. So I started saying, "don't fear the number four", because 4 in German (vier) sounds similar to 4. I would pronounce "fear" like the German word for 4. It stuck.
Already there! https://www.clozemaster.com/languages/learn-estonian-from-english Improving the language search is on my to-do list. I also want to eventually add the Fast Track and Most Common Words groupings for Estonian like other languages have, but hopefully random's a good start!
Clozemaster for practicing sentences.
Infanlibroj for easy books to read.
About 12,000 vocabulary words at Liberation Philology
Esperanto texts at Readlang
Clozemaster might be helpful for gaining mass exposure to vocabulary in context once you've learned the basics, https://www.clozemaster.com/. You can also select the difficulty level for some languages including Spanish.
Try Clozemaster! https://www.clozemaster.com/languages#pol-everything It's language learning in context through mass exposure. It's fun and free! Also I'm the creator - if you have any language requests or feedback please let me know!
You can try this site, it's fairly good for more vocabulary and make some use of your spanish
I'd also recommend starting watching movies in Spanish or shows, with subtitles in Spanish if possible!
Glad you like it! Hungarian added! https://www.clozemaster.com/languages/hun-eng/play/multiple-choice Let me know if you notice any issues or have any further feedback or language requests.
At the moment I'm looking to add more features and settings like hiding L1 translations via Clozemaster Pro. And with money made from Clozemaster Pro I'm looking continue adding features and growing the site, for example I'd really like to add more consistent cross browser audio support and for more languages, including Hungarian.
I do multiple lessons a week with tutors on iTalki. Asides from that, I just try and consume as much native material as I can in order to practice my listening. Usually I'll have a Russian radio station playing through my headphones while I'm browsing reddit / playing games / relaxing or watch some Russian Let's Plays. Some other resources I use of varying frequency are Memrise, Lingvist, and Clozemaster. The New Penguin Russian Course is a pretty good book to work with too. Another workbook I use is Поехали! 1.1, it's entirely in Russian but I work through it with one of my tutors.
I know a bit about the complexity of verbs.
But pronouns can be equally complex;
It actually varies depending on where you start. Most of those language lists assume you start from english.
Mandarin is not as hard to learn if you start from Japanese as if you start from English.
Languages tend to be grouped, when going among languages in your group you’ll have an easier time.
Goes over grouping.
Goes over why it can be harder from an English speakers perspective to give some context.
I did the same thing, I was using Anki consistently for about 8 months until I dropped it. I found a website (https://www.clozemaster.com/) which also has a mobile app for Android (and maybe IOS, not sure) It's similar to Anki, but the decks are pre-made, you can study by frequency so you can choose to study 100 most common words 500, or 50,000. It's pretty cool. And they put all of the words into sentences for context. I find it a little slower than Anki but much more effective in the long run. My daily goal is 500, but that's because I'm doing 6 languages. 1,000 is a pretty easy daily goal to achieve and you'll learn a lot.
Good luck :)
I think I found an explanation to take away all my confusion. If I say "jestem wysoki" wysoki is an adjective for the word "ja" which is inflected. Since the subject of the sentence is "ja" and according to this site:
"Polish adjectives always change their form to agree with the gender, number, and case of the word they modify, and in most cases, the modified word is a noun."
Which means that wysoki should be in nominative since "ja" is also in nominative.
Did I just crack the code or am I saying something that just happens to be true coincidentally?
For my game purpose, I would say use of a Phrase book, speaking with locals and hopefully having a native speaker help out, I would allow them to have the most basis use of the language in a month. maybe shorter if they already know language or roll a critical success. that may give them a 15-25 skill, but would take twice as long to have a conversation (trying to remember the word, look at the guide book)
this would allow them to at least get food, lodging and ask for simple direction. also allows for lots of misunderstandings and NPC getting offended. (did he just cal me a Cheese ear?)
blow is what more professional folks have to say on the subject.
If we are able to put in 10 hours a day to learn a language, then basic fluency in the easy languages should take 48 days, and for difficult languages 72 days. Accounting for days off, this equates to two months or three months time.
here is a basic primer on how long it takes to learn a language. https://www.clozemaster.com/blog/how-long-does-it-take-to-learn-a-language/
I'm not the best at explaining this but it's the dative and it's quite common in Latin languages. Îmi is the unstressed version.
For example you can say:
Îmi spală mașina - he/she is washing my car (unstressed)
Mie îmi spală mașina - (for me) he/she is washing my car (stressed)
It doesn't quite work translated to English as in English the dative is not used quite in the same way as it is in romance languages.
Here's a bit of a guide.
hindi ako sigurado pero dapat ata "Kiela, danke für die schönen ???"
at nasasalin sa "Kiela, salamat sa magandang ???".
Hindi ko alam ang "limmenangen" at kung pangalan nga talaga ang "Kiela". 😅
Kung nais mo na rin naman mag-aral sa sarili mong oras marami namang
sanggunian sa internet. Duolingo at Clozemaster para sa pang-ensayo at pagtuto ng mga salita, Lingolia sa pag-aaral ng gramatika, atbp.
It's so in-depth and explains many complex aspects of Polish really well. I'm using it right now for the exact same thing you are, actually. I love it. I've used a lot of language apps, but this one is just the absolute best- definitely beats Duolingo and Memrise. It has reviews, different "game" styles, and the best part is it has specific grammar quiz options (pronouns, prepositions, etc)
I don't have anyone in my life I can really gush about it to lol so here I am.
In Spanish, there's a special rule with definite articles (el/la) and days of the week.
When you want to say "On [Day]", you must use the definite article before the day. For days of the week it's always masculine, so you use "el". It functions like how the preposition "on" would in English, but it's just not how that works in Spanish.
So, "the game is on Sunday" becomes "El partido es el domingo".
Let's say someone asked you a question like "When is the game?" (¿Cuándo será el partido?). Answer: "El domingo" (On Sunday).
Hope this helps. See the link below for even more detail. Scroll down to the section that says "Using the days of the week in Spanish in a sentence":
Have you looked at r/learnpolish ?
Apart from discussion on learning Polish, they link to this list of resources for learning Polish
Don't learn words, learn sentences! The sooner you get this thought into
your brain, the better. Words without context are basically useless.
Sentences give you better understanding of where each word belongs, how
to decline them, the word order, the whole shebang.
Luckily, there is a large number of services that focus on sentences.
Lingvist, Duolingo (to a much lesser degree; at
this point it's more of a mobile game than a learning tool, really) to
say nothing about Anki and other software which lets you create your own
> Entonces, "el huracán está frente de la costa de Louisiana."
Sí. También puedes decir "el huracán está enfrente de la costa de Louisiana", "el huracán está frente a la costa de Louisiana"... yo digo "frente de la costa de ..." porque aquí en Canarias es más común usar esa opción.
> ¿Por qué hablan en español "Los tiburones están en la costa de Florida"?
Porque "los tiburones están a las costas de Florida" no suena nativo, suena raro.
> ¿Por qué usas esa preposición?
Porque es la preposición correcta en ese contexto:
> ¿Como sabes cual preposición de usar?
Porque hablo español nativo y entonces las preposiciones me salen de la cabeza de forma natural y automática, sin pensar en las reglas gramaticales, y porque además estudié Lengua española y Literatura mientras estaba haciendo el bachiller hace ya unos cuantos años:
I did the bulk of my foundational learning in high school, continuing it along into college.
That being said, https://www.clozemaster.com/dashboard is a fun little challenge tool to use that might be able to be of some assistance. Alternatively, Anki is a good flashcard app that might help out.
It also depends on what field you're working in - if you're looking to have a conversation about technical parameters on machines / chemicals, you might need a specific set of vocabulary, but if you're looking to just have a general conversation, exposing yourself to common words is a good first bet.
https://www.spektrum.de/ is a pretty basic news site
https://www.fluentu.com/blog/german/german-news-for-learners/ might be helpful (i was just googling easy german news - not sure on your level).
Just continue to look up words, make note of them, and study / learn them until they become more second nature.
There's https://finnlingo.herokuapp.com/login , which is basically a Duolingo clone for Finnish -- but it's a very short course with a couple of rough edges. I think it was created by one of the eleventy million people clamouring for a Duolingo Finnish course, to prove to Duolingo that the volunteer will and skill are there to build one. (It didn't help, though.)
Apart from that, https://www.clozemaster.com/ is one of the best interactive resources I know, but maybe not great for complete beginners. To get a start, http://tasteoffinnish.fi/ might be a good bet. Far less interactive than Duolingo or Clozemaster but it's a well-made course created by the University of Helsinki for visiting foreign students.
Grammatical gender is very versatile. Take German for example. The three genders are distinct in Nom and Acc, but them M and N have the same declension in the Dat and Gen, while F changes to the M Nom/Acc form. I'm not familiar with other gender systems in as much detail, but what you have should be perfectly fine.
Use https://realkana.com/ for hiragana and katakana(kana just means both of them together basically). Use that for a few minutes a day and you'll get good fast. As for kanji, like everyone's already told you, yes you need to learn a lot of them but it's not that hard, just takes a long time. Try using https://www.clozemaster.com or anki.
I have had the same exact life experience. Went to greek school for years. Hated every minute of it. Parents finally let me quit. 30 years later go to Greece for the first time - loved it! Decided to learn the language. 17 years afterwards I speak greek like an imbecile, but I'm getting better, and I'm guiding my children's language learning.
Lately, I have been using https://www.clozemaster.com (the free version) to learn at the "sentence" level. The primary challenges for me were discovering how I learn language the best, and finding someone to practice with.
Over the years I had success with programs that have both written and spoken components. Two very useful resources in that regard are the foreign language institute FSI program and the
Best of luck! Keep at it. Take breaks away if necessary, but find a way back to learning the language. It's worth it!
You might find Clozemaster useful too, https://www.clozemaster.com/languages/learn-french-online. Can learn from Swedish or English as the base language. It's an app built for intermediate learners to gain lots of exposure to their target language and improve their vocab as well as reading and listening comprehension.
Good article, but I do find the "old school" method of diagramming sentences extremely effective. It's great for testing your knowledge of the rules, and I try to use it often. Websites like WordBrewery and Clozemaster have made it much easier to do on the go.
Otherwise I just consult grammar books as I go.
I'm not sure if this is quite what you want, but clozemaster is something that has helped me with my written French, and you can practice English from a lot of base languages. It's essentially translation and type in the blank stuff. But if it doesn't have her native language that's not great. Duolingo has stuff for English in a variety of languages too. I'm not sure if that's quite what you're looking for, but hope it helps a bit. Both of those are free at least, and can be accessed on computer and on mobile apps.
With Clozemaster you can hear the sentence before you see it. It's gamified fill-in-the-blanks for thousands of sentences. You can also play sentences grouped by difficulty.
Clozemaster might be helpful for improving you vocab and getting lots more exposure like u/Raffaele1617 described. I'd also go with
Clozemaster might be useful, https://www.clozemaster.com/languages/learn-italian-from-english The goal is to learn language through mass exposure to vocabulary in context. There's currently over 200k sentences in Italian for English speakers.
Clozemaster might be useful for getting more exposure and expanding your vocab, https://www.clozemaster.com/ Otherwise if you're in the US Netflix has a bunch of shows with German dubbing and subtitles. I've also found reading books/news to be super helpful, even just a few paragraphs a day. https://www.italki.com/home is great for practicing speaking, but if speaking is too much I've also found writing to be a great confidence builder (more time to think through what you're trying to say, etc.), and http://lang-8.com/ helpful for getting feedback/corrections.
I'm learning German, not Dutch, but have some advice anyway.
I like to use duolingo every day, just to hit a goal of at least 30 so I know that I'll do some german every day to keep my streak, it doesn't necessarily teach you heaps but it does help maintain consistency, for me anyway.
Stick with memrise, it's a good tool, and when you have some vocab also start with clozemaster which can help with pretty much any languages, but is more a second step tool than a first step one.
Other things to consider include getting a grammar book (I personally really do recommend this), looking for podcasts for beginners, HelloTalk, and try to find a language exchange (might be difficult for Dutch if your not in Europe).
Sorry I can't be more specific but like I said my target language is German. Good luck!
That's incredible - congrats! What grammar books have you found most useful? Netflix has a bunch of series dubbed in German, might help with listening comprehension. You might also find Clozemaster helpful for expanding your vocab, https://www.clozemaster.com/languages#deu-everything. Would love to hear what you think and whether you find it useful in addition to Duo and Memrise.
https://www.clozemaster.com/languages#swe-everything Clozemaster is built for exactly this purpose - gaining mass exposure to your target language and learning vocab in context after completing the Duo tree / learning the basics. There are some paid advanced features but it's otherwise free. Hope it's useful!
Might all be useful for learning/practicing in your free time.
It worked! Thanks for the awesome shout out! :) And glad to hear you like Clozemaster!
Also added Polish from German for /u/Manedblackwolf and anyone else that might find it useful! https://www.clozemaster.com/languages/pol-deu/play/multiple-choice
You can add me as well. My user name on Duo is the same as here: MauriceReeves
While you're working on your Polish, I'd recommend you also look at Anki and Memrise, which helps with vocab, and there's a new site out called ClozeMaster that I really really like. They also have a polish course:
Just make sure you create an account (free) so it keeps track of your progress.
Bonus points, the creator of the site is a redditor, and usually very quick to respond and help. I summon /u/wakawakafoobar! (No idea if that will actually work, but he's been very responsive and cool on Reddit thus far, and made a very cool language learning site.)
One thing I did that I really enjoyed was to read The Little Prince in Cantonese link - I read a chapter each week and added all the words I didn't know as flashcards.
It was very helpful for learning vocab; it's not so easy to find books written in spoken Cantonese (sounds like kind of an oxymoron, I know)
That being said, it was a lot of work and took a lot of time - it certainly helped that I have quite the love for this book in all languages...
For other things, I find the Cantonese clozemaster and Anki Cantonese sets quite useful too.
It's missing a few of the tenses.
As clozemaster's latin course is purely random, and not ordered by "difficulty", you'll very quickly run into the difficult passages-- taken either from the bible, or from very flowery and loose translations of latin poetry.
Clozemaster is pretty good. It's basically flash cards, but one of the words is blanked out. You either choose the correct word from one of four options or you type in the word, depending on your preference. The words are also sorted by most to least common, so it makes it easier to build up a useful vocabulary.
German uses the three: masculine, neutral and feminine (as is often the case in Indo-European languages).
https://www.clozemaster.com/blog/german-pronouns/ <- this gives a good review on the topic.
I’m pretty busy as well, what I do to keep on track is:
- do a few lessons on duolinguo
- clozemaster it teaches you words in contexts and is fun. Plus, one round takes about 1-2min, so I can always squeeze it in my daily routine
So when I read those two statements I basically translate it as follows:
Paweł widzi swojego psa- Paweł sees his (own) dog
Paweł widzi jego psa- Paweł sees his dog (could be someone else’s dog, could be Paweł’s dog) you would need more context clues to determine if it’s Paweł’s dog or someone else’s dog. Usually it would probably mean someone else’s dog.
And yes I heard and said “mojego” in those types of situations when talking about my dog and I’m talking in the 1st person.
Also found this link as a helpful explanation on polish possessive pronouns
polish possessive pronouns
I am a native, yo aprendo ingles sounds like an awkard thing to say, unless there is context after it like, porque me gustan los idiomas. If you come and tell me yo aprendo ingles, I would go like…..and?
If you tell me estoy aprendiendo ingles, I would understand that you are actively learning it now and I could ask, porque estas aprendiendo ingles? And start a conversation.
This link has a nice explanation and yes it is used: https://www.clozemaster.com/blog/present-progressive-spanish/
My approach is to only learn the parts necessary to recognize the necessary forms and leave production for (much) later.
For example, English plurals: roof — roofs, hoof — hooves, zero — zeros, hero — heroes. Do these intricacies matter for recognition? Not at all, encountering any of these plurals in a text will not present problems for a beginner. The only trouble will be with trying to produce a grammatically correct sentence, but if the learner postpones this until after having read a lot of books, they will automatically have memorized lots of irregularities.
On the other hand, the word went does not quite resemble the infinitive to go, this irregularity has to be memorized to understand a text involving it.
Consider Romanian pronouns, which have a lot of forms. Choosing the correct one requires using a number of rules, but recognition is much simpler: for example, everything involving the letter v is “you” (plural), which is the only thing you really need to figure out the gist of the sentence. However, Romanian is a pro-drop language, so they often don’t include the pronouns at all, thus it’s essential to be able to decode the person from the ending of the verb. But once again, despite there being many possible forms, everything ending in -ți is second person plural, the learner doesn’t really have to burden themselves with -ați, -arați, -aserați and whatnot until a much later stage.
Having finished the English > Russian Duolingo tree, I am now working on the Russian > English Duolingo tree just because I think it's something nice to engage with when I'm not feeling so great. It offers very different sentences, and different kinds of vocabulary. That being said, I predominantly study with my tutors on iTalki. If you aren't taking tutoring lessons already, I would say that these are going to be where you get you're most investment for your money.
Clozemaster is often touted as the thing that you do after Duolingo (that was primarily their marketing grab). It isn't quite like Duolingo as it focuses on you figuring words out based on the context of the sentence but it should still provide you with a lot of extra vocabulary. There's goals to meet, and different ways of doing the lessons. There aren't structured units, but you can easily skip vocabulary that you're already really confident on.
Lingvist is a resource I really like and they do also have a Portuguese course. I'm not sure how long it is, but I do believe it is one of the shorter 'courses'. It's like Clozemaster in that it gets you working with individual words in sentences rather than translating entire sentences but I find it really helps me with my vocabulary. They also have lesson types for comprehension, listening, speaking, and so on. They also have a really good grammar section. Like Clozemaster you're not working through individual lessons like on Duolingo, but it really does cater to your learning style and knowledge. It isn't free, but it does come with a week's free trial and you don't need to enter any card details to try it out.