Librarian here. WorldCat does not show any results for a book titled "Ass Eating Made Simple".
Y'know... just in case you were planning to check it out from your local library.
I'm afraid the game's more complicated. According to this book, they have successfully moved their factories to Louisiana after being kicked out of Taiwan and South Korea. Then after a quick google, I see they've had lot of encounters all over the world with fines, pollutions, chemical spills, and other nasty shenanigans. Bottom line: with that much colorful history I don't know how anyone can call this latest episode an accident?
One important factor here is the American oil glut in the early 20th century. Diesel engines are more efficient, but American oil was too cheap for this to matter; "in 1938, it extracted nearly 60 percent of global output, compared to less than 15 percent produced in 2006 by Saudi Arabia". So there was little drive in the US to meet the engineering challenges of designing light diesel engines; GMC didn't establish its diesel division until 1938, after Mercedes-Benz had introduced the first diesel car in 1936.
In addition, it really is harder to engineer a diesel engine; they were heavier, dirtier, noisier, and less reliable for a long time.
Source: end of ch. 3 in Vaclav Smil's "Prime Movers of Globalization". http://www.worldcat.org/title/prime-movers-of-globalization-the-history-and-impact-of-diesel-engines-and-gas-turbines/oclc/839821680
The traditional 'execution speech' was to admit your guilt, and admit that you deserved to die. This is tied into the Christian faith and the belief that all people are sinners and must admit this in order to secure the grace of God. The king ordered the execution and was operating under divine right, therefore, absolving him and his agents of any wrongdoing, praising the king's justice, or begging the king's forgiveness were all part of this admission of guilt. Eg: 'I am guilty. I am sorry. I accept god's judgement, and I do not blame these mortal men for carrying out my sentence.'
Anne Boleyn did not admit her guilt (according to Lacey Baldwin Smith, she was unique in failing to do so), but she did absolve her executioners: "I have come here to die, for according to the law and by the law I am judged to die, and thereof I will speak nothing against it. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak of that whereof I am accused and condemned to die..." She then goes on the praise Henry VIII specifically, which was in part to mitigate this failure to admit her guilt and in part served a practical purpose.
Death by beheading was a more desirable way to be executed because it was quick and relatively painless (in comparison to being burned at the stake, strangled in a noose, or disemboweled). There was a realistic fear that being anything but submissive on the chopping block might have resulted in this quick/clean death being taken away in favor of a more agonizing method. Also, people who were executed were often leaving family behind, and didn't want those families to be further punished by the king (lands seized, titles revoked, etc.). Anne Boleyn had Elizabeth's future to consider. It was important that she not appear resentful towards Henry VIII.
The Math Invaders PC game from the mid-late 90's. We had it at school and it was fucking amazing, it was an FPS on a spaceship where you shot aliens and stuff, and to unlock every door you had to answer a math question. I've searched the internet so many times but hardly anyone seems to even know that it exists, I did find the disc for sale once but it was like $50USD (plus an ungodly amount of shipping to NZ) and it's doubtful whether I could even get a modern computer to play it anyway
I would pay a considerable amount of money for a digital version (legal or otherwise) or a disc that came with a method of playing it on Windows 7
Edit: Apparently there are a lot of similar games out there. It's this one: http://www.worldcat.org/title/math-invaders/oclc/37702110
Math Invaders by Simon & Schuster Interactive.
When two groups of people who initially have the same language become isolated, each group's language changes in different ways. That's essentially what happened when some English speakers migrated to America, and some stayed in Britain. Neither modern accent sounds like it did 400 years ago.
(Also, you'll notice people in the southern US have different accents from the north? That's due to the origin of the settlers; settlers came from different places in Britain that had different accents, so they brought their local accents with them, but each group that travelled together was generally from the same area.)
sources I remember reading this stuff from: Language Myths; Contemporary Linguistics; Language in the USA
He's also in recovery. I remember seeing a half hour documentary about 15 years ago called "They Call Me Mr. Trejo."
He openly talks about his drinking, drug use, being in a gang, and going to prison. Very inspirational.
In Steve Muhlberger's <em>Formal Combats in the Fourteenth Century</em>, he discusses particular instances of combat that were sufficiently formal not to just be two guys getting into a fight, yet weren't exactly part of warfare or battles.
Given the particularity of the examples Muhlberger uses, it seems to me that it wasn't something that happened as commonly as you might see in Arthurian romance, but that formal combat sparked by personal or trivial motives did happen.
http://www.worldcat.org/ is what you are looking for.
For example here are the results for Neitzche.
The user interface is not great, and you may have to refine your search a few times to really get what you are looking for, but it's extremely comprehensive.
This is a little more modern than my area of expertise, but if I recall my education, L. Yablonsky estimated between 200,000 and 400,000 hippies during the 1960s.
Not really, the hippie counter culture consisted of between 200-400,000 Americans during the 1960s. That's about 1 percent of the population. How many of them do you think continued the lifestyle for long enough that it would have had a dramatic effect on their life expectancy? source
The primary source for this is the CIA memorandum to the Forty Committee (National Security Council), presented to the Select Committee on Intelligence, (the Pike Committee) during closed hearings held in 1975 and then leaked to the press in 1976. It is found on pages 204-5 of the book called <em>CIA : the Pike report</em> published in 1977.
In the report, the CIA admits to giving one million dollars to center right parties in Italy in the run up to the 1948 general election. Additionally, Americans set up shortwave radio transmissions, letter writing and other propaganda campaigns in order to defeat labour and the Communist Party of Italy. There is also evidence that the PCI was funded by the USSR, but that lies outside of the scope of your query.
Finally, here is the Belgian Senate's investigation into the "stay-behind" network, also known as operation 'Gladio'. There is some evidence in this report and others that operation Gladio ultimately supported terrorist activities in Europe, including rightwing paramilitary activity during the Italian "Years of Lead" period of terrorist activity.
See if your library has them.
See if they could buy more.
Remember, the worst the librarian could say is "ook".
The VHS is available at some libraries. Nearest to me is the library at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.
Well, for starters there were a number of people who were able to successfully escape not only the ghettos, but the camps themselves. We have first hand accounts of people who got out. In Sobibor, there was a mass escape as well of nearly 300 inmates. Many were re-captured, but about 50 survived to the end of the war.
I've run into the same thing when Lovecraft shared a hotel room with Samuel Loveman in New York. I guess folks just want their favorite historical figures to engage in bundling or something.
It is fantasy fiction. There are wizards, demons, giant spiders, vampires, living mummies, and even the occasional dragon-that-looks-suspiciously-like-a-dinosaur. The works are not historically accurate to any period, because they are deliberately set before recorded history in a setting that draws on a lot of different historical periods. If you want a distinct real-life historical period, you should check out some of Howard's historical fiction in books like Sword Woman and Other Historical Stories, or even his boxing fiction.
In fairness, that's a very rare book potentially worth over $1000. There are copies of it for sale on abebooks.com (scroll down).
Your best bet is to go and see it in a library.
EDIT: It's worth $650.
He's wrong. Sweden's recidivism rate is nowhere near 50% let alone "way over 50%".
Sweden - source
>Recidivism rates for probation combined with short-term imprisonment were high; 34 to 38 percent had recidivated.
Note: the Swedish stats are based on all sentences from 1994-1999 and followed up until 2000
vs. USA -source PDF
>Data show that by the end of the five-year follow-up period, approximately three-quarters (76.6%) of prisoners released in 2005 were rearrested. Furthermore, the BJS found that most released prisoners were rearrested within one year of being released. By the end of the first year following release, 43.4% of inmates were rearrested
Note: I would have linked directly to the BJS.gov study but it's the slowest website I have ever encountered so I found an alternative in the Congressional report which listed the BJS stats in it.
In my own work, the place of publication has been important in two ways:
Raising historical questions. For example: Why did the Prime Minister of Portugal publish anti-Jesuit propaganda in France in 1758? Short answer, he was trying to enlist the Bourbon monarchs (France and Spain) to help suppress the order. Or, why was pro-Jesuit propaganda being published in Nuremberg in 1788? Short answer, Protestants in the Imperial free city could use the story of the Jesuit suppression to censure the Catholic Church for its corruption and politicization. So place of publication helps scholars ask better-informed questions about historical sources.
Assessing modern histories. Sometimes this is just about geographic bias. For example, if I want to read about the Viking-Age Faroes (in the North Sea), my best bet is a history published in Edinburgh, Scotland. But if I want to read about Finland, I'll probably look at a history published in Stockholm, Sweden. Sometimes this is about scholarly trends in a countries university system. For example, if I want to look at power relations and networks, the landscape archaeology of Sweden is a good bet. But if I want to look at perceptions or the experience of the landscape, then the landscape archaeology of England is a good choice. So if I already have specific questions and I'm working with a large bibliography, knowing place of publication can help me figure out where to start.
Plus, as others have noted, it can help track down an exact source. This is especially true if you're trying to track down a page citation from a text that's appeared in many different editions.
I don't have an answer to where the Schindlerjuden went to after Schindler fled, but I can try to shed some light on Schindler's rational. The worry was not being captured per se, but rather it was being captured by the Soviets specifically. Oskar Schindler, under the rules of the laws of war, was a war criminal. He was a war profiteer (by providing the Nazis with enamelware,) and he used slave labor (the Jews were not being paid, Schindler was paying the government to use slave labor). Obviously he has been largely vindicated for his actions in the eyes of history, but it would be a bit harder to prove that to a Soviet officer. So rather than face a potential summary execution, or being imprisoned in rather inhumane conditions, Schindler, as people far worse than he also did, decided to surrender instead to either the Americans or the British. Wernher von Braun (a key figure in the development of the American space program), for example, also made a similar decision as Oskar Schindler, and fled the Soviets so that he could surrender to the Americans. Over the course of the war, the British and Americans treated their POWs far better than the Soviets, and he likely hoped that he would more easily prove his case. For a very good book about Schindler, which goes to some length to deepen the picture of him and clarify some of the mythology about his life (created in no small part from the film, check out David Crowe's biography: http://www.worldcat.org/title/oskar-schindler-the-untold-account-of-his-life-wartime-activities-and-the-true-story-behind-the-list/oclc/55679121)
Or, you can literally check it out (or order it) from a library near you. Free karma for free advice about a free service, plz?
Edit: forgot link http://www.worldcat.org/title/starman-the-truth-behind-the-legend-of-yuri-gagarin/oclc/711758313&referer=brief_results
This is how I start researching just about everything academically, history or non. I am a librarian and I only teach information literacy in one-off settings, no history classes. But here's a general life-skill level overview to your question!
Open up Worldcat.
Hunting and pecking, try to find the correct library of congress subject heading for what I want to learn about. Usually not too hard, in this case, it's the wildly creative "Malaysia - History."
Look for a general overview-level academic book published in the last 3-5 years that is widely held in university libraries. (Librarians have already made a general professional call on quality by buying it, if you trust librarians, 1000 copies in Worldcat means 1000 librarians thought the book worth buying for one reason or another.) This means you'll have to pick through quite a lot of results but that's the game!
Work out from here, either working off the bibliography, or going back to the original search and finding slightly older and less general books. I would also start doing basic article searches around this step.
Rinse and repeat for every new intellectual whim! :) It takes me about 3-5 works to feel comfortable in a specific topic, 7-10 + articles to feel good on a broad topic. Time to get up to speed really depends on how much academic writing you're willing to pound through a night.
To quote Mettinger's The Riddle of Resurrection, which is probably the best survey of ANE gods and resurrection (Baal, Dumuzi-Tammuz, Adonis, Melqart-Heracles, Osiris, Eshmun-Ascelpius):
>The dying and rising gods were closely related to the seasonal cycle. Their death and return were seen as reflected in the changes of plant life. The death and resurrection of Jesus is a one-time event, not repeated, and unrelated to seasonal changes.
>There is, as far as I am aware, no prima facie evidence that the death and resurrection of Jesus is a mythological construct, drawing on the myths and rites of the dying and rising gods of the surrounding world. While studied with profit against the background of Jewish resurrection belief, the faith in the death and resurrection of Jesus retains its unique 1 character in the history of religions. The riddle remains.
Hmm ... I'll have another hunt around Gallica later, but contemporary depictions of the moment of his death suggest not. You can zoom WAY in and have a good look at how the guillotine was set up / how Robespierre's body is arranged.
Rayner & Stapley's <em>The French Revolution : 1789-99</em> contains eyewitness accounts of Robespierre's beheading; none of them mention the details you've described.
I can't see any compelling reason why Robespierre would have had to have been flipped onto his back. If anything, that would have made his head more unstable in the cradle (the head is supposed to hang forward, creating a straight, exposed neck). If he was limp or weakened, there would have been no issue. If he had been struggling, holding his legs and his head / arms or just tying him down (pulling the neck into the cradle) makes a whole lot more sense than flipping him over.
As I said, I've never seen a primary source that said anything about being flipped over. Lots about his shattered jaw and him screaming when the executioner ripped off the bandage holding it together, but not the rest. Entirely possible that this is just post-revolutionary mythology.
If you want to read some crazy, documented analysis of Robespierre at the time of his death, the Lancet published some really cool findings based on analysis of his death mask late last year.
It's entirely disingenuous to point out Ireland as the land of infanticide. I think that it's important to recognize that this was widespread. It wasn't some Irish-only thing. The foundling wheel was conceived to stop people from leaving their infants to die, else parents ensured their demise by throwing them in a river or canal (a popular means of disposal throughout history). This is neither an Irish problem, nor a Catholic problem, but a human problem. We're capable of rationalizing anything, no matter our beliefs or country of origin.
For anyone interested in further readings, I'd suggest Infanticide: Its Law, Prevalence, Prevention and History by William Burke Ryan (link).
Edit: As an entirely personal aside/opinion, I'd like to point out that the real decline of infanticide coincides with the establishment of birth control and healthy abortive options. While measured commiseration alleviated the worst of the killings, infanticide has always accompanied the inability to control one's own capability to create life. Say what you will about the ethics of the thing, control over reproduction is obviously a paramount desire that we're willing to kill [our own children] for.
You're probably looking for Vol. 8, Number 5 or 6 (depending)
@.... [Library of Congress](http://catalog.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?SC=Title&SEQ=20111208195029&PID=LADLfxBFyOTarPpLerkby78OnVyZ&SA=Foresight+(Tokyo,+Japan)
The Library of Congress might be able to make you a photocopy or scan it for you. The WorldCat link will show you what libraries might have it, and if they do, which issues they have.
*edit: formatting. Also, the LC link might not work (I don't think you can permalink to their individual catalog entries, so just go to catalog.loc.gov and type in the ISSN to find the record.)
>Someone also suggested that there were alternatives, such as bombing the open ocean. No clue what the point of that would be.
Actually, this was something that was suggested at one point by the Interim Committee (at a lunch held on 5/31/45) and then in the Franck Committee Report issued on 6/11/45. So whoever brought up the open ocean comment wasn't entirely off basis.
The idea to demonstrate the bomb on the open ocean or another area that would make the bombing demonstrative but non-combative in nature was summarily rejected by the Scientific Advisory Panel (on 6/16) and the Interim Committee (6/21) for a few reasons. One being that there was a possibility that if the bomb did not work as intended (remember this is before Trinity took place), it would only cause the Japanese to become bolder and more adverse towards surrender. The other was the fear that a demonstration would encourage the Japanese to move Allied POW's into potential target areas or the demonstration area itself as human shields (not that I think it would have made much of a difference on the final decision).
It also ultimately came down to the general lack of strong feelings against avoiding using the bomb on the Japanese when the time came. Though I doubt whoever brought up the dropping the bomb into the open ocean argument in the askreddit thread bothered to mention the idea was scrapped quite quickly for the reasons I mentioned.
>Send 25 Cents to Prof. Orlando Ferguson for a book explaining this square and stationary earth. It knocks the Globe Theory Clean Out!
This guy must be a professor of stupidity. I'd love to read his book, though. Apparently, only one library has it.
the remainder of the Canons of Lateran IV talk about enforcement, which in the 13th century mostly meant presence. The canons required priests and bishops to actually go to their parishes/ dioceses and minister to their charges, make sure they were doing interesting. This led to really entertaining (well, to me) records like those of Archbishop Odo of Rouen, who traveled around "correcting" lax practices. Now, these practices had probably been going on for centuries but it'd been a while since someone outside the area had paid attention.
That's amazing. I'll transliterate and translate the cover page for you:
>Ein sehr schönes Tractatlein von der wahren Christlichen Andacht: Darinn sehr schön und herzlich aufgeführt wird: I Was die Andacht sey: II Von derer Nothwendigheit; Auch III Wie man dieselbe erhalten und behalten koenne. >Strasburg/In Verlegung Caspar Dietzels. Im Jahr M. DC. XXXIV
Translation: >A very beautiful pamphlet about the Christian attention: In it very beautifully and softly listed: I What the attention would be: II About its necessity: Also III How one can obtain and keep it. >Strasburg/in the publishing of Caspar Dietzels. In the year 1634
This page claims it is a text written by Lewis Bayly, whose wikipedia page would make me suppose this is a translation out of English, of a well-read text called Practice of Piety, published first around 1611.
So this is an early 17th century edition of a religious book written just a few decades earlier which was very popular in the 17th century. So on the one hand there's probably quite a few copies like this, but on the other hand quite a few people might be interested in it.
On the surface level, to have a non-reproductive class of men is obviously useful for harems, but to be frank that's the superficial/"cheap" answer. This old answer outlines the "liminal" gender theory, which is more that eunuchs existed because in highly segregated or complicated social structures a liminal person (manifested in a liminal gender) needed to exist to act as a go-between. So eunuchs were sometimes a go-between from men to women (in harem situations) or a go-between from exalted ruler to the common people (in most court situations) or even a go-between from man to god (with the Byzantines.) There's situations when their reproductive status doesn't seem to matter much, like for instance the white eunuchs in the Ottoman empire were sterile but not allowed in the harems, or any situation in which an intimate role for an emperor/king is required to be filled by a eunuch, there's no reproductive issue there obviously. Their sterility is in many instances largely symbolic.
Gary Taylor in this book postures that castration developed primarily in agricultural societies as an offshoot of castrating livestock, but I find that pretty dubious.
Very interesting. This appears to be the publication they're talking about. I can try to get my hands on the original article, if anyone is interested (I'm an academic librarian). It would have to wait until I am back at work on Monday though.
Edit: As many of you have probably seen, /u/qualis-libet has posted relevant excerpts from the publications here. Though if there's any other pages that people want to see, let me know.
She completed her thesis. That's all that is really required. She didn't get some home-study PhD. She got it from UCLA
Sort of - if you search the title in Worldcat and enter your location it will bring up a list of libraries that have it in their catalog. You have to click on the libraries one by one to check whether they have it on the shelves or checked out, though. And because academic libraries as well as public libraries are WorldCat members, it will bring up a bunch of results from college and university libraries as well. But I think you do save a tiny amount of time over searching each library system individually.
This is mostly correct, but there needs to be at least one clarification and one outright correction.
The clarification revolves around who is a Jew. You're correct that it's very unlikely, if not outright impossible, for a person who self-identifies as Jewish to support National Socialism. But that's not the method the Nazis used. Rather, they were based on parentage and the self-identification of previous generations to determine if someone was Jewish or of mixed-race ancestry. There were definitely folks who did not consider themselves Jewish, but who would have been considered Jewish according to Nazi racial laws, who supported Nazism.
The correction involves this statement:
>However, in the end, that would not have mattered to the Nazis. Even if you'd have supported their ideas politically, being a Jew would have meant discrimination and persecution.
This is, mostly correct, but there were exceptions to this rule. Hitler, on several occasions, declared someone to be an "honorary Aryan". Emil Maurice, who I discussed in my other comment on this thread, is a prime example of someone who would fit both of these conditions I've laid out here.
If I'm not mistaken, you're in Berlin, so presumably, you attend either HU or FU. There is a copy of the book I cited in both libraries. You'd probably find it interesting.
They were delayed by lack of volunteers to fill two ships. Then the second ship, the Speedwell, after much delay and expense proved to be unseaworthy. The logistics of getting willing "pilgrims" back from Holland and now onto one ship and problems with the British authorities plagued the entire departure.
Further delays happened when a large portion of the party decided it was too much of a disorganized mess and went back to Holland.
So poor planning, inexperience and the whole thing happening while avoiding the authorities.
A dry read, but full of information.
Edit: Specifically regarding the cold winter. They were aiming for much further south, present day Virginia. Not Cape Cod which obviously has much harsher winters.
The problem here is that trans* as an identity (as in people specifically think and tell others that they are trans) is in its birth pangs around this time, and it will be difficult to say how "they" were perceived by the public, as it will be difficult to say who "they" were. The idea of it as a medical condition was just emerging in American medicine. While we see a difference now, at this time I'm not sure Joe Sixpack would draw too fine a difference between a relatively hum-drum gay man, a man who crossdressed as a sexual practice, a man who did drag as a performance art, and a male-bodied person who genuinely wanted to live as a woman.
I don't suppose you're at a university? There's a good 3-parter encyclopedia called the <em>Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered History in America,</em> and it has an entry on trans* people that's a good overview of the overlapping and then separating categories of transsexual, transvestite, and then transgender. It's in Gale Virtual Reference so it's available at a lot of libraries.
Robert E. Howard did draw on some Theosophical material and ideas in his fiction; I mention Bullfinch specifically because a number of the names of people and places are drawn from there, but you can definitely see an influence in The Hyborian Age essay. Jeffrey Shanks talks about that in his essays "Theosophy and the Thurian Age: Robert E. Howard and the Works of William Scott-Elliot" in *The Dark Man: The Journal of Robert E. Howard Studies*vol. 6 no. 1/2 and the addendum in vol. 7 no. 1. Another good article of his is "Hyborian Age Archaeology: Unearthing Historical and Anthropological Foundations" in Conan Meets the Academy: Multidisciplinary Essays on the Enduring Barbarian - and I touch on it myself in a forthcoming journal article.
While Theosophy was a major influence on and source of ideas for pulp fiction, however, Howard wasn't a Theosophist and never used pretty much any of their material "straight." The Atlantis and Lemurian Isles of Howard's stories are not quite the same as those in works like W. Scott Elliot's The Story of Atlantis & Lost Lemuria. It's difficult, in fact, to say exactly what Theosophical materials Howard did read.
Is this the movie you're thinking of? It was the first thing that popped up when I looked up the pieces of it's plot that you had mentioned. I even read the synopsis and it seems to be it.
It's behind a paywall for non-academics, unfortunately, but you can have a look at this essay from <em>Geoarchaeology</em> in 1995, by Lal Guri et al which analyzes the lack of necessity for water to produce the erosion features so noted. I'm sure there's more recent work, but if you want an academic approach, there it is. Lacovara (2004) apparently has a slightly different take on the features' origin, connecting them to the construction process, and effects of groundwater percolation with wind on limestone. I have not however read that one.
The major reason the academic community is against the belief (not the mere idea) that Ancient Egypt extends back into the predynastic era with its monumental construction is because there is no evidence for it that doesn't have an equally valid or better explanation within existing time-frames. If one found incontrovertible evidence--which would include context--for an older phase of major construction, it would make that person's career and reputation. Problem is, no such evidence exists, so the belief that a single potential inconsistency opens up a radically new world is naturally going to meet with enormous skepticism if not outright derision.
[edit: fixed broken link]
Her book <em>Programming Languages: History and Fundamentals</em> is about 40 years out of date, but it's still a great browse if you're into the history of computing.
I am currently working on a series of books about the history of the Sistine Chapel. Sounds cool right? Well sadly only 3 of them have been published. This is fine, books take time. Unfortunately for those who prefer a conventional chronology to their history, they have published them out of order, so the only volumes available are Vol. 4, 6, and 7, covering the 17th, 19th, and 20th centuries. Well, okay. It happens I guess. However... Vol. 6 makes repeated entreaties that I reference Vol. 5 for more information on topics, even giving it a loose [Author, Title] citation. Citations to a book WHICH DOESN'T EXIST, has continued not to exist in all of the 17 years since Vol 6 was published, and lo, very well may never exist.
Split Second by Nick Baker as /u/CoffeeInThatNebula says. From what I can find in WorldCat, it's super rare, and can really only be found in the UK. A bunch of libraries have it there, but I found one copy on ebay for only $5, but who knows how much shipping will run you. Might still be worth it. Good luck!
I've never seen/heard of a legitimate instance. In order for me to consider it legitimate, then the language should be able to be analyzed and found to have subject/verb relationships (or similar) and follow (at least roughly) Zipf's law. A further requirement is needed in order to verify that the speaker isn't merely speaking their native language but replacing words as they go: it must have a linguistic pattern different from their native language (at least in some cases). This article shows that in many cases, the latter is the roughly true, and the remaining fitting the former.
If these cases are really legitimate, then we can predict to hear another speaker of tongues replicate the language independently, which is yet to been seen by me and those I know of. Another consequence of these glossolalia (speaking in tongues) instances having real meaning AND following the same pattern as their native language, is that we can then further analyze them to gain further evidence of their credibility or otherwise. Another article touched on some documented cases fitting this description, and found that inside what sounds like sentences are just a jumbling of syllables.
If someone claims to be able to speak in "supernatural" tongues, then I would be glad to help transcribe for them and relay to a linguist, with or without a translator. In conclusion: I think it is bogus and made up for the speaker to feel "filled with the Holy Spirit".
They're not Chinese characters. Some British officer swords of the period were "blue and gilt," that is ornamented with dark bluing (a kind of oxide coloration, accomplished either through heat treatment or chemicals, which helped to protect the blade from corrosion and/or served as a nice dark background for additional ornamentation) combined with etching and gilt (i.e. gold chemically applied) to the etched figures. In practice, at the time gilding and bluing were often accomplished together with a single heat treatment. You can see an example of a sword with similar ornamentation here
It is to be remembered that during this period officers in the British military purchased their own swords (as opposed to NCOs and troopers, who were issued their weapons), and they could get quite fancy indeed, and the exact blade style could vary considerably between officers. In the full painting, you'll note the basket-hilted claymore of the fallen officer on the right, which taken with the tartan suggest a Scottish officer. On the left, the two officers with blades unsheathed show that they are free of ornamentation, signaling that they're probably lower-ranked (or at least, not quite as wealthy) officers.
For more information on the subject, I'd recommend Ewart Oakeschott's European Weapons and Armour and British Military Swords by Stuart Mowbray.
I took a course in college that, in part, dealt with this issue. The professor for that course, Maria Boes, wrote an essay titled "On trial for sodomy in early modern Germany."
Boes notes that the early modern period saw a significant increase in prosecution of homosexuals throughout Europe, and that "by the mid sixteenth century same-sex relations had become criminal in most European areas." Her essay, however, deals specifically with the city of Frankfurt am Main, which had only two sentences for sodomy from 1562-1696 - far fewer than in cities like Venice and Florence. This suggests that legal persecution of homosexuals was not uniform throughout Europe during this period.
Boes points to religion as the cause of the rise in legal proceedings, noting that the Catholic Church had suggested a punishment of death by fire as far back as the Council of Nablus in 1120. Perhaps this explains why Frankfurt am Main sentenced far fewer men for sodomy, as it was dominated religiously by Lutheranism.
This essay is part of a collection, which is titled Sodomy in early modern Europe, edited by Tom Betteridge. I cannot speak to the other essays - which cover areas including England, Scotland, Venice, and Geneva - as I have not read them. But I would encourage you to check it out for yourself.
URL here: http://www.worldcat.org/title/sodomy-in-early-modern-europe/oclc/50102063
Edited for non-Amazon link
There is certainly evidence of several massive climate change events that would have caused extensive drought in the past, with one of these perhaps contributing significantly to the "Bronze Age Collapse".
Some of these events are called "Bond Events", and their origins are not always understood. However, many paleoclimatological studies incorporating coring samples, paleobotanical studies, isotope analysis, and other scientific methods have been able to reconstruct temperature and relative precipitation fluctuations over time.
For further reading, I really heartily recommend
Rosen, Arlene M. Civilizing Climate: Social Responses to Climate Change in the Ancient Near East. Lanham: Altamira Press, 2007
This is one of the best recent overviews of paleoclimatological studies in recent years.
This is a collection of essays and short stories written by children in South Africa. It says on the cover that it dates from 1990, a year before the event supposedly took place.
I have never posted here before, just actively reads so I hope this is an appropriate answer.
In the camps there were separate sections for male, females, and children. Within the camp prisoners were also segregated by political prisoners, Jews, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses and Roma. They had some sort some sort of marker to identify what group they were in. Like these triangles
Some people who worked for the camp as prisoners were also segregated, like ‘Kapos’. They were prisoners that a German commander would appoint to supervise the other prisoners. But not all camps were the same. Some had females with their children. And twins were also separated so the Doctors could perform experiments.
> The only mystery is where to obtain a copy of this paper.
SOLYANIK, G. A. (1964) Some bird observations on Bouvet Island. Soviet Antarct. Exped. Inform. Bull. 2: 97–100. Elsevier, Amsterdam. [English translation of Russian]
Worldcat lists at least 125 holdings. If not within striking distance of a library that has it, interlibrary loan should have it available to anyone with academic access. I don't know if Elsevier has bothered to make it available electronically.
While I think you're correct that intentional wrecking, using false lights and such, is largely a myth there is a minor corrections I'd like to make.
In Cornwall "salvaging" wrecked ships was a routine and typically violent crime consisting of the murder of any survivors who had washed ashore. Survivors are murdered for the money they have and also to prevent them from making claims to their salvaged property. These murders are difficult to prosecute because perpetrators are protected by a community long accustomed to these brutal salvage practices. There are prosecutions though, if you're curious I'll find some examples from my source.
So even though the Cornish didn't cause shipwrecks their economy was sustained by criminal salvage practice. It took the British state many decades to make the coastline safe, they finally succeeded in the 19th c. by offering rewards for rescuing shipwreck survivors
Myths about wrecking are myths, but there were ongoing criminal enterprises that preyed on wrecked ships, so "wrecker" communities were real even if they relied on weather to make the wrecks.
There is this Meetup group with locations in Chicago:
And these titles might be helpful:
Empowering your sober self : the LifeRing approach to addiction recovery
Author: Martin Nicolaus
Cool, hip, and sober : 88 ways to beat booze & drugs
Author: William H Manville
This is the actual citation:
Hicks, E. (1981). Cultural Marxism: Non-synchrony and feminist practice. In L. Sargeant (Ed.),Women and revolution. Boston: South End Press.
Here is the book the cited section is from:
The start of the essay is on page 219, which you can see in Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?id=IAyxuTMT-tkC&q=cultural+marxism%3A+non-synchrony#v=onepage&q=cultural%20marxism&f=false
I found it on the catalog at the National Library in the Hague and emailed them to check whether the book is in fact in English. They said they would get back to me within 24 hours.
If we want, we could ask them to scan it in for us though I don't think the pricing is really designed for an entire book.
edit: Got reply from the National Library saying that they are taking the book out of storage and that they think it is in English.
edit 2: I got a response from the library saying that the book is in English and that they can scan it from their version for €0.65 per page. That would make the total cost of scanning the book and sending it to us €215.
Someone could either order the scans remotely or someone could go in to the library and do it for free.
If you're interested in how the internet works, I recommend the book Tubes by Andrew Blum. It's an interesting read and covers the basics of the internet.
There were allegations made by a former Nebraska state senator that certain persons of political and social prominence were running a child prostitution sex ring in Omaha, Nebraska. Spanier was the Chancellor at University of Nebraska-Lincoln from 1991 to 1995, he was also a very good friend of Ronald Roskens (former University of Nebraska chancellor and president) who was directly implicated in the allegations. Roskens was fired in 1989 when his involvement in various orgies was reported and surveillance photos of nude young boys were taken in Rosken's home. After Spanier's tenure was up in '95, he came to PSU, and in the same year Sandusky starts groping boys.
If you want to know what kind of person Spanier is, you should read his doctoral dissertation on wife-swapping.
if it just landed, the heat tiles are still outgassing ... and it's not real healthy to breathe.
Just to add on to this, Victor Klemperer (a German Jew who maintained a diary throughout the rise of the Third Reich and most of the War) wrote extensively about this issue in his diary about his experiences in Nazi Germany, and wrote quite a bit about being told that he and his (non-Jewish) wife were no longer allowed to have any pets in their house hold and subsequently had to surrender their pet cat to be euthanized.
>I feel very bitter for Eva's sake. We have so often said to each other: The tomcat's raised tail is our flag, we shall not strike it … and at the victory celebrations Muschel will get a "schnitzel from Kamm's" (the fanciest butcher here) …
>Unless the regime collapsed by the very next morning, we would expose the cat to an even crueler death or put me in even greater danger. (Even having him killed today is a little dangerous for me.) I left the decision to Eva. She took the animal away in the familiar cardboard cat-box, she was present when he was put to sleep by an anesthetic.
Source: <em>I Will Bear Witness: A Diary of the Nazi Years 1942-1945</em>
So - the second page is german. Excerpt from the middle part: "Und gesekt, es fände sich allemal sonst...." I'll let someone else deal with that.
Indeholder en Deel gudelige
Salmer og Sange,
At bruge til Aandelig Forly-
stelse og Gudelig Tids-Fordriv
som paa alle Tider, saa og i
alle Tilfælde ere
Eenfoldig componerede af
Samuel Olsøn Br....
... allernaadigste Privilegio
Sendt og bekostet af J. Jørgen Høpffner
Og findes hos hannem tilkiøbs."
Which translates into:
Waste of Time
Fruit of the Cross
Contains one Part godly
Hymns and Songs,
To use as Spiritual Enjoy-
ment and Godly Waste of Time
as at all times, so and in
all cases are
simple-mindedly composed by
Samuel Olsen Br...
....most gracious Privileged
Sent and paid for by J. Jørgen Høpffner
Can also be bought from him."
The writer of the songs is Samuel Olsen Bruun, you can see your book mentioned here:
With regards to the printer, I found on a mention on the webpage of the royal danish liberary library:
"....En regning fra bogtrykkeren Jørgen Høpffner lød på bøger leveret fra 1725 til 1734 til ialt 138 rigsdaler og 4 skilling, igen overvejende salmebøger, katekismer og ABC'er."
".... One invoice from the book printer Jørgen Høpffner was books delivered between 1725 and 1734 amounting to 138 rigsdaler and 4 shillings, mainly hymn books, Catechisms and ABC's"
EDIT: Corrections by SorenD added.
No one should get sick of you mentioning that one. I thought it was sort of glib and jokey, but anything that breaks down the barriers people have to reading is good.
One I like assumes a lot more "serious" background, but it does have a chapter with some examples from Steven King - that is Jenny Davidson, A Life in Sentences. I think the place where appreciating writing gets rewarding is at the small level - why did they choose that word or put the sentences in that order, and that's what she picks apart. If you just state the themes and ideas in Crime and Punishment or Moby-Dick they're commonplace or sound silly -- but craft and art bring interest and personality to those themes. Davidson gets good examples of how writing works.
Politically, in terms of who is ruling each region, it's probably pretty close to the truth. Crusader Kings can be good about that stuff. That said, the way the nobility in any given region interacted is going to vary, and thus CK2's system is probably to broad to be an indication of what happened. Generally speaking, the the aristocracy of Northern Italy came from a number of populations that gradually became enmeshed with each other. There was the old senatorial elite that held on to some of their power, there were Lombards, and eventually there were Carolingians. The relationship between the Empire and the nobility of northern Italy was in a constant state of flux and the degree that any centralized authority could exert of the region was temporary. No game is going to do that kind of complexity justice.
If you want more information, The New Cambridge Medieval History is pretty good for a general narrative. Chris Wickham has a pretty good book on some of the relationships you're talking about, http://www.worldcat.org/title/early-medieval-italy-central-power-and-local-society-400-1000/oclc/7576748. It's quite old, but it's not too bad. The best source for your purposes, however, would be the early Middle Ages volume in the Oxford Short History of Italy series, http://www.worldcat.org/title/italy-in-the-early-middle-ages-476-1000/oclc/48532606&referer=brief_results. It's more recent and has some good scholars.
Sorry, didn't have it on hand earlier: "Frontiers into Boundaries: From the Traditional to the Modern State," by Ainslie Embree.
Here's a WorldCat link to the book it's in.
The article largely uses medieval/early modern Indian principalities and empires as an example, but the conclusions can apply generally to most pre-modern states.
I don't think the claim that divine right as a paradigm was collapsing during the reign of James I is at all tenable. It will show up from place to place but I believe that this is a remnant of the Whig/Parliamentarian interpretation. This book covers the issue and helped to solidify a revolution in scholarly opinion on Stuart governance.
For those who might not know, David Gelernter was a victim of the unabomber. He wrote a fascinating book about it: Drawing Life
A very cool book. Not to be a dick, but antiquarian book collecting is my other big hobby. For this title, Worldcat shows 22 copies held worldwide, so an uncommon, but not quite unique book. Digging into the listings, they seem to be real - available for check out.
As far as I can tell, there isn't. There's the earlier <em>Einsatzgruppen C and D in the invasion of the Soviet Union</em> co-authored with Dieter Pohl, which I assume covers some of the same territory, but I haven't read it.
That's true. And even after Europe was thoroughly Christian, peasants continued to believe in non-Christian folklore and magical superstitions alongside Christianity.
EDIT - This is a good book on the topic.
I would direct you to Japan at War: An Oral History for accounts, though I don't want to give you wrong answers for the first question as I'm not sure.
I've only, admittedly, read two sections for class, but there is one in particular that actually kinda relates to your question. "The 'Green Desert' of New Guinea" by Ogawa Masatsugu. Just... a little off the region in question, but his account is powerful nevertheless.
>We didn't know anything about the war situation outside our bit of jungle. One day at the enemy camp we saw two flags go up, the Union Jack and the Japanese flag. We heard "Banzai! Banzai!" in Japanese. We'd never seen anything like this before. We then had three days of silence. Planes flew over and dropped leaflets proclaiming, "Peace has come to the Orient." Even the regimental commander didn't know about the end of the war. This must have been about August 15, but even that I don't know exactly. It would be a lie if I said I felt sad, or happy. I can't analyze by feelings at that time. I just felt, "Well, so it's over."
And later on...
>When we were imprisoned as POWs on Mushu Island, after the war had officially ended, a dozen or so men died everyday. The island was all coral, so we couldn't dig graves for them. We didn't have the strength, anyway. They had to hasten our repatriation because they couldn't keep us there any longer. We were shells of men, completely burned out. Even on the way to Japan, the transport had to stop several times to commit the latest dead to the sea. They were only one step away from home.
I'll concur that Anathem is Stephenson at the absolute height of his powers.
If you haven't already read Ian McDonald, I think he's a master of a complimentary and similar style. River of Gods and The Dervish House may scratch a similar itch for you.
Of course, suggesting readalikes is a dangerous thing. These aren't exactly like Anathem, but I think they are worthy of being mentioned in the same conversation and McDonald's style and erudition are likely to be appreciated by people who appreciate Stephenson.
It could have been any number of things. Jewelry objects, tools (knives etc), beads, gems, religious items, anything considered precious. As far as I am aware, gambling originated in religious attempts to ascertain the will of the gods, and perhaps payment was given for the privilege to consult. This may have been food or some other valuable item.
Prior to coinage, things were bought and sold in weights of silver or other precious items. This is often known as "hacksilver". Basically, things would be bought and sold, and the exchange was for a certain weight of silver that was weighed out then and there, and the silver pieces may have been cut in order to arrive at the correct weight. Scales and weights were developed for this purpose and have been discovered archaeologically (including by myself this summer at Tel Ashkelon, but that's beside the point). An excellent description of hacksilber can be found in King and Stager's "Life in Biblical Israel" around pages 170-180 (you can browse this resource on Google Books).
The dice and astragali were not always used for gambling, but also to play board games or other games (similar to how we might play craps or yahtzee or monopoly today). Hallo's article that I linked to in my original comment describes a number of board games which would have used dice or a dice equivalent to move pieces around one of various boards. The victor did not necessarily have to end up with some sort of material gain from the activity, but perhaps enjoyment and passing the time was all that was required.
Dug a little deeper and I found this in Worldcat on another Parragon title:
"Credits: All music by Stationhouse.
Performer(s): Read and sung by Garrick Hagon and Denica Freeman."
It's the same Treasured Tales series, but it might not be the same song. Still, does the name Stationhouse sound familiar? Or Denica Freeman?
I think the artist is french singer Martine Habib - there are clips on youtube of her singing, but not this song, and the voice is a perfect match. She released a self-titled album in 1973 on Columbia Records, recorded in Nashville, and one of the singles is titled "The Hardest Game of All" - which matches lyrics in the chorus of this mystery song.
Edited to add: here's the album info and track listing...
WorldCat shows only a few libraries in North America that carry Charlie Hebdo. As near as I can tell, only two have current copies:
> [...] > > * Dec 24, 2014 ARRIVED on 12-29-14 :1175 (1 copy) > * Dec 31, 2014 ARRIVED on 01-05-15 :1176 (1 copy) > * Jan 7, 2015 EXPECTED on 01-12-15 :1177 > * Jan 14, 2015 EXPECTED on 01-19-15 :1178 > > [...]
> [...] > > * 1175 (2014:déc.:24) > > [no newer copies listed]
Every other library seems to have only old copies: California State University Fullerton, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Indiana University [Bloomington], Michigan State University Libraries [East Lansing], Amherst College [Amherst, MA], Dartmouth College Library [Hanover, NH], Harvard University [Harvard College Library, Cambridge, MA], and University of Connecticut [Homer Babbidge Library, Storrs].
It's not available in PressDisplay either.
Grad student to grad student, why not ILL it via your university library? Check Worldcat if it's not in your regional library network.
ILL is your friend. Even works internationally.
Edit: Here is the Worldcat entry. Five universities in the states and one in Australia have it in their collections. If it's a rare/high value book, libraries will often ship it to your nearest location with the stipulation that it can only be accessed in-house and cannot be taken home. I've had to do this with several $800+ books over the years. It's not ideal but it's better than the alternative...
This kind of thing has happened. See the story here (in italics). However, no way can an insurance company take a bishop's word for her temple-worthiness. The bishop would just be taking the woman's word for it anyway.
My library uses LC classification so I'm not too well versed in Dewey resources, but if you're doing your own classification you'll need to purchase the full DDC schedules, print or online.
But here's a good general rule: don't classify something if somebody else already has. I've recently discovered this classification tool that lets you search a title and it shows you its most frequently used call number. Or what i've done in the past is search for the title at worldcat.org and see what other libraries have classified it as.
I cannot find a date of publish anywhere on the magazine. I did find an entry in a library catalogue dating it to 1996. http://www.worldcat.org/title/australian-marijuana-growers-guide/oclc/38416569
The images do not do it justice. It is a work of art. There is some rat damage to the back page bottom spine corner. Any tips on how to preserve it?
>I was under the impression that the bayonet lost prominence over time
In reality, one of the big changes that came about at the end of the 18th century were the tactics of French Revolutionary armies, which often involved massive bayonet charges to overwhelm enemies with elan. Look at, for instance, the Battle of the Bridge of Arcole in 1796. A general of the earlier 18th century likely would not have risked such an assault on the fortified Austrians, but, since French infantry were relatively untrained and drafted in large numbers compared to the smaller, professional armies of the earlier 18th century, they could not be expected to trade volleys or manuever in a fashion to force the Austrians away, but they could all rush at the position in a headlong assault, which, surprisingly, often worked!
If you're curious about this, I would recommend reading two books together, or one after the other. Warfare in the Age of Marlborough and then the famous Campaigns of Napoleon by the same author.
If you're worried about wrecking the little sprouts you want to keep by pulling up the other little sprouts, you can try this technique from Square Foot Gardening (which you might want to check out to feel more in control of your gardening experience and avoid over-planting in the future): Take a pair of scissors and snip at ground level the sprouts you don't want to keep. That way the developing root systems of your keepers won't be disturbed!
> I'd recommend wrangling a copy of: John Ryan, Tolkien: Cult or Culture? (1969)
It's not particularly widely-held in libraries, but anyone interested should consider Inter-library Loan if your library doesn't have it.
The dissertation seems to be "Modern English myth-makers: an examination of the imaginative writings of Charles Williams, C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien", which would probably be more difficult to get since it appears that ones this old aren't even included in the Cambridge library online catalog (only in the old card catalog), and aren't available for ILL in the first place.
"A historian" (also "a historic," "a historical," "a history," etc.). You don't normally use the indefinite article "an" except to preface a word that begins with a vowel sound (such as "an hour"). Some folks that don't pronounce the 'h' would use "an" ("An 'istoric moment."), and that is true of some historical colloquial pronunciations - which is why if you're reading a work from the 1700s you might run across "an horrific event" - which would have been read and pronounced "an 'orrific event" at the time it was written, but today looks weird because we actually pronounce the "H" - and because of the confusion, "an historic" tends to still be found and used today.
So for example, you have An Historical Essay on Architecture (1835), which is a period use of the term, and you have Making Sense of an Historic Landscape (2012) which...isn't.
I am not sure how much (if at all) this owes to shifting pronunciations, like the British tendency over the last couple centuries to pronounce the 'H' in words where they were formerly silent, like "herb" - so that it is now appropriate in British English to say and write "a herb" (a HER-b) rather than "an herb" (an erb). English tends to be idiosyncratic and complicated like that; it is a living language after all.
I have been looking for the artist for an hour now. All I found out is that this picture is from NADA art fair in Miami in 2008. If anyone goes to any of these universities and frequents the library, plz find out for me http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/286498323
Victor Klemperer's diaries are a great place to start. He was a linguist at the University of Dresden, World War I veteran, and ardent German nationalist. He also happened to he Jewish. His diaries cover the entire period of the Third Reich. As an added bonus, his diaries go on past the end of the war and into the postwar period of Communist East Germany.
I Shall Bear Witness - The diaries of Victor Klemperer, 1933-1941
To The Bitter End - The diaries of Victor Klemperer, 1942-1945
The Lesser Evil - The diaries of Victor Klemperer, 1945-1959
Okay, so it appears to have been a pretty obscure little show, and it looks like it's really only available in select libraries here and there (https://www.overdrive.com/series/superstories). The name you want to search for is Bosustow. Tee Bosustow was the primary creator, but the entire Bosustow family was involved in the production business. It was put out by Bosustow Entertainment and published on VHS by SVE and Churchill Entertainment (example listing).
Sure thing - Thomas Carlyle's history of the French Revolution led me down this particular rabbit-hole with its mention of portable guillotines carted around by the Armies of the Revolution. Unlike the permanent structures in Paris (which had extraordinarily heavy blades), the portable ones weighed less than 18kg ... explains why sticking appears to have been a more common issue. Lamartine's description of Chalier's execution in Histoire des Girondins was definitely another source I read. Daniel Arasse's <em>La guillotine et l'imaginaire de la Terreur</em> (Paris : Flammarion, 1987) was another - if you work backwards from the bibliography you can find some great primary sources.
P.S. One of these things was sold at auction in 2011 - here's the full description from the auction house plus a pretty good picture of the little guy.
> I cannot think of any musical artist in particular known as being a user of opium or laudanum.
In his correspondence we find
>I am getting up; it is six o'clock in the afternoon; I took some drops of laudanum yesterday, and was completely stupified.
>I can only write a line. I took a dose of laudanum last night, and have not had time to go to sleep quietly.
He also wrote about using it for medical reasons at least once. He apparently took some poison in front of his wife Henrietta (their marriage was, obviously, not doing very well). After she promised things would change between them, he took something to purge the poison, and after 10 hours of purging he needed some laudanum to stop the... situation. This use was apparently considered normal and laudanum/opium was prescribed by doctors at the time. He got better, but their marriage just kept spiraling.
Berlioz composed a program symphony (Symphonie Fantastique: Épisode de la vie d'un Artiste ... en cinq parties) about a guy poisoning himself with opium (it's his most popular work). He composed the symphony for/inspired by Henrietta Smith, trying to woo her. She was no longer popular (as an actress) and in debt, and he was a star, so it might not have been just the impression this master work caused.
This is my favourite movement from that symphony. We hear this lovely waltz and then there's the idée fixe, "her" (the artist's beloved, at 1:50), entering and causing an impression.
The end of the movement is so full of life... He was head over heels for Henrietta since the first time he saw her. I think that second movement captures that feeling in a great way. Two harps! That was crazy luxurious, and yet she (the idée fixe) gets everybody's attention.
Such a shame things went so wrong...
> "if bigmapblog were to try to make an argument... in ANY urban planning or urban studies class at an American university he would rightly so be shot down in the face of 50 years of academic research"
Many (more than a hundred) schools of urban planning and urban studies have purchased the film, and dozens are using them in their coursework and instruction as we speak. Here's 350 institutions, (several of them schools of planning, design, or urban studies) who currently have the film in their holdings.
I bring this up not to brag at all, but to illustrate that the film and its arguments are not as abhorrent to academics as you seem to think.
I've spoken at over a dozen universities in this past year -- most at schools of architecture, but with much crossover from urban studies -- and while some generated a spirited debate, and not everyone was at all times completely in agreement, the reception from the academy has been overwhelmingly positive.
Far from being "shot down", it has been embraced to some degree, and we're very thankful for that.
I'm a librarian and an archivist. First off: contact your library. If librarians only advised on issues we were personally subject experts on we'd have to shut down right now. You think I answer questions about eunuchs all day? Of course not. Librarians are familiar with how to find anything, that's what we're trained on, not subject expertise. I can just as easily answer your question as help someone find car repair manuals for a 1988 Honda Accord, having no expertise in either, it is the same essential task to us. Also you're almost certainly going to need ILL with this, since it sounds like your school doesn't support a strong East Asian program? And you'll probably need help working with ILL because we don't typically teach it to freshman library instructional classes, usually just grad students.
Second: this is way too much for a freshman, slow your roll! No one expects a freshman to be churning out original archival research in a language they don't fluently read! There would be way less college graduates if so. I do archives instructionals with freshman and they typically are me presenting a single document (in English) carefully selected to relate to their classroom topics, and a worksheet with questions like "Who wrote this document? Who did the writers intend to read or use this document?" etc. Talking this level is what I expect from a freshman, as an archivist working with freshmen.
What you can reasonably use at your level (though this is somewhat advanced for a freshman, but not crazy advanced) is translated published primary source collections. Here is a good guide to what these are and how to find them. The main words to use when searching are "sources" and "documents." This example search turns up what you should be looking for.
Wll, MARTA has a Web page dedicated to their expansions. GSU has a MARTA archive with design documents for a lot of the lines, including the NW expansion. There's a report in the Atlanta HistoryCenter for some of the expansions planned back in 1978. I'm on mobile, but if you can't find anything I'll dig up the links.
Edit: Here are the links
Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) Collection
Vivid dreams like the one you described typically occur during REM sleep. Interestingly enough, the pupils are generally constricted (the antonym you were looking for) during REM sleep, though they do dilate periodically during this time. This intermittent dilation occurs in conjunction with other physiological changes, such as predictable changes in heart rate and blood pressure. While the exact source of these physiological features is unclear, their consistency and resemblance to other information processing activity/patterns in the brain suggest that dreams about light are probably not the actual cause. This paper expands upon the process and contains decent citations if you're interested in reading the research publications.
That being said, it's worth mentioning that the pupillary response can be conditioned in response to stimuli under certain circumstances, so it might be theoretically possible to produce a Pavlovian response in which the pupils dilate in the presence of dream light source, though such an experiment seems very technically challenging to me.
"Sister act" comes from vaudeville and means an act where two or more women are working together, and often were (or were billed as) sisters, often twins or triplets (even if that wasn't the case); usually they would sing or dance. Sister acts sometimes featured risqué outfits and bordered on burlesque, with the main attraction usually being the attractiveness of the "sisters" more than their skill - hence, not a good place to take a date.
This wasn't always the case, however, and several very talented influential musical groups began as sister acts, including the Boswell Sisters and the Andrews Sisters. Descendants of the sister act concept can be seen today in musical "girl groups" and unrelated women being cast and partnered together as "twins" or "sisters" in adult entertainment. You can read a bit more about it in Sister Sets: Sisters Whose Togetherness Sets Them Apart.
One of the interesting bits of my research is collecting - and delving into - some of the more obscure reference materials available (since I'm not attached to a university, I have to invest my own money in these books, so at this point I have a better reference section on pulps and Lovecraftiana than most university libraries). I actually had occasion this week to drag out my copy of Monthly Terrors: An Index to the Weird Fantasy Magazines Published in the United States and Great Britain (1985) to write a little bit about Weird Sex Tales (no relation to Weird Tales, despite the title) and Monster Sex Tales - very obscure (and scarce and today expensive) one-shot 1972 pornographic magazines with a weird/horror bent, which are believed to largely be the work of Ed Wood working under pseudonyms.
Today I'm delving into Enciclopedia erótica del cómic (2012) - An illustrated Spanish-language work about sex in comic books. It's not really as useful as some of the "standard" works on the subject, since it takes the premise more literally than most, with entries for different sexual acts instead of titles, authors, history, censorship, etc. but it's always kind of interesting getting a European comics perspective on that sort of thing, since the situation with the Comics Code Authority in the US really put the kibosh on things like the artistic nude in comics for a generation.
larry kramer has written lots of stuff
see also https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Kramer ... in important ways he's responsible for helping ensure that people at risk for HIV infection haven't been left to die by the roadside.
There are a number of historians/anthropologists would contest that there was not a unified culture. Hopefully someone can actually talk about this at length, but I would like to suggest that you take a look at this book, which is an excellent introduction to these problems: http://www.worldcat.org/title/beyond-celts-germans-and-scythians-archaeology-and-identity-in-iron-age-europe/oclc/46433475
There's Chabon's Gentlemen of the Road, which I'm sure you'll enjoy and is interesting. Sticklers will point out it is more historical fiction than fantasy, but it's worth a read.
A little searching brings up Wandering Stars: An Anthology of Jewish Fantasy and Science Fiction It was published in 1974, but is still widely held in libraries. (See link for library near you.)
> On Venus, have we got a rabbi / William Tenn -- > The golem / Avram Davidson -- > Unto the fourth generation / Isaac Asimov -- > Look, you think you've got troubles / Carol Carr -- > Goslin Day / Avram Davidson -- > The dybbuk of Mazel Tov IV / Robert Silverberg -- > Trouble with water / Horace L. Gold -- > Gather blue roses / Pamela Sargent -- > The jewbird / Bernard Malamud -- > Paradise last / Geo. Alec Effinger -- > Street of dreams, feet of clay / Robert Sheckley -- > Jachid and Jechidah / Isaac Bashevis Singer -- > I'm looking for Kadak / Harlan Ellison.
Here is the link to the Worldcat page for 'The Pepsi-Cola Addict', showing what libraries hold it: sure hope this works. I don't know if any of those are close to you. PM me if you get a chance to visit with a copy! (I'd gladly reimburse for photocopying a chapter or two/postage to the U.S.)