Yeah, I believe he's a third-cousin several times removed. From his site:
> My name is Ralph C Lincoln and I am honored to be an 11th generation Lincoln. Who also shares the same Great-Grandfather as one of America's greatest Presidents. ... Mordecai Lincoln is my 5th generation great grandfather, which makes me a third cousin of the President.
Edit: I had the wrong Mordecai. It must be Mordecai Lincoln (1686-1736), grandson of Samuel Lincoln, not Mordecai Lincoln (1771 – 1830), uncle to the President. Check out page 43 of this Lincoln family history
If we're gonna hug archive.org to death we might help out as well.
These guys are doing a tremendous job and they only survive through donations.
P.S. They accept Bitcoin as well
While this on the front page, I'm going to encourage donating to archive.org. They've done so much for the internet, and they deserve a tip. They also accept bitcoin.
Donation page: https://archive.org/donate/index.php
Its well known that they had an almost complete game and weren't happy with it. So they threw it all away and just started over, when your company is made of money you can do shit like that. HL3 will come out at some point and we will all shit our pants over how good it is. I for one will stay up all night and drop any responsibilities I have, to play through that game as soon as I can.
Edit: Here is a source and that was about 2 minutes of google. Its in that interview they linked but the site is down and Here is the archive. I'm sure hes mentioned it other times.
Also, the period of time when the Roosevelts married was a time when "good girls" were expected to dislike sex, societally. Many women worked around this, of course, with loving partners, but don't underestimate how miserable sex made many women in the early twentieth century and before. There was little to no foreplay, the female orgasm was seen as dirty (if men understood it at all), masturbation was heavily frowned upon, and sex education mainly consisted of older women discussing forbearance.
I have a sex manual written in the late nineteenth century, but published in 1912, and it reminds men that their wedding night will be painful and unenjoyable for their wives. If, the book notes, she has still not recovered from it after several weeks, he should take her to a doctor.
Edit: for those of you interested, this is the book, though this is the 1916 version: https://archive.org/details/naturessecretsre1919shan. Pasted from my phone, so here's hoping this link works!
I pirated the ebooks of the harry potter series, but my copy of "order of the phoenix" turned out to actually be a 500 page fan fiction written by a professor of english at some chinese university. He even forged a title page! It looked utterly authentic!
I read the whole thing, and then quit the series in utter disgust. YEARS later, I told my friends why harry potter started out good but then got idiotic, and they just stared at me.... took forever for them to convince me I hadn't really read the Order Of The Phoenix. And then I never lived it down....
*edit: Alright people, go nuts
Not sure if you know this, but there's a recording of this show, including the trivia here: https://archive.org/details/tsp2000-02-16.flac16
It doesn't go quite as you described, but it's pretty close. But Billy pretty brightly acknowledges that James offered up the pedal.
Edit: Jeeze, a bit late now, but I also just found that somebody has transcribed the trivia portion of the show here: http://www.spfc.org/tours/date.html?tour_id=737&txt_disp=1
It's not like millions of average, everyday German people supported Hitler while worshipping Beelzebub, nor did Hitler introduce anything new in the way people felt about Jews. Opinions change. I'm nowhere near a supporter of the Klan, but take D.W.Griffith's 1915 film 'Birth of a Nation'. The film was a commercial success. Here is it's theatrical poster. The way the horseman is portrayed in that picture is as an heroic knight, the polar opposite of the way people feel today.
I suppose the point is that people can go out and do horrid things and then get back to their golf game.
Maybe you're thinking of The Most Dangerous Game?
 Just read the synopsis. Apparently a lot of stories involve people on private islands
Gimbutas's work was important in the development of the modern Kurgan Model of Indo-European origins, but scholars in the field nowadays tend to reject the ideological conclusions she drew from it. In general, the Proto-Indo-Europeans (sometimes called "Aryans" but for obvious reasons that name has fallen out of use except among those with ideological points to push) are no longer believed to be warrior-savage patriarchs as she believed, but rather a group of far-reaching horse traders. The distance over which they ranged and the social prestige that wealthy herders obtained made their languages a common language among those groups with whom they interacted--her idea that they conquered and put to the sword the speakers of the previous languages is generally rejected. Furthermore, the discovery of earthwork fortifications (walls and moats) around pre-IE settlements in the Balkans kind of debunks the idea that they were not warlike (if I recall correctly, archaeologists have even discovered maces in pre-IE settlements--which are useless for hunting and so must have been weapons of war).
Ironically, given that Indo-European warrior graves (Kurgans) often turn up woman-warriors, one can make the case that the Indo-Europeans and their father-god (Zeus/Jupiter and his analogues in the Germanic and Celtic and pre-Hindu pantheons) were actually more egalitarian than the alleged goddess-worshippers.
For more information, I recommend the book "The Horse, The Wheel, and Language," by David W. Anthony, an archaeologist in the field whose work is much more recent. The book is available through the Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/TheHorseTheWheelAndLanguage
In case you're wondering what, exactly, the Harvard Classics are.
EDIT: Some folks have been complaining that this isn't a direct link to the free books. You can find the free books here and here: (http://www.gutenberg.org/wiki/Harvard_Classics_(Bookshelf\)
(parenthesis on the second link make hotlinking it not possible)
Those wishing to read the collection, "The Report of the Scientific Results of the Exploring Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger" may find it here. Or, you may find it here.
The original, irreplaceable volumes of the HMS Challenger's material as compiled and edited by Sir John Murray are very much preserved.
>Murray’s personal collection of zoological and oceanographic books and journals was bequeathed to the Natural History Museum, as well as diaries, photographs, scientific notebooks, logbooks and letters from the Challenger Office.
Any volumes destroyed by Fisheries and Ocean's Canada would have been a copied publication of this groundbreaking work. This work, of course can be found in a number of places.
This critical fact leads me to question the validity of this article.
It effects cells ability to absorb oxygen and kills the individual by robbing the vital systems (respiratory, brain, cardiovascular) of oxygen. Imagine a fish out of water where the lungs still function by breathing in, but can't absorb oxygen. Additionally seizures are common when individuals are exposed to large amounts.
But wait! Wouldn't those games be ableist towards individuals that are incapable of emotional depth? Ugh you are LITERALLY calling for the systematic gaming oppression of autistic people, and that is some triggering shit.
Obviously, games just shouldn't exist anymore. That way, everyone is equal.
In 1948, Albert Einstein signed a letter to the NYT that denounced the Herut party and its leader Menachem Begin as fascist, chauvinist, and terroristic. Begin eventually founded the Likud party by merging Herut with others, and it is this Likud party whose chairman Netanyahu is Israel's prime minister. From the letter:
>Among the most disturbing political phenomena of our times is the emergence in the newly created state of Israel of the "Freedom Party" (Tnuat Haherut), a political party closely akin in its organization, methods, political philosophy and social appeal to the Nazi and Fascist parties. It was formed out of the membership and following of the former Irgun Zvai Leumi, a terrorist, right-wing, chauvinist organization in Palestine.
>It is inconceivable that those who oppose fascism throughout the world, if correctly informed as to Mr. Begin's political record and perspectives, could add their names and support to the movement he represents. Before irreparable damage is done by way of financial contributions, public manifestations in Begin's behalf, and the creation in Palestine of the impression that a large segment of America supports Fascist elements in Israel, the American public must be informed as to the record and objectives of Mr. Begin and his movement.
>In the light of the foregoing considerations, it is imperative that the truth about Mr. Begin and his movement be made known in this country. It is all the more tragic that the top leadership of American Zionism has refused to campaign against Begin's efforts, or even to expose to its own constituents the dangers to Israel from support to Begin.
Albert Einstein considered himself a cultural Zionist, but he basically Godwinned the right wing movement that is ruling Israel today. Considering that he was a Jew who fled the Nazi regime itself, maybe he was on to something.
To everyone hating on celebrity charities, you can usually find the information online as to how effective they are. For example, this is the jolie-pitt foundations tax return for 2011
The TL;DR of it is:
*The foundation received 4.6 million in 2011
*It made about 2 million in charitable contributions in that year
*It paid about 1.3 million in expenses (1/3 to lawyers, 1/3 to staff, 1/3 to 'other expenses')
*It rolled about 1.3 million over for the next year.
*Expenses paid vs charitable money given is about 60% to the charities. I have no idea how good that is considered in the non profit world.
*Later in the return it lists some info on the previous 5 years, with average effective rate of around 75%
*It also looks like it might be sitting on around 23 million that is being rolled over, though I am not sure.
*Also note that it is listed as a 'non exempt charitable trust', which seems to imply that it pays some taxes, though I could not find a easy to read explanation of these trusts, and their tax burdens.
My amateur analysis is they are doing a decent job keeping their effective rate up while stacking money in the bank (presumably so they can use it for charitable giving later in life, maybe when they have more time to devote to it.)
If anyone is a tax specialist or knows about charities/NGOs I would love to hear some knowledgeable opinions.
It's a variant of Sixsmith, a sickle smith.
*I return, bearing sources:Meaning of Sixsmith
They sent Alex Haley to interview white supremecist George Lincoln Rockwell in the 60's. He arrived and Lincoln started the interview by saying to Haley,"Just so you know, we refer to you people as niggers." Haley replied,"I've been called nigger before. This will be the first time I've gotten paid for it."
Source; I read it in a hardback collection of Playboy interviews.
EDIT: Holy shit! It's archived!
The film is called "Torpedo Squadron 8" and you can watch it for free online. Also I highly recommend you watch The Battle of Midway. It's only 18 minutes long and contains some of the best archival footage of WWII battle.
Also I'll just plug the book I learned this from. It's called Five Came Back by Mark Harris. It's an excellent book about how five famous Hollywood directors left their big careers in order to join the army and make war films. Highly recommended.
Well, we have been doing that for years. Supported by donations and free for everyone.
Having a backup archive could be at least acceptable if you didn't have to F.U.C.K.I.N.G. P.A.Y. for access (see the perks). Seriously, go fuck yourself moron. I hope your public library begins charging you 1000$ per book.
I am not advocating that everything on the Internet should be free. I really hate free-to-play bullshit &co., I favour donations and I don't mind paying 10-100-1000$ for software that can really help me have some fun or get things done. But, jeez, public resources like this should be FREE and supported by donations.
Like Archive.org is, BTW.
The Ranseur (Image no 7) (another page) is the only pole weapon I recall that resembles a trident. The hilt is crescent shaped and was probably used to parry and disarm opponents.
The book is An Illustrated History of Arms and Armour: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time, by Auguste Demmin.
Also on the Wayback machine. I go look at 90s me sometimes. I ran a fantasy wrestling site. Ahhhh memories.
Edit: deeper archive available at http://www.oocities.org/
> I've not access to the book
It's available at Archive.org, here's the full text of that portion (p.73):
> Ballista, or Demon's Head. — Algonkin tradition affirms that in ancient times, during the fierce wars which the Indians carried on, they constructed a very formidable instrument of attack, by sewing up a large round boulder in a new skin. To this a long handle was tied. When the skin dried, it became very tight around the stone, and, after being painted with devices, assumed the appearance and character of a solid globe upon a pole. This formidable instrument was borne by several warriors, who acted as ballisters. Plunged upon a boat or canoe, it was capable of sinking it. Brought down among a group of men on a sudden, it produced consternation and death.
So it doesn't sound like a ballista in the same sense of a kind of "giant crossbow" associated with the Romans, but instead was a sort of "giant club" for breaking up boats and men alike.
From the 1850's up until the First World War, quite a lot of emphasis was put on the use of the bayonet as a weapon. British soldiers would have trained with reference to Henry Charles Angelo's <em>Bayonet Exercise</em>, which presents a systematic form of bayonet fighting; there were other bayonet manuals published by Sir Richard Burton and others. Swords and lances were still primary weapons for cavalry at this time. There was quite a general passion for martial arts in the Victorian period, and officers and men may have taken part in Assaults of Arms, though the hey-day of this seems to have been after the Anglo-Zulu war. There was also regimental boxing; competitions between regiments were I think only established in the 1890's, but I don't know about within regiments.
Whilst they may not have had the skill of Zulu warriors who fought primarily with the spear and shield, I think it would be inaccurate to suggest that British soldiers would have necessarily been 'bad' at close quarter fighting. They were trained for it, armed for it and many probably had direct experience using that training.
There are tapes of a sitting president, Lyndon B. Johnson, talking about blackmailing a sitting supreme court justice, Earl Warren.
>Here is the quotation attributed to LBJ in his phone conversation with Richard Russell, apparently taken from the White House tapes, through the source listed above:
>"Warren told me he wouldn't do it under any circumstances...He came down here and told me no, twice. And I just pulled out what (FBI director) Hoover told me about a little incident in Mexico City...and he started crying and he said, "I won't turn you down. I'll just do whatever you say."
He is on tape. This is public record.
It is also public record that undercover CIA agents implant themselves into our Congress and Senate. Why is this not a bigger deal?
Great reply! I have one follow-up question.
>Most torture devices from the era are inventions of Victorian era freakshows (that were very popular at the time). Beatings, floggings, suspensions with rope, burning, thumbscrews and the traction table are the only tortures I have been able to confirm was used.
On John Oliver's new HBO show, Last Week Tonight, he referenced various torture/execution devices.
>We loved killing people so much, we kept coming up with new inventive techniques that looked like they were designed by the Marquis de Sade and named by Willy Wonka.
>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This is the head crusher.
>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: These devices have almost childlike names, like penny-winkies.
>OLIVER: Ooh, that's right, penny-winkies, a delightful English cousin of the throaty tug-tug and the joggly-shocky-buzz-buzz-tickly-wickly seats.
Do you know what "penny-winkies" were, and whether they actually existed/were used in the medieval period? The only online mention I could find predating this TV program is from "Kirkwall in the Orkneys" by Buckham Hugh Hossack, 1900:
>Besides the torture of the "boot," we hear of the "cashie laws," an iron stocking heated up by a moveable furnace; of the penny winkies, the thumbscrew, and of the simple scourge...
.. and specific pages on Arhive.org get visited very rarely. Doesn't mean it still isnt valuable to understand history and patterns.
I, for one, would rather pay more to store previous research than to pay researchers to recreate it; if it was even possible.
So, I was fascinated by this phrase and went-a-googlin'.
This book https://archive.org/details/newcodeusefulkn00unkngoog is the only place I could find where that phrase comes up. I must conclude, then, that you are a 152 year old woman from either India or England.
I've got backup!
Archive.org has more than just the WayBackMachine that they're mainly known for (shows websites from the past).
My favorite is their collection of old 35mm film, but they also have archives of tons of other stuff from all sorts of video media, archived books and texts, and other super interesting historical stuff.
And here's an interesting website that has collected the footage from every channel so you can see exactly how they covered it.
Edit: Holy shit, this is kind of freaky. Go to CNN's coverage just before they went to the commercial when the first tower got hit. Last thing they mention before covering the attacks was that Boeing's stock might drop. That is a pretty eerie coincidence.
The submitted screenshot is from 'The Art of Entertaining' by M.E.W. Sherwood, published in 1893. You can find this book on Gutenberg.org and Archive.org.
In case you can't see the image, here's what it says:
"To make a good cup of coffee is a rare accomplishment. Perhaps the old method is as good as any: a small cupful of roasted and ground coffee, one third Mocha and two thirds Java, a small egg, shell and all, broken into the pot with the dry coffee. Stir well with a spoon and then pour on three pints of boiling water; let it boil from five to ten minutes, counting from the time it begins to boil. Then pour in a cupful of cold water, and turn a little of the coffee into a cup to see that the nozzle of the pot is not filled with grounds. Turn this back, and let the coffee stand a few minutes to settle, taking care that it does not boil again. The advantages of boiled egg with coffee is, that the yolk gives a rich flavour and good colour; also the shells and the white keep the grounds in order, settling them at the bottom of the pot."
Did you happen to notice this line? - 'The Honorable Thomas H. Benton declared that he "liked to drink his tea from a cup which had been washed by a lady."' Good ol' Tommy, always blurting out what everyone feels too :P
Mary Elizabeth Wilson (M.E.W.) Sherwood also wrote "Manners and Social Usages".
The dirt was used primarily in two ways. First, the initial dirt dug was used to build up the parapet along the front edge of the trench, which would have positions for rifleman to fire from at points along the top of the parapet. The parapet would require more dirt than might be expected, as to make earth bullet or shell proof it has to be compacted as much as possible. At the back end of the trench would be constructed the parados, a compacted dirt defense much like the parapet. Depending on the type of soil encountered, and the depth of the water table, it was often impossible to dig a trench down to a sufficient depth to effectively protect the soldiers. In these cases, much more dirt would have to be built up on both sides of the trench to provide sufficient cover.
The second use of dirt from the trenches would be to fill sandbags, which could then be used to strengthen the walls of trenches, bomb shelters, dugouts and the like. The work of expanding, reinforcing, and improving the trenches was a never ending one, and they would store the dirt in sandbags until it was required for repairing or reinforcing sectors of the trenches.
For more information than you ever wanted to know about trench construction, check out the manual "Trench Warfare, a Manual for Officers and Men" by Second Lieutenant Joseph Smith of the BEF, circa 1917. It is pretty comprehensive, and an interesting read. https://archive.org/details/trenchwarfareman00smitrich
The even bigger one is that I think there's a reasonable inference that Urick had a handshake deal with Jay's lawyer that if Jay took the written deal (plead guilty to accessory, prosecutor recommends two year prison sentence) that after the trial Urick would change that deal to one more favorable to Jay by making "an additional plea for leniency" on behalf of Jay, effectively (plead guilty to accessory, prosecutor recommends no time served).
Plea agreements have to be disclosed to the defense. If Urick had such a deal it would be unethical not to disclose it, and zero years versus two years served is a significant discrepancy.
Syed argued the issue in his initial appeal but was unsuccessful. See Footnote 10.
No download option? Hmm...
for n in $(seq -f "%04g" 1 218); do wget -c http://read.gov/books/pageturner/alice_wonderland/img/$n.jpg; done convert *.jpg alice_wonderland.pdf
Well that works to get the scans, could go further to automate it for all books, meh. archive.org/texts
The Naudet brothers documentary 9/11. Is a first-hand account of the attacks in New York City. I highly recommend it for anyone who has only ever seen the news coverage.
Jules and Thomas Naudet were in New York City at the time of the September 11 attacks to film a documentary on members of the Engine 7, Ladder 1 firehouse in Lower Manhattan. Jules captured the only clear footage of the first plane, American Airlines Flight 11, hitting the North tower of the World Trade Center. The video camera that Jules was using is now on display in the American History Museum in Washington D.C.
*I'm still looking for an HD Link, but here is one from Archive.org.
Full catalog if you want check what is inside every vial
No handle here doe, yours is maybe a post 1908 model
It's only identified as an Early American Flag and comes from the book The Flags of the World: Their History, Blazonry, and Associations by Frederick E. Hulme.
Albert Einstein Letter to The New York Times. December 4, 1948
>The discrepancies between the bold claims now being made by Begin and his party, and their record of past performance in Palestine bear the imprint of no ordinary political party. This is the unmistakable stamp of a Fascist party for whom terrorism (against Jews, Arabs, and British alike), and misrepresentation are means, and a "Leader State" is the goal.
>When a real and final catastrophe should befall us in Palestine the first responsible for it would be the British and the second responsible for it the Terrorist organizations build up from our own ranks.
I am not willing to see anybody associated with those misled and criminal people.
The Soviets were every bit as cruel and vile to civilians coming into Germany as the Germans were going the other direction. It's said after taking Berlin the Soviet troops "raped every women from 8 to 80". A Soviet war memorial in Berlin is sardonically called "tomb of the unknown rapist" by older local women for this reason.
WW2's Eastern front was Lawful Evil Vs. Chaotic Evil basically, to use a wholly inappropriate metaphor.
This was the period where advertisers had started to become aware transparent and off-putting their ads had become, so they started trying to set themselves outside of the pack by making ads that actually criticized the pretensions of consumer culture.
Unfortunately for them, the irony was not lost on their audience. Great documentary if you want to learn more:
According to Du Cange's Glossarium manuale ad scriptores mediae et infirmae Latinitatis Burchard uses "puerperium" to mean "os uteri" or the mouth of the uterus, i.e. the vagina.
The source of this image is a book called "Revised and enlarged edition of exercises in the Yokohama dialect", published in 1879.
The authors, Professor Max Muller and John Grigor, Esq., are described thusly:
>"The former is known to the world as the greatest of dialecticians, and the latter stands pre-eminent as a master of the Yokohama idiom."
Excerpts were later published in the 1987 book Victorians in Japan: In and around the Treaty Ports, which describes itself as "an anthology of "an anthology of impressions and anecdotes by Victorian writers about Japan and their life there".
EDIT: The plot thickens! From Wikipedia:
>Yokohama Pidgin Japanese, Yokohamese or Japanese Ports Lingo was a Japanese-based pidgin spoken in the Yokohama area during the late 19th century for communication between Japanese and foreigners. Most information on Yokohama Pidgin comes from Exercises in the Yokohama Dialect, a humorous pamphlet published in 1879 by Hoffman Atkinson.
/u/ManWithoutModem put together a good list of places to get free textbooks/ebooks online here.
I honestly wish I had this list when I was in college, because it would've made things much easier to find.
However, one resource that I noticed is missing from the list that I found helpful, not only for books, but also for finding movies and music is archive.org
This is the kind of stuff that needs to given a face. What you're describing is stealing livelihood of many modern independent artists.
Cory Doctorow wrote Content about the subject of intellectual property. It's CC, and he encourages fan audiobooks. The one on IP is read pretty well.
06 - How Do You Protect Artists is extremely relevant to your story.
Correct. There was so much clean-up, burying of bodies, getting people healthy again, etc. to do most places used the locals. NSFW Here's a video of the liberation of Buchenwald and Dachau.
Edit: So I used to teach a unit on the Holocaust, our school library had a VHS copy of the footage they showed at the Nuremberg trials, the copy we had didn't have a narrator but for anyone out there wanting to teach the atrocities of the Holocaust I'm providing the links to the other footage they showed at the trials and to the German public after the war. They are awful, NSFW or life in general, and just give you a glimpse of what everyone saw.
NSFW Nazi Concentration Camp This George Stevens Film was used as evidence at the Nuremberg trials.
NSFW Death Mills Billy Wilder's film was technically a propaganda film shown to Germans after the war to remind them of what happened.
Recorded with camstudio (recorded at 5 fps, key frame every frame), and converted with microsoft gif animator.
The gif came out at around ~50MB.
EDIT: Watch out! the camstudio installer comes with bloatware, which can be declined!
What about the Brandistock?
Excellent source by the way, I also found this: Military forks, some of which are three-pronged
For more info on Bernays and the rise of modern marketing and mass manipulation, see: The Century of the Self
Operation Hollywood: How the Pentagon Shapes and Censors the Movies
I always find Curtis' style to be very refreshing. I will admit it is a little tangled at times, more like he's discussing a series of interesting points he's discovered, but it always ties up rather nicely. The Power of Nightmares is a particular favorite of mine, he brings it all together rather well.
I can't provide exact statistics, but excluding Disease and Non-Battle Injuries (DNBI) artillery was the biggest killer; this review of Trench quotes Stephen Bull as asserting that "two thirds of all deaths or injuries on the Western Front" were caused by artillery. Artillery being the biggest killer is mentioned explicitly in the following works that I am aware of:
Corrigan, G. (2004), Mud, Blood and Poppycock, London, Phoenix.
Holmes, R. (2005), Tommy: The British Soldier on the Western Front, London, Harper Perennial.
Middlebrook, M. (1971), The First Day on the Somme, London, Penguin.
And I'm sure it is in many, many more. The importance of artillery was recognised early on by the BEF and came to prominence after the Battle of Neuve Chapelle in March 1915 when Field Marshal French blamed the BEF's poor performance on a shortage of artillery ammunition. This precipitated the Shells Crisis, which was something of a national scandal, and a complete reform of British munitions production under the leadership of David Lloyd George and the newly formed Ministry of Munitions. A good source for more information on this is:
According to G A Dewar in The Great Munition Feat, Britain produced 258,400,000 artillery shells during the war and this gives some idea of the considered importance of artillery. Another more morbid piece of evidence is the number of dead with no known grave - only artillery can obliterate the human body and leave no trace.
I think WWI was a big breaking point for makeup.
Mascara was oddly enough invented about at the same time on both sides of the ocean, the brands Rimmel and Maybelline both got started by inventing mascara. Maybelline mascara was invented in 1913 specifically for the sister of the inventor, called Maybel, after her brother saw her coating her lashes with vaseline and then coal dust. By 1917 it had become popular enough to open a successful mail order business.
Society doesn't go from Victorian morals to the Roaring Twenties with a snap of the fingers, most of the crumbling of the old moral walls was done in the decade before.
Of course, the looks were much more toned down, it was pretty much "no makeup makeup", but a touch of rouge and pressed powder, a little bit of eyebrow pencil (or more homey solutions), a hint of mascara was something a lot of women wore, even if they didn't admit it to the public.
This book from 1910 for example, suggests that for darkening the eyebrows one should avoid chemical dyes and instead use safe alternatives like burnt cork (page 197). Page 117 has a face powder recipe and application guide. Page 170 has a recipe on how to brighten eyes which is essentially a light cream eyeshadow - zinc oxide is a white pigment, and mercury oxide a yellowy orange.
Even if these are labeled as more palatable "cosmetic creams" and safer alternatives to already more accepted hair dye they essentially are makeup. A rose by any other name...
There is a lot of propaganda and such, and they are trying to convince that is that one sniper named Juba that did all the kills when it's probably not true, but otherwise that's still a lot of shot marines.
It's also pretty interesting to see how a plate carrier can save you from a sniper round to the chest.
I'm guessing/hoping archive.org won't remove these over an issue that is entirely unrelated to these lectures, filmed 10-15 years prior to these allegations. I'm seriously shocked by all of this, but this still doesn't change the fact that the lectures are brilliant.
The very same.
You can read a bit of his stuff on Troy at this link. There's several parts that mention the 'suastika', but page 16 is the first proper mention. Page 101 and 2102 talk about the suastika, and describe it as follows:
> [...] as religious symbols of the very greatest importance among the early progenitors of the Aryan races in Bactricia and in the villages of the Oxus, at a time when Germans, Indians, Pelasgians, Celts, Persians, Slavonians, and Iranians still formed one nation and spoke one language.
They go on to talk about all the places Swastika's have been found, and he goes into detail about hindu myths about the symbol.
She is asserting her power over them because she is better than them... at what she does best. She makes cupcakes that my inner 8-year-old would freak out over and takes dream-like, creepy photos at the same time. They need to get over it. Life isn't Harrison Bergeron.
Edit: Harrison Bergeron is a famous short story written by Kurt Vonnegut. In the story, readers see a world where everyone is forced to be equal. Hearing and eyesight is crudely impaired, beauty is covered up, educated thoughts are painfully disrupted, and physically gifted people are literally weighted down. You can read it for free here.
Not in the English Caribbean colonies in the 1640s and 1650s. The distinction then (before racialised slavery was codified) was between "Christians" and "Negroes". Christians, which in Barbados was synonymous with white Europeans, were unenslaveable. Not being Christian, the "Negroes" could be slaves.
There's an episode in Ligon's book (writing about Barbados in 1647-50) that illustrates the distinction very sharply indeed. A black slave asked Ligon if he could be made a Christian; according to Ligon, this is what happened next:
> I came home, spoke to the Master of the Plantation, and told him, that poor Sambo desired much to be a Christian. But his answer was, That the people of that Island were governed by the Laws of England, and by those Laws, we could not make a Christian a Slave. I told him, my request was far different from that, for I desired him to make a Slave a Christian. His answer was, That it was true, there was a great difference in that: But, being once a Christian, he could no more account him a Slave, and so lose the hold they had of them as Slaves, by making them Christians; and by that means should open such a gap, as all the Planters in the Island would curse him. So I was struck mute, and poor Sambo kept out of the Church; as ingenious, as honest, and as good a natured poor soul, as ever wore black, or eat green.
(Edit: if you read the source, make sure you read the previous page too; it's heartbreaking stuff. But the whole book is remarkable. He was acutely observant, and interested in absolutely everything - from architecture to animal husbandry and music, to what people ate and what they did for fun. He also emerges as one of the few genuinely likeable people in the period: an extraordinarily compassionate and humane man.)
My favorite story about the Soviet Union is that in a two year period from november 1917 to november 1919 the New York Times reported that the Soviet leadership was about to be overthrown or actually overthrown no less than 91 times. They reported four times that Lenin and Trotsky were planning to flee the country, and three times they reported that they already had fled. They also reported that Lenin had been thrown in prison three times, that he was considering retiring two times and that he had been killed one time.
Source: A Test of the News - by Charles Merz and Walter Lippmann
You might be interested in The Conet Project, an attempt to catalog as many number stations as possible.
https://archive.org/details/ird059 has a huge list of audio from the project
and This is their official site.
So...according to the The Post Office Guide published in 1851, and written under the sanction of the post-master, they were already using steam ships to go to Australia (and everywhere else) at that time. I am not sure how much faster they were than clippers on the open ocean, though.
Edit: Well, responding to my own comment then about how much faster... Mr. Lettis may have jumped the gun a little, in reference to future plans. Trial runs had been made, but according to the RAHS, the first official mail-carrying steamer arrived in Sydney in 1852, and took 80 days to make the journey from Southampton. Later on, trips were taking a predictable average of 70 days.
The other factor on deliver/reply times is that mail packets only departed for Australia once a month. You could post a letter any time, but it might conceivably sit around for four weeks waiting to depart Southampton. The same was true on the reply-side. Once on the ground though, delivery times were not much slower than they are today.
So using this, the best possible case would be 5 months, worst case 7. However, the Suez Canal opening and improvements to steam engines cut down travel time considerably during the second half of Victoria's reign. The 70 day trip was taking 40 days by the 1885, and ships were departing more regularly.
This info about the schedules is found in any number of newspapers and magazines. I happened to use the July, 1867 issue of The Economist and the 1885 Pugh's Almanac.
This one's free. Some translations are definitely better than others.
EDIT: I have pictures on my desktop of two favorites but don't know how to get them linked into comments. HELP? yes.. IAMA 50 yr. old noob
Here is an alternative link If you dont have QuickTime installed and cant view the video
Here's also google drive mirror(30fps) if it loads too slow
P.S apologies for terrible edit. I was limmited to where I could cut the video because of the keyframes
00:00 - Bahrain: Hamilton vs Rosberg
06:49 - Canada: Final laps
11:16 - Britain: Vettel vs Alonso
18:15 - Germany: 3 way battles and Alonso vs Ricciardo
25:14 - Hungary: Perez/Vettel spin, Hamilton on Vergne and Ricciardo on Hamilton, Alonso
31:00 - Belgium: Magnussen vs Vettel, Alonso and Button
36:50 - Italy: Ricciardo on Button and Perez battle, Ricciardo on Vettel
44:43 - Singapore: Vergne has gone mad!
45:27 - Japan: Ricciardo on Willies and Hamilton on Rosberg
50:35 - USA: Ricciardo on Alonso, him on Button and Hamilton on Rosberg
>I've always felt that in a couple of more years Oscar will be just as important as Neymar if not more
Funny you mention this because 2 years ago, I feel that Oscar was the more important cog in the Brasil team. Back when he was wearing number 10, he was often the best performer of the team, despite Neymar commanding all the attention (which is understandable I guess). Things have changed a bit recently, and I believe some of the blame has to be put on the fact that Oscar has played basically year-round since 2012. The fact that he can still run around and cover every blade of grass every game is astounding to me.
Chelsea fans are funny with Oscar. He is a bit of a scapegoat at times, and is someone that people are quick to point out if he's not performing well. But then when he does something amazing like that goal yesterday everyone's back on the Oscar train. He's a subtle player, but if you watch closely he's very brilliant. He's just not a flashy playmaker type and doesn't rack up a lot of assists so people get frustrated and underrate him a bit in this age of FIFA type stats. But he's still young and he's a truly great talent, and he is the perfect piece for this Chelsea team (unlike Mata :/).
Here's a great video of Oscar from a cup game earlier this season. Pat Nevin does a great job breaking down the plays he makes his overall contribution.
It cannot be avoided at this point:
Prof. Dennis Meadows has said it's too late for sustainable development. He was one of the author's of Limits to Growth in 1972, and the 40 year update shows we're following closely with the model that shows civilization collapsing in the mid 21st century.
Professor Susan Krumdieck researches transition from oil. She's basically concluded that we're fucked, even if we switched to 100% electric cars. We'd basically have to change our entire infrastructure.
Prof. Tim Garrett has said we'd have to build the equiv. of a nuclear plant each day for decades if we hope to avoid the worst of climate change
All of our environmental problems get worse each year: climate change, pollution, overfishing, resource depletion. We are making no progress in the right direction
There are no signs that transition is happening fast enough, and I believe we're likely to see a decline in everything (GDP, population, food production, etc), starting around mid-century.
The Internet Archive not only do they have thousands of free books, music, and movies, but they also have The Wayback Machine.
The Phrase Finder which has the meanings and origins of thousands of English sayings, phrases, idioms and expressions.
The Online Etymology Dictionary where you can find the origins of thousands of words. For example did you know that "ketchup" came from a Chinese word?
This is getting back to the very start of chemical science. The discovery of oxygen by Priestly and the first quantitative experiments on combustion done by Lavoisier.
Then In 1805, Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Alexander von Humboldt showed that water is formed of two volumes of hydrogen and one volume of oxygen.
Then Lewis suggested a theory on how electrons form bonds in molecules. Then Molecular Orbital theory gave a better description.
Further there is a list of organic reactions that can be used to qualitatively determine what elements and functional groups are in organic compounds.
There is a chapter in Vogel Practical Organic Chemistry (THE Organic Chem Bible) called Investigation and Characterization of Organic compounds.
If you want to know more read that. But basically if you don't have access to spectroscopy there is a flowchart of qualitative reactions and physical tests that you can do to determine characteristics, elemental content and functional groups.
But NMR, X-ray diffraction and mass spectroscopy are the only ways of characterizing the really big molecules.
>did dictionaries and/or thesauri exist in Shakespeare's time and place?
No. The first English dictionary was <em>A Dictionary of the English Language</em> (aka: Johnson's Dictionary). It was published in April of 1755, 139 years after Shakespeare died. Roget's Thesaurus, completed in 1852, was the first of its kind in English.
>Do we have any idea what his literary inspirations might have been?
Yes. All but one of Shakespeare's plays have some sort of literary or historical precedent. A Midsummer Night's Dream is the only story that is truly unique to Shakespeare. Love's Labour's Lost, The Merry Wives of Windsor, and The Tempest are also possibilities, but their status is in dispute (possible sources that no longer exist). He was great at language, timing, humor, introspection, and empathy. He went elsewhere to find a good plot.
Here are some of Shakespeare's probable sources. This is not intended to be a complete list:
The Bible: There are many instances scattered throughout Shakespeare, but the English History Plays are particularly heavy with scriptural references.
Plutarch: Antony and Cleopatra, Coriolanus, Julius Caesar, Timon of Athens
Ovid: Titus Andronicus
Plautus: The Comedy of Errors
Saxo Grammaticus: Hamlet
Ariosto: Much Ado About Nothing
Raphael Holinshed: King Lear, Macbeth, Cymbeline, all of the English History Plays
Jorge de Montemayor: The Two Gentlemen of Verona
Giovanni Boccaccio: All's Well That Ends Well
Giovanni Fiorentino: The Merchant of Venice
Chaucer: Troilus and Cressida
Arthur Brooke: Romeo & Juliet
George Whetstone: Measure for Measure
Thomas Lodge: As You Like It
Robert Greene: The Winter's Tale
Hell yeah, MacAddict was great! You can still download the CD contents from the Internet Archive, although you won’t be able to run the programs without a Classic Mac OS emulator.
I know that it's the most common answer, but it really is one of the best versions ever of these songs. Barton Hall '77. These 26 minutes are absolutely perfect and blew my mind the first time I've heard them. The show deserves the reputation it has.
There was an interview or a podcast that I listened to a while back, and naturally I can't seem to find it – but anyway a communist/anarchist (I forget which) guy from North America went down on a field trip to investigate the worker self-management movement in South America (Argentina, I think.) Edit: /u/takepossession found it here and is now my new hero. Congratulations – your cetificate is in the post.
He said that they are very much based in what could be called praxis if you dig the term, or the actual process of making things happen with a direct democratic approach and with respect for dissensus.
The guy was interesting, but so very decandent and unaware of it. I remember he mentioned that when he asked the workers about how they navigate through people identifying with different philosophies of anarchism/communism they just laughed at him for the question being so irrelevant.
I think the TL;DR of is it that doing things is more important than ensuring that everyone is toeing the party line.
I've seen things tried to get taken down from Archive -- Notably, things like Tryad's Public Domain album, which was mostly sampled audio. AS for Wayback, yeah, saddeningly, that happens and there's some other reasons things get left out of the Wayback archive (notably, older versions of the crawler couldn't handle certain file download redirects).
On the other hand, Archive.org is actively doing things that go against copyright, e.g. the Online Arcade, where they're basically hosting a copy of the whole MAME set with JSMESS to run it. Seriously, All of the current MAME 0.151 Romset is there for the taking.
Tumblr could argue that the site assets are theirs, however the archive itself falls under Fair Use -- It's a historical archive of a site which was taken down for future study. If one copy gets taken down, someone will re-upload it to the Archive.
You should read this book or watch the documentary Inside Job
The book gets a little boring but it's relatively short and explains everything quite well.
The doc gives a worldly view to the entire crisis.
Be warned to those who dare go down the roo.
If you see me you should know...
I am the sharktopus. I am the conductor. I am the time lord. I follow only the Aroo. I am the madman. I am the might maker. I am the rooer. I am the path changer. I am the guardian. I am the ghost. I am an orangered. I am a warrior. I am the protector. I am the destroyer. I am a spectator.I am a trapper. I am the pokekai. I am a blackhole sharktopus. I am a boop in a bucket. I am the writer. I am the logger. I am an explorer. I was the Inventory holder. I am the teacher. I am the fooler. Mayhem follows me. I am the spy who takes your stuff but shakes your hand the day after. I am the Ominous one. I was the puzzler in disguise whose puzzles still havnt been broken deep in the roo. You will think you lost me but I will be right behind you. You will believe in me and I shall crush those beliefs. All of those statements are true somewhere down the line... I pitty the fool who has to deal with me this whole roo.
There's an interesting documentary titled "Finding Shakespeare" which is narrated by Lenny Henry. In it he talks to a DJ who runs Shakespeare workshops, and one of the things the DJ does is to take lines from Shakespeare and lines from rap songs and ask people to say which is which. Nobody can get them all right, not even Shakespeare scholars. (That segment starts at 20:59)
"Fair is foul and foul is fair"
"As we engage in battle"
"There's daggers in men's smiles"
"Who inflicted this bitter sickness"
"Hear my soul speak"
"Maybe it's hatred I spew, maybe it's food for the Spirit"
"Sleep is the cousin of death"
The UN also parrots this false statistic about the effects of domestic violence on women: "Among women aged between 15 and 44, acts of violence cause more death and disability than cancer, malaria, traffic accidents and war combined." This, as well as the slightly more believable variant of the statistic that concerns only morbidity, has been convincingly disproved in a BBC radio program that you can listen to here.
This webpage tracks the original source of the claim to a 1994 World Bank report, which shows higher morbidity under the category of "rape and domestic violence" than for any one of the categories "all cancers", "motor vehicle accidents", "war", and "malaria", but not for all of them combined.
Neo-cons like Dick Cheney are some of the biggest threats to global stability. Unlike most fringe radical and extremist groups, the amount of power these people wield in the world's stage is just frightening.
Adam Curtis made a documentary about their escapades, both during the Reagan era, titled, "The Power of Nightmares", always worth a watch if you're interested in learning more about them and what happens behind the scenes.
They made a complete mess of things during the Reagan era, and then yet again under Bush.
Both initial quotes are laughable. Winston Churchill was referring to a war in which they tried to stop a country that invaded its neighbors and ethnically cleansed a minority. Einstein called conservative Zionists terrorists, comparing them directly Nazi's (about whom Churchill was speaking).
Wiki link in a comment below. Basically they're shortwave stations that broadcast a machine reading numbers. The shortwave means that they can be picked up across the globe, so they're used/were used to communicate with spies in other countries. The spies would have a "one-time pad" that decodes the numbers into instructions.
Here's some recordings of them.
They're definitely real and creepy.
The Conet Project is a collection of recorded number stations. You can listen to the whole four-disc collection here, that is if you don't mind having trouble sleeping tonight.
Edit: Well, they're not outright creepy/scary that they're going to make you stay with a nightlight on in the evening, but there's something a bit unnerving with those misleading cheerful tunes and the cold, monotonous voices reciting numbers over and over again
The internet archive released 2,400+ MSDOS games that you can play in your browser.
Hollywood uses a lot of the same techniques against Arabs, some of it may be slicker and more subtle, but other times it's equally oafish and hyperbolic.
It's a good point, but it doesn't mean that the other ones aren't available.
You can see general conference reports extending back to about 1897 on this here site
Many of the General Conference sermons during the pioneer era are available through the Journal of Discourses, available at www.journalofdiscourses.com
And most such info during Joseph Smith's time can be found in the Joseph Smith Papers: http://josephsmithpapers.org/the-papers
My favorite example of an evolutionary algorithm is the Evolved Virtual Creatures video that goes along with Karl Sim's 1994 paper. I get goose bumps seeing how much some of those virtual creatures resemble real animals.
My boss let me borrow the copy of Turkish Star Wars I got him for Christmas and I had no idea what was going on. The description on the box when I got it was "It's like being drunk without drinking a drop."
Full video of the toon here, and also my other favourite Opera themed Bugs Bunny/Elmer Fudd cartoon - What's Opera, Doc?
Edit: the link to the Rabbit of Seville may not work for mobile users, so here is a mirrored link that should work.
Also, why would they need new ones, these cartoons still exist. Some channels still play them, though I must admit it saddens me that some of them have been censored.
Snapdragon was included in the American Girls Handy Book originally published in 1887 as a Halloween game called "The Ghostly Fire" (pg 197)
"The Ghostly Fire should not be lit unless all of the party have strong nerves, for the light it produces is rather unearthly, and may affect some members unpleasantly. We, at our Halloween parties, never omitted this rite, however, its very weirdness proving its strongest attraction. Salt and alcohol were put in a dish, with a few raisins, and set on fire. As soon as the flame leaped up we clasped hands and gayly danced around the table, upon which burned our mystic fire. The laughing eyes and lips looked in strange contrast to the pale faces of their owners, from which the greenish light had taken every vestige of color. The dance was not prolonged, for it was our duty, before the fire was spent, to snatch from the flames the raisins we had put in the dish. This can be done, if one is careful, without as much as scorching the fingers, and I never knew of anyone burning themselves while making the attempt. "
Her testimony from the second trial is referenced in Adnan's appellate brief, but...
there's no mention in the brief of her testifying that she saw Adnan at 2:45. That should be front and center in his brief, right? Did she change her testimony? Did CG forget to bring this up?
Sure, no problem. If you follow this link to the Internet Archive, you will find all three of my books are available for free in multiple formats.
Oh, and thank you very much for the "gold."
In addition to the CIA protection, the DoD was running a data mining operation called ABLE DANGER which ID’d at least 4 of the hijackers in 2000...but the DoD forbid the release of info to the FBI...
cbs/cnn evening news report on ABLE DANGER August 9, 2005 (11 minutes): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ME0iKZdoYXs
btw: I did just find an archived version of the Looming Tower
The government has had policy going back decades that treats right-wing terrorists with the kid gloves. I read about this in the Congressional investigation of the COINTELPRO program which targeted both right and left-wing terrorist groups.
>"The White Hate COINTELPRO also used comparatively few techniques which carried a risk of serious physical, emotional, or economic damage to the targets, while the Black Nationalist COINTELPRO used such techniques extensively. The New Left COINTELPRO, on the other hand, had the highest proportion of proporals aimed at preventing the exercise of free speech. Like the progression in targeting, the use of dangerous, degrading, or blatantly unconstitutional techniques also appears to have become less restrained with each subsequent program."
>"The programs also differ to some extent. The White Hate program, for example, was very precisely targeted; each of the other programs spread to a number of groups that do not appear to fall within any clear parameters."
>"The White Hate COINTELPRO appears to have been limited, with few exceptions, to the original named targets (26 white hate groups including the KKK and American Nazi Party). No "legitimate" right-wing organizations were drawn into the program, in contrast with the earlier spread of the CPUSA (Communist Party) and SWP (Socialist Workers Party) programs to non-members."
Pretty good text. I read a good chunk of it when I was researching my Thomas Jefferson ale.
Some interesting bits for me were that they would sparge up to four times, but they didn't call it that and the first runnings would be boiled for up to 3 hours.
Also, they believed that hops would be wasted if they were not boiled for at least an hour.
Also, this is the 1804 printing. There is an older one on archive.org that was scanned from the new York public library and the library checkout stamp on the front cover has John Adams handwritten name from when he checked it out, which I think is really cool. I'll see if I can find it.
Edit: I was slightly mistaken. The John Adams copy is from the Boston Public library and it was actually a copy he owned. His name is signed on the title page: https://archive.org/stream/theorypracticeof00comb#page/n5/mode/2up
Here's a Goggle search of the shadows.
Also, this is a book by John Hersey called, 'Hiroshima'. It's about 6 survivors and what they saw. Well worth a read.
It's a situation virtually right out of Cory Doctorow's "Futuristic Tales of the Here and Now" comic. Which, if you've not read yet, is virtually required cyberpunk reading (and, it's licensing allows you to do so freely).
Also, read "Down and Out in the Magic Kingdom". Again, Cory allows it to be read freely.
True Sufism is adherence to the Qur'an and the Sunnah (Prophetic tradition), not playing music, dancing, and singing, as Sufism is often portrayed in the media. The ultimate aim of the Sufi is to achieve the state of ihsan - that you worship God as if you see Him.
Shaykh Ahmad as-Sirhindi wrote that Sufism comes only after learning the correct beliefs, the laws of Islam, what is halal and haram, etc. It is not a separate path.
For more on the topic, see <em>The Inseparability Of Sharia & Tariqa</em> by Shaykh Muhammad Zakariyah
While Congress recognized Haiti's (and Liberia's) independence in February 1862 , Lincoln had proposed the change in policy in December 1861 well before French intentions in Mexico were clear. The diplomatic recognition of Haiti was a long standing American abolitionist goal after French recognized Haiti's independence in 1825. The change in policy also predated the conception and execution of the failed scheme for voluntary emigration of blacks to Île-à-Vache (a Haitian island).
Sources: James Oakes Freedom National: The Destruction of Slavery in the United States, 1861-1865 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_intervention_in_Mexico#1862:_Arrival_of_the_French The Struggle for the Recognition of Haiti and Liberia as Independent Republics https://archive.org/stream/jstor-2713395/2713395_djvu.txt
I personally like 1970-09-19, although the 77-05-08 has my favorite renditions of both Jack Straw and Brown Eyed-Women.
The 1970 show sounded like everyone was on speed, the setlist gets cut short (hilariously), but what they do play is super fast and energetic. Pigpen kills it, and the Not Fade Away jam is fucking incredible. Those two minutes when they come back into Not Fade Away after jamming are my favorite of all the shows I've heard.
My favorite frugal historical figure is Lydia Maria Child, who wrote the best-titled household hints book in the history of time: The American Frugal Housewife: dedicated to those who are not ashamed of economy. Every book should be dedicated thus. She opens the book by firmly telling you all members of the household should either be earning or saving money, even the children, who should be doing some sort of household work instead of "wearing out their clothes in useless play." DAMN RIGHT.
She also wrote the Thanksgiving song "Over the River and Through the Woods" lest you think she was totally grim. Pretty cool lady.
Which in turn references like the 1985 Bears' "Super Bowl Shuffle" or, that all star of the regrettably short lived genre of football team ensemble rap songs, the 1986 Rams' "Let's Ram It."
>You asked for more digital purchasing options and we’re answering. Starting this month, we’re giving you more ways than ever to get the content you want most on Xbox 360 and Xbox One. I’m excited to share that soon you will be able to purchase digital download codes for select games and add-ons at participating retailers in the U.S. and UK. This is an additional option to the gift cards already available at retail. Of course, you will still be able to purchase game add-ons and digital games from anywhere via Xbox.com or on your console via the Xbox Games Store. Max Xbox One Card
>We’re kicking this off with digital download codes for select map and expansion packs for franchises like Halo and Forza, as well as fan favorite digital games including Max: Curse of Brotherhood and State of Decay. We look forward to adding more digital codes in the future from other publishers and in more countries in the coming months.
>After you purchase the code at a participating retailer, it’s easy to redeem the code on your Xbox One or Xbox 360 console or via Xbox.com. For step-by-step instructions on redeeming a prepaid code, visit Xbox Support.
BTW you could always use https://archive.org/. Viewing blocked pages is not its primary purpose but it works, plus you're doing some good by saving those pages for posterity...
It's based on H.P. Lovercraft's story <em>The Dunwich Horror</em>, as Felix Mordou points out.
The copyright on the work has expired, so you can feast your eyes on the works of Mr Lovecraft to your horror's content.