It looks like it's a species of mistletoe in the genus Psittacanthus, maybe P. acinarius. The genus was thought to have polycotyledonus seedlings, but the lobes appear to be part of the endocarp. The growths stuck to the metal are seedlings that have germinated.
Except that's all pretty much made up and the current research recommends resistance training for youth populations.
Position statement on youth resistance training: the 2014 International Consensus:
>misinformed concerns that resistance training would be harmful to the developing skeleton have been replaced by reports indicating childhood may be the opportune time to build bone mass and enhance bone structure by participating in weight-bearing physical activities.
Position Statement on Strength Training by Children and Adolescents from the American Academy of Pediatrics:
>Similar to the geriatric population, strength training in youth may stimulate bone mineralization and have a positive effect on bone density.
As well as
>Most injuries occur on home equipment with unsafe behavior and unsupervised settings...Injury rates in settings with strict supervision and proper technique are lower than those that occur in other sports or general recess play at school.
There are lots of factual studies that have been done on Amway and prove its a pyramid scheme. Only 10% of people ever make $1 in profit: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/A-STUDY-ON-DIRECT-SELLING-BUSINESS-%28AMWAY-INDIA-IN-Narayan/c07ffcff91e88aa0fa9ec351b806f28adfb81ecf?p2df
I'm consistently amazed at how the modern fed is fully aware that ambiguity and asymmetric information drives effectiveness of policy, yet they continue to tell us exactly what they're going to do, and then they do it. This has been documented by one of the most important papers on Central Banking, Cukierman and Meltzer (1986):
>A certain degree of ambiguity enables policymakers to stimulate
economic activity when they care most about such stimulation. Ambiguity enables
policymakers to create monetary surprises when stimulation via surprises is most
advantageous to the policymaker. As a result the optimal level of political
ambiguity in the conduct of monetary policy may be larger than the minimum
that is technologically attainable.
I swear, the Fed consistently falling in line with expectations, then reiterating further expectations they eventually fall in line with, almost gives credibility to people who think the Fed only cares about not rocking the boat in markets. When was the last time the Fed did something out of line with expectations? 2008 maybe? I actually can't even remember.
That was not a pleasant googling
Republicans ideologically value authority, hierarchy and loyalty more then Democrats, who value independent thinking and dissent more. This translates into Republicans being a party that’s organized more from the top down.
See Haidt’s Moral Foundations Theory for more on this.
Unfortunately this boy did pass away:( it happened very quickly, over 17 months, so I can't even begin to imagine how this broke the family let alone what he went through.
Source: An Extreme Case of Cherubism
By chance a large oil filled transformer nearby? They appear to be heavy test tubes fortransformer oil testing.
IMO, everyone who has even a passing interest in the "science" behind NFL drafting should read this paper in full: The Loser's Curse: Overconfidence vs. Market Efficiency in the National Football League Draft
FWIW, Richard Thaler, one of the co-authors of the study, recently won the Nobel Prize in Economics. It's also worth noting that nobody in the NFL has seemingly made use of conclusions presented in this research. The Rams have, quite interestingly, decided that 1st round picks are for losers over roughly the past decade and have fielded competitive teams while also having an above average number of draft picks, but even that is still far from what this paper suggests is the most optimal drafting strategy.
That smell is caused by the UV irradiation of keratin and cysteine
> said like 1/3 - 1/2 of all suicides have multiple gun shot wounds
This is not even close to being true. From Wikipedia: Multiple gunshot suicides are rare, but possible. In one study of 138 gunshot suicides, 5 (3.6%) involved two shots to the head, the first of which missed the brain.
Just parking this here to spark conversation.. https://bbc.in/2xhtxA5
Wax prints have a complicated and colonialist history.. they aren’t “African” and Africa is not a monolith..
The Indonesian, Dutch and now Chinese (!) influence on patterns and fabric creation is well documented.
There are many prints from different African nations that are specific and meaningful to the region, but researching and knowing what you’re wearing and where it’s from is important..
The bogolonfini “mud cloths” from Mail for example all have storiesmeanings behind the lines, dots and circles and have been transmuted into a million ready to wear and mass accessible home goods..
Buy wearing any type of “African” wax print you aren’t necessarily culturally appropriating, and there are tons more articles explaining the history of wax prints..
But knowing what you’re wearing and why is how it becomes cultural appreciation and not appropriation.
>over half of all reported dog bites/attacks coming directly from the mouth of a Pit Bull.
Those data are not reliable. The general public has no fucking clue what a pitbull looks like, and will label every muscular-looking dog as a pitbul. As a result pitbull bites are dramatically over-reported. Any number based on reported attacks conflates 10+ breeds, and may therefore very well be an order of magnitude too high, which obviously makes them look worse than they are.
More reliable data does not find much of a difference per breed:
Women can be creeps too, though typically they act as proxy creeps (aka, Pickme) for male agendas and certain defineably twisted beliefs are necessary to play that role. For example, "Rape myth acceptance" is clinically associated with "dark tetrad" personality traits (narcissism, Machiavellianiam, psychopathy and sadism):
Rape myth acceptance is also associated with infidelity tolerance via narcissism and psychopathy. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318093878_Are_infidelity_tolerance_and_rape_myth_acceptance_related_constructs_An_association_moderated_by_psychopathy_and_narcissism
EDIT: for some reason I blanked and thought they'd performed a partial fibulectomy without attempting to reconstruct it. In the paper this figure is from, they keep the periosteum intact so that bone can regrow. See my comment below for more details.
No, it's a great question! The middle third of the fibula can be pretty easily taken out, as the ends of the bone have a different blood supply so there isn't any vascular compromise if you cut the fibular artery to remove the middle third.
You can fully weightbear without your fibula, so the ends are just left as they are without any reconstruction or reattachment!
Here is a photo showing the process of a partial fibulectomy due to a tibial fracture (Figure 1 if it doesn't link directly to it).
Sometimes you need to break the fibula or remove part of it if it remains undamaged but the tibia fractures. This is because the intact fibula changes stress patterns at the site of the fracture as the tibia and fibula end up being different lengths, which can cause malunion or non-union of the fracture.
If you see a fracture in either bone, it's important to check both bones carefully - the tibia and fibula kinda form a ring in your leg, and breaking in one place can sometimes require another fracture too. Think about shattering a Polo; you need two breaks to do it! This is also important in the pelvis, which is more obviously Polo-shaped!
It is not a coloboma. A coloboma presents as a hole in the iris or an irregularly shaped pupil so it can't move around like this.
The video shows something very similar to what is presented in this case study.
The birth order research has been called into question many times over, because it has failed to replicate: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/An-Attempted-Replication-of-the-Relationships-Birth-Michalski-Shackelford/89646773fd902274d2c8f012609602d47f44a347#paper-header
The part that has replicated is firstborns having a greater “Openness to ideas”, sometimes called intellectual curiosity.
One birth order effect I know has replicated: due to differences in the placental environment, firstborns are more likely to be autistic or have autistic-spectrum traits. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24313668/
> When the preferences of economic elites and the stands of organized interest groups are controlled for, the preferences of the average American appear to have only a minuscule, near-zero, statistically non-significant impact upon public policy.
> My results support previous findings that the affluent have substantial influence over policy making while average Americans have little to no influence.
> when Americans with different income levels differ in their policy preferences, actual policy outcomes strongly reflect the preferences of the most affluent but bear virtually no relationship to the preferences of poor or middle-income Americans.
Teenage pregnancy rates in the US are in a very steep decline.
While this is objectively good, the underlying cause seems to be a bit more sinister.
They are just having sex way later than teens just a few years ago. Sex and all kinds of "adult like" behaviors are all dramatically postponed. 17 year olds today are the 15 year olds of just 10 years ago.
See this massive study (n=8M) for more info.
"Tax Foundation" ist eine amerikanische Denkfabrik. Sie wird auf Wikipedia als "unternehmensfreundlich, konservativ und mitte-rechts" beschrieben. Die Organisation ist kritisch gegenüber "Steuererhöhungen und hoher Steuerbelastung".
Ich weiß nicht, ob man sich auf die Zusammenfassung von denen verlassen kann. Bei einer Stichprobe, find ich, dass deren Zusammenfassung nicht ganz mit dem Fazit der Quelle zusammen passt. Also sie lassen da meiner Meinung nach was weg, wass ein anders Bild abzeichnet. (Stichprobe war Quelle 4 und diese PDF und ich habe diese genauen, da ich die ganze Studie online finde konnte und sie viel Länder beleuchtet hat)
Fact source: National Geographic article and the paper they link as their source, Arboreal larder-hoarding in the tropical Indian giant squirrel Ratufa indica
The article notes that the squirrel's coat is "as close to purple as one gets in a mammal," but that some photos may have color settings adjusted to make it appear more vibrant.
I’m surprised the UN would even admit this, given their misandrist tendencies. Murray Strauss found the same exact thing:
> Our results suggest that employers, employees and governments formed common-interest states. Unions became more powerful the closer their countries were to the spread of communism. On the other side of the bargaining table, employers agreed to reduce their gains from capital in favor of wages. The government complemented this common-interest state by spending with the poor. The economic and political elites formed this Cold-War coalition to redistribute income and reduce the likelihood of communist revolutions. The unions took advantage of this special conjuncture to push for higher wages, changing the return of labor vis-à-vis capital in favor of the former.
That seam could be the Taenia Coil, you can see it here. You can also see the segments of intestine in your photo. My Father was a trapper, he used to leave animals out for the dogs to eat and their intestines looked just like this after a couple days in the sun. The only thing that doesn't fit is the lack of a smell. Even if it isn't intestine, from the picture I feel like there's no way that thing doesn't have a bad odor! Haha
Singapore's GDP per capita was lower than other British colonies, such as Jamaica. It only overtook other countries after independence in 1970s.
Almost everything you see in Singapore are built after independence - our education, military, healthcare, infrastructure, utilities, housing.
If you want to credit Singapore's success to colonialism, then colonialism should also take credit for failures or not-so-spectacular former colonies who were under colonial rule even longer than Singapore - Zimbabwe, Libya, Nigeria, Somalia, Afghanistan, India, Philippines, Palestine, Iraq, etc.
They also got "Get Me Off Your Fucking Mailing List" (Mazieres and Kohler, 2005) published.
Big skull belongs to an Ussuriland boar the smaller one is from Sardinia. Both boars were both male and had similar levels of tooth wear so the difference in size can't be attributed to sex or age.
The study in the article only studied 8 transgender college runners.
The study specifically says there is still a lack of data that proves or disproves the belief that transgendered athletes are advantaged. So I am not sure why you are eager to accept a side in this.
I wrote a response to him, as someone who specifically work in Invasive Species monitoring, please don't be shit head and protect invasive species. Few of the insects have been properly naturalized, and play devastating roles as they force their ecosystems to adapt.
Here's my comment for the guy above:
"Yes. You should. It is important to understand that they are very similar niche fillers as Carolina Mantis, but they are not native. They are both highly voracious, more so than the Carolina mantis. Both species also eat the Carolina mantis, giving the already sensitive carnivore a harder time.
These are unnecessary pressures that that do not need. For example, Chinese Mantis populations when uncontrolled causes a large drop in native spider populations. Particularly larger species which would typically be uneffected by smaller Carolina mantis.
Source for that
Another perspective, here , shows the potential value of Chinese Mantis on plant growth, but even they acknowledge that it is unpredictable population to benefit ratio.
Why let an invasive establish and make it self a crucial component? Cause it's cute or well liked? Why not focus on Carolina/Arizona/Native mantis conservation rather than protection/introducing invasives.
Here is how to tell them apart, if you're an East Coaster.
Why do people want to do defend invasive mantis so much? Squish the fuckers.
Some of this has a long long history - evolution works on existing body plans. So you have only one stomach because this was basically a bigger and more specialized part of the tube.
Some of the organs are sort of symmetrical but not separated (you can see that here with a guinea pig liver. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Comparative-Study-of-the-Liver-Anatomy-in-the-Rat%2C-Stan/01274da57b64cebf0882db15f8da1f22373e675b/figure/1)
The heart is also (in humans anyway) also like that - left and right sided but not separate.
This was known in 1978 it's not a new occurrence, Source: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Leprosy-in-a-Chimpanzee%3A-Morphology-of-the-Skin-and-Leininger-Donham/00a9682dc925673fb8e59404a0398a41a4cf01b4
It's selfish, not altruistic.
Men want women more than women want men.
When women *are* with men, they are more generous than men are:
"Over two-thirds of participants reported that their last sexual encounter included giving and/or receiving oral sex. More women (59%) than men (52%) reported giving oral sex to their partner. More men (63%) than women (44%) reported receiving oral sex." https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Was-it-good-for-you-too%3A-An-analysis-of-gender-in-Wood-McKay/271238673bb1701020ae9754deb9a4ee9e389e98?p2df
Original Source: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Gunshot-wound-of-the-fetus-Gun-Erginel/95350babb6a57d33c60aa990a96f3bf0762e2bc2
Edit: Original Internet source, first published in 2011 in Pediatric Surgery International
> I think a many of the complaints about age gaps are just social stigma.
The stigma is there for a reason and imo, it's not always as strong as it seems - case in point, Leo Dicaprio won't date over 25 and it's not unusual to see an older man depicted with a younger women in media. Age gap relationships are really understudied but what we do have is not encouraging - very much the opposite. For example. A lot of research looks at teenagers where we know age gaps are obviously dodgy. I wish we had more research on it. There was a small study in Nigeria which found age gap relationships between 4-10 years were at higher risk of abuse, but interestingly there was less risk of abuse if the gap was 15 years...why wasn't really ascertained, but I think the fact the 15+ year gaps meant the men really were very old probably played a part.
Not to say they'll always be bad but in an age gap relationship, the younger person is inherently going to be in a more vulnerable position which makes the situation more easily exploitable. It's not a death sentence but it is a red flag.
It seems like this is not an uncommon injury if there is too much force applied during activity post operatively.
Two case studies here.
"Aggressive rehabilitation in the early postoperative period is unwise since the proximal tibia is weakened by the oblique osteotomy. Early weight-bearing and unrestricted activity have caused fractures in a few patients. Even late in the postoperative period the osteotomy may adversely influence the biomechanical properties of the proximal tibia."
Also, from the case reports, these patients had been healed and were at least 12 weeks post-op:
"Bony healing of the osteotomy had been demonstrated on plain radiographs at ten and at 12 weeks. After a Fulkerson osteotomy, jogging and activities which impose considerable impact force should be discouraged for at least nine to 12 months."
Sounds like your PT, even if they were very nice, really fucked up. There's no evidence of infection (osteomyelitis) on your radiographs, and the implants are placed at appropriate depths and angles. The revision was likewise done well. There's a reason your therapist freaked out - this is a surgery where you need to be careful with the forces you apply to the leg post surgery, even up to a year out.
This is like how total hip replacements need to be soooo careful post-op, or you WILL break the femur. With a Fulkerson osteotomy, you've deliberately broken the bone and then screwed it back into place during the initial surgery, and that weakens the whole area for a long while afterward.
I'm sorry you've gone through this, I hope everything is healing well!
It is genetics. There is a gene that is more common in black people and certain island people, like samoans etc, but is pretty rare in white and far east asian people. What the gene does is it raises the likelihood of a person responding with violence to certain social negatives. Its why a black ghetto is more violent than a white ghetto, even though of course there's violence in both.
"When faced with social exclusion or ostracism, individuals with the low activity MAOA gene showed higher levels of aggression than individuals with the high activity MAOA gene"
"We examine the effect of the 2R allele of MAOA on a range of antisocial outcomes. The 2R was related to arrest, incarceration, and lifetime antisocial behavior. These associations were only observable for African-American males."
"African-American male carriers of the 2-repeat allele scored significantly higher on an antisocial phenotype index and on measures assessing involvement in violent behaviors over the life course... The effects of the 2-repeat allele could not be examined in Caucasian males because only 0.1% carried it."
I think the interesting part to me is how the mutation creates a triangular hair shape, which leads to the inability of it to be combed: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Picture-of-the-month.-Uncombable-hair-(pili-et-Navarini-Kaufmann/be3b3a7cffb2bcc0af95bbbf0fb4a00206f1e636/figure/4
Which, yes, is a similar process to how shape affects African hair, though African hair has more of an oblong oval shape: http://www2.optics.rochester.edu/workgroups/cml/opt307/spr06/xue/project.htm
That's what I find interesting about the article.
The very layout of the jeep is a danger to passengers and no amount of exterior repainting is going to change that.
There is also no case in the world where loosely-regulated independent for-profit private contractors operating a public utility ever came out to be beneficial to public welfare. It just leads to dangerous behavior on the roads and inefficient competition in pursuit of profit.
Kalesas were an indelible part of our culture too once upon a time but we moved on from it.
We shouldn't let our public transportation system be crippled by an existing system out of nostalgia.
(also if you're going to say that jeeps need to be more fuel efficient then that would mean replacing the body with a lighter material, removing superfluous accents, and replacing the surplus diesel engines that almost all jeeps use. So basically, removing everything that makes it cheap and look like a jeepney in the first place)
> Why is it such a common trend (from what I've seen) for many straight women to be progressive in virtually every other issue, but regressive when it comes to this?
I think you will have to provide stronger evidence than just your personal perception. As a rule, as societies become more egalitarian, traditional mating preferences seem to erode. See this study, for example. You can find a high-level overview here. Excerpt:
> "Then, Zentner and Eagly looked at individuals. Sex differences in what people want in a mate diminish not only when societies become more gender-egalitarian but also when individuals embrace more gender-equal attitudes. Men and women with traditional mindsets prefer partners that suit the old-style exchange of male breadwinning for female fertility and domestic skills. But those preferences have weakened considerably among people who favor gender equality."
Obviously, such a study is not the be-all and end-all of partner preferences, but it still beats personal impressions, which are usually colored by availability bias.
Also, it might be useful to subject your impression to a reality check. There simply aren't that many men who meet those exacting standards, and if women actually insisted on those, the vast majority would be single.
>Democratic" countries are not actually democratic
Research proves this.
Of course this is just the US but I'm sure theres plenty of other studies which have found similar findings for other capitalist countries.
i432 was nuts but it's also a genuinely interesting architecture, and there are a few good papers on it for people curious about old timey architectural experimentation. Eg. Performance Effects of Architectural Complexity in the Intel 432.
pay no attention to the man behind the curtain... turns out the tummy's been running the show the whole time!
gut brain axis study: foster and neufeld
It's the kind of thing that might be more complicated than you think, there's not a lot of room in there, like the gunner and commander are already right up against the wall. It also might get in the way of stuff, just like trying to line your car with a big thick blanket might cause issues.
Still I imagine its more an issue of funding and priorities and they definitely could put in some form of one if they wanted to.
As to how well they work; really pretty well. It's a huge decrease in the amount of spall and the area that it hits. Ideally you want it spaced out away from the main armor, it doesn't work as well if its pressed right against it.
To address some questions from other threads:
Nazi Germany did the first mass privatization of state property in modern history.
The evidence is anecdotal at best, and looking at journal articles it appears to be an incredibly controversial method of treatment, with a couple of 2016 articles providing strong support for abandoning it as a red herring. See, for example, this one: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/106f925856e7ce3d1a8b2279e21b32f59a156fac
There's talk of success with it in a couple of cases in 2018 in Peru, but I can't find reputable sources to verify it.
On partisanship and concentration of power in partisan elites. If this is the article I'm thinking of, it studied how the introduction of term limits in Michigan increased partisan rancor and concentrated power in party elites. I'm on my phone today and can't log in any time soon.
An analysis of the impact of term limits on roll call voting records and party donations. PDF available through the Harvard link. This is the culmination of long-term research that I saw preliminary data on years ago. There's earlier, less ambitious studies cited in the references for additional background. It's an excellent paper, if dense in political science jargon, and well-worth the read.
A 50 state analysis of how the balance of power shifts away from constituents and legislators to outside interests; it's older, more limited in scope, and less rigorous than the Olson and Rogowski study, but addresses the changes in institutional knowledge.
This is a small sampling of the literature; I recommend the Olson and Rogowski article because they give an overview of the scholarship on term limits studies and provide resources useful for further study.
It is useful for determining what plants might be native in your area as simply using climate zones does not determine if a plant is native.
An interesting case about one of these dislodged by a sneeze!
Economically, it's a terrible idea.
Especially in the USA where clubs/teams are owned by wealthy individuals. You're basically subsidising rich peoples hobbies.
You can read this article about why specifically it's not a good idea:
The Economic Impact of Sports Facilities, Teams and Mega-Events.
Nota: o teste de QI é feito de maneira que a media da população seja de 100. Portanto um QI de três dígitos não seria nada de mais, você só é muito provavelmente um pouquinho acima da média.
Entretanto, estamos no Brasil, e somos burros... Nossa media é de 87. Portanto, a expressão QI de três dígitos é válida, segue o jogo!
Google it - Persian cats have much smaller brains due to their head shape, and it causes problems with their mental acuity. The difference between a Persian's skull and an American Short or Longhair is disgusting to see.
Here's a link to a really comprehensive academic paper on the subject: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/The-Relationship-between-Brachycephalic-Head-in-and-Schmidt-Kampschulte/d0a33ec2d8d7789cda4e26751d89db00b854ea9a
Around 32% of people have it and it’s an inheritable trait, if you just have hitchhikers thumb you’re far less weird than people with blue eyes
A much older version, defensive fallback stronghold. Brochs are very unique and interesting
That is absolutely untrue. Touch DNA can survive the wash, and there's no reason to believe it couldn't survive the dryer, especially when you're talking about a lint trap as opposed to the items themselves.
You're focusing on dubious evidence, while completely ignoring Barry's own damning admissions.
People would generally seek out beneficial company so while they might feel comfortable with friends, they might also be friends with people they feel comfortable around who:
don't participate in female sexuality suppression
aren't necessarily sexual competitors by leveraging sex as a commodity
Mostly curiosity and a deep love of pop music. :)
About a year or two ago, I went through a phase where I was obsessed with the structure of pop songs. I read some papers on algorithmically detecting song structure, some of which used self-similarity matrices based on the raw audio data. That's where I got the idea of applying the same technique to the lyrics. I wrote a hacky python script, put it in a drawer, and finally got back to it recently.
(I'm funemployed right now, so I can get away with spending time on silly projects that are interesting but not useful.)
Based on an earlier version of the study, it looks like they included at least 1980-2015, i.e., 3-4 decades of data.
Possibly a Pereskia, with the lumpy structures being fruits. They are actually part of the cactus family. More pictures.
Replication is a good idea and is not p-hacking. In fact you can combine the p values from the two studies. Here is a description of one method. . Also, avoid the all-or-nothing rejection of the null hypothesis. The beginning of this article has a good discussion of this issue.
If you're at all familiar with heat exchangers (radiators, for example), it's the same principle.
Birds use what's called counter-current exchange, which keeps the differential (between low oxygen and high oxygen flows) as big as possible, forcing more oxygen towards the low oxygen side. You can actually end up with a higher concentration in the "low" stream (blood) than you started with the the "high" stream (breath) (sounds crazy but here's an example graph, where the colder stream leaving the system is actually hotter than the hot stream entering):
Mammals are just filling up a tank and then waiting for exchange to occur on the surfaces without utilizing flow, either co-current or counter-current, both of which would be more efficient from a transfer perspective.
Possibly an example exhibiting the fi-1 or fi-2 gene as described in The Genes Of Capsicum
Is often sterile or partially sterile. Good luck and thanks for sharing.
That is definitely worth mentioning! I find this incident particularly interesting and I'm intrigued by the possibility that ever since it happened, the CDC and other groups have continued to run experiments on gamers: quietly, invisibly, and harmlessly infecting us with digital viruses!
This ties into another area that interests me and that's ethics, because, is that actually harmless? There is a frequent assumption by researchers, when talking about harvesting this kind of data, that they've somehow sidestepped the usual ethical considerations.
There is an excellent paper on this very topic, if anyone's interested: Virtual Guinea Pigs: Ethical implications of Human Subjects Research in Virtual Worlds
Hey FYI the walls of the vagina contain clitoral tissue also. It's actually a much larger organ than the little nub everyone thinks of
Pointers and recursion fits my biases nicely, so I agree that it is true :-)
I recall one interesting study that had a different litmus test. The test was a simple piece of code with variable assignment and the question at the end was what the values of the various variables were. The key thing was that the semantics of the language were not discussed at all. The people who ended up being good programmers were the ones who came up with some sort of mental model and applied it consistently. It didn't matter if it was the "right" one or how bizarre it was, it just mattered that they had one and used it. The ones who did not have a consistent mental model did not become good programmers.
I just did a quick web-search and, remarkably, was able to find the paper based on my hazy recollection. The title is "Mental models and programming aptitude". Here is a link. I don't know if there has been any follow-up research on this.
I actually did my master's on human nose evolution. There are lots of good answers here but they can be simplified: the fossil evidence for whether a hominin had a nose or not are everted nasal margins. If the edges of the nasal opening are flat against the face, it didn't have a nose; if they curve outward, it did. If you do a google search using that terminology you should find some examples.
Eh...that dam that extincted this species was built in 1981...I assure you that the US was not an eco-friendly paradise back in those days either. The US was only starting to clean up it's rivers more seriously after an amendment to the clean water act in 1977. Our rivers were mostly still full of toxic sludge that that point, so I'm pretty sure plenty of things went extinct here as well.
You also have to remember that in 1981 China was an incredibly impoverished nation with a lot of very malnourished and starving people. In 1980 a whopping 30% of the population of China or 300 million people were basically starving and malnourished (Source). An even higher percentage of this affected kids and stunted the growth of almost half the children in China (Source).
So it's pretty easy for you to sit here in 2020 and talk smack about how the Chinese are totally assholes for going and building this dam in 1981, which then eventually caused this fish to go extinct. But when there were literally 300 million starving people, many of which were children it's pretty clear why the Chinese prioritized building dams and creating new farmland to feed their populace.
Making it sound like the Chinese are inhuman assholes because they prioritized not starving to death over this fish is honestly absurd. They tried to breed them in captivity to save the fish for many years and weren't able to succeed.
> the stuff he says about lobsters is patently laughable.
Please explain in your own thoughts, since "rationalwiki" literally failed to write anything cohesive about that.
> for a man to emulate a lobster is like a woman treating the existence of the praying mantis as a license to eat her husband
Is just ridiculous. The reason he references lobsters at all is because not only do we share a common ancestor with them, but they have a very similar chemical serotonin structure. There have been papers written on this that go nearly 30 years back. Here's one written in 2000.
I'm not saying I support his ideas on lobsters, I am not educated enough in this topic to say one way or another. I just am confused why it's "patently laughable" when you can google the claim and find lots of academic papers on that specific topic.
> "Toxic femininity" is a thing but you dont hear about it as much because society at large lets toxic masculine behavior slide more than it does toxic feminine behavior.
I can assert just the opposite: the fact that toxic feminity is something we never talk about shows in and of itself how much society at large lets toxic feminine behaviour slide more.
And there's ample, well-researched evidence that my analysis is more likely to be the correct one, such as the existence of the aforementioned "women are wonderful effect", or the fact that some abusive behaviours traditionally linked to toxic masculinity are in fact just as prevalent, if not more, among women, but you hardly ever hear of it (and you are in fact likely to be believing the opposite as we speak) because, well... when women do it we let it slide more (see page 692).
Said that fossils of Goliaths have been found in a fossil site of the Miocene.
> When it comes to decisions that permit more deliberative, reasoned decision making, where emotional and social influences on judgment are minimized or can be mitigated, and where there are consultants who can provide
objective information about the costs and benefits of alternative courses of action, adolescents are likely to be just as
capable of mature decision making as adults, at least by the
time they are 16.
> Zwischen dem 16. und dem 25. Lebensjahr scheinen sich politisches Wissen und politisches Interesse kaum mehr zu verändern – weder in die eine noch die andere Richtung.
'In a 2001 study by economist Steven Rosefielde, he calculated that there were 3.4 million premature Russian deaths in Russia from 1990-98, which he blames partly on the (capitalist) "shock therapy" that came with the Washington Consensus.'
No, it only worked once. But it's no longer used, because a careful analysis has found it just doesn't work. The girl it worked on, it turns out already had rabies antibodies when she was admitted to the hospital.
Dogs have evolved through their relationship with humans to the point where they thrive on a starch-rich diet which would not be suitable for other carnivores.
I don’t mean to be rude, but some of the above advice is pretty questionable/incongruent with Trauma Informed Parenting - infact, some of the advice is adversarial, which can actually make challenges much, much worse, especially in the long term.
I would recommend different methods, like Trauma Informed Parenting, Collaborative Problem Solving, and resources like “The Connected Child”, “The Body Keeps the Score”, etc.
Regarding respite care, I would recommend looking at this post which links a study that examines the effects of respite care on foster children (most research focuses on the family rather than the child). In the comments of the post there are a variety of responses from current & former foster youth regarding their experiences with respite.
I’d also recommend crossposting to /r/fosterit, there’s a larger population of folks who have adopted from foster care in that sub (though I’m glad you’ve gotten responses in this one and hope you get more). /r/Ex_Foster and /r/FosterParents might also be subs that could be helpful.
Googled it - NSFW
Crazy thing is, it seems like the guy recovered from that.
While one may tend to think that being short-heighted would be an advantage in modern warfare the trend in reality is opposite. It has been seen that the bigger & taller soldiers are more likely to survive a war compared to shorter soldiers.
Here is a study where it was found that in WW1 the soldiers who survived were 3.3 cm taller than those who died And if such a survey is carried out now I am sure the results would be similar.
From my aging biology degree, I seem to recall that certain varieties of petunia are very suspectable to transposon jumping and so have very distinctive colouration. Ah yes - good photos here: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Stable-two-element-control-of-dTph1-transposition-a-Stuurman-Kuhlemeier/91a480fba1c80770f2ebb6776fc81100041388ca
Studies demonstrate that neurotypical men are actually slightly biased towards women, while women are 2.49x more biased to women than men. [Source]
This means women statistically view men as being closer to insects than other women, less human than monster. The overwhelming majority of women have the genes for this trait, with few being born without them.
The intention behind "Kill All Men", whether women know it or not, is real. They deep down want to kill men in the same way people desire to kill vermin like rats and mosquitoes. Plenty of women have come out and blatantly said they are perfectly serious about this in the media and desire to kill 100%, 90%, or the majority of men.
There is a valid biological function to this extreme female bias, but in our modern world it's just a defect, and the root of gynocentrism. Simulations of the progress of society suggest this will lead to a holocaust if trends continue as they are.
It's hard to say if humanity can be self-aware enough to engineer equality and cooperation as we've had through history before things implode, but one thing is for sure feminism, and it's promotion of the regressive innate hatred of men, is the greatest threat to human progress in recorded history.
Male ≠ man
Female ≠ woman
Science recognizes a difference between sex and gender. There are historical precedents (plenty of societies that presented themselves with three or more distinct genders - some based on sex, that considered intersex people a third gender, but some that didn't and recognized the difference that exists).
Sex does define our internals. Trans women (usually) have a prostate, trans men (usually) have an uterus. No one in the LGBT community denies that. And yes, there is a large correlation between sex and gender, approaching 99%.
But this does not invalidate the difference between sex and gender. They are separate aspects of a human, that manifest in varied ways.
Of note, there is a strong indication of a genetical component to being transgender. In identical twins, when one is trans, there's a 33% (AMAB) or 22.8% (AFAB) chance the other is trans as well. This isn't true for dizygotic twins, where the percentage is around 2.6%, slightly higher than the general population.
Source: Diamond M (2013). "Transsexuality Among Twins: Identity Concordance, Transition, Rearing, and Orientation". International Journal of Transgender Health. 14 (1): 24–38. doi:10.1080/15532739.2013.750222. S2CID 144330783.
And this data looks like it supports the hypothesis that connected networks are important predictors for bicycle ridership (source). We're seeing a nice jump in ridership now that the protected lane on 2nd is actually finished.
The United States never had a majority of workers in unions; the peak was just barely above 35% (see Figure 1 here).
The most recent decline also began in the late 70s, under Carter, not Reagan. Even then, it seems unfair to blame Carter, considering he also saw one of the few rises in union membership at the start of his term; it's really been a steady decline in membership since the 1950s.
50% by what metric? CPU <> DRAM latency has barely improved over the last two decades.
Just heterochromia. Makes each eye a different color, or sometimes multiple colors in one eye. Generally harmless and it can happen in humans too!
EDIT: Here's a really cool rare example of the segmented variety!
> The view that men suppress female sexuality received hardly any support and is flatly contradicted by some findings. Instead, the evidence favors the view that women have worked to stifle each other's sexuality because sex is a limited resource that women use to negotiate with men, and scarcity gives women an advantage.
It's a controversial hypothesis. It's called the "intelligence compensation hypothesis." Here is a paper that supports the idea:
Here is a paper that disputes the idea:
This is outside of my domain of expertise though, so I can't say anything definitive about the weight of the evidence overall.
Googled it and glad I did because I found this
It's pretty amazing how much they're able to reconstruct
> Of course, the fact you "know they are women" actually bolsters my argument. You looked at them, compared them to your internal idea of what a woman is supposed to look like, her various biological markers, et cetera. My point is, this is inherently sexist
Is it sexist when newborn human infants are able to discern male from female people from their faces? Are baby monkeys sexist for also possessing this ability?
the pictures are on here just scroll through the pictures
Our body structure is supported mostly by bone rather than cartilage, and fossil records show that bony fish with fleshy fins with bones in it were naturally selected and became the first amphibians. There are steps in between such as Tiktaalik(or a close relative).
Modern amphibians, synapsids, and sauropsids descended from these ancestral amphibians, and among them the synapsids(to be precise, a member of Cynodontia). Some members of Cynodontia show evidence of hair and possibly mammary glands(which are modified apocrine/sweat glands)(https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Programmed-function-of-the-tammar-mammary-gland%3B-of-Kuruppath/cad0b61b3bad1d71288170ad5e0ce44557cb0003), which makes it very likely that they are the ancestor of modern mammals.
So, in short, we are terrestrial, lung-breathing, hairy, four-limbed fish.
And then there's also recent research saying that father absence really doesn't account for increased adolescent criminality. So no, not really sold that it is absent fathers that cause higher rates of adolescent crime.
I looked that up after reading your comment & there you go, I never knew that.
They set the lines to optimize profit, not to get even money on both sides. This paper is a bit outdated but gives a pretty good reasoning behind bookmakers' prices
Derm checking in. I think you have to decide if it’s the OR that you are in love with or procedural medicine. We do 6 months of Mohs surgery during residency in addition to procedure clinics we have twice a week on a typical rotation. In the last three months, I have been primary or first assist on an O to T flap, Burrows graft, east west flap, and a nail matrix biopsy. See examples below. That’s not to mention the dozen or so elliptical excisions with linear closures. We are not a surgical speciality but we do work with our hands a good amount. I personally love that it’s all local or regional anesthesia, office based, and the vast majority last less than an hour.
I found the full study via a quick good search. Study
I found it an interesting read but I don't have time to go through the whole thing right now... but I do wonder if the study would find similar results if they replaced cyclists with BMW drivers... Or Ford drivers... Or people with those mobile speed limit bumper stickers on their cars.... my totally not backed by research thoughts is that there is alot of dehumanizing which occurs on the roads...and I suspect it's not just our cycling friends who are being considered sub-human by a certain portion of road users.
Everything about echidnas sounds made up.
I see that last graph posted here a lot as a knock on minoxidil, but if you read the actual study the big drop off at the end happens because they discontinue treatment at 96 weeks! Otherwise you would expect the trend to remain above baseline for a while longer.
For the 5 year study, I wonder how much of that is skewed because all the poor responders dropped out. Still, it's overall a pretty encouraging look at the data. As someone who unfortunately had side effects from finasteride I would be fucking thrilled if I stayed above baseline for 15 years or so using just minoxidil. Add microneedling and you could possibly stretch that even further.
The results of that study were far from what you're concluding and no where near as conclusive as you are suggesting. The results certainly did not show that vegans and vegetarians do "much" better. The study showed that there were small, at most modest increase in the meta eating diet.
The study also didn't dispute what I am saying and also had problems with the meat eatign populaiton being generally less healthy than the vegetarian one.
>Subjects who consumed more red meat tended to be married, more likely to be of non-Hispanic white ethnicity, more likely to be a current smoker, have a higher body mass index, and a higher daily intake of energy, total fat and saturated fat; whereas they tended to have a lower education level, were less physically active and consumed less fruits, vegetables, fiber and vitamin supplements
All of these things separate of meat will cause increased mortality.
Further to that point there are plenty of studies that show there is no increased in total mortality
>Following extensive adjustment for potential confounding factors there was no significant difference in all-cause mortality for vegetarians versus non-vegetarians [HR=1.16 (95% CI 0.93-1.45)]. There was also no significant difference in mortality risk between pesco-vegetarians [HR=0.79 (95% CI 0.59-1.06)] or semi-vegetarians [HR=1.12 (95% CI 0.96-1.31)] versus regular meat eaters. We found no evidence that following a vegetarian diet, semi-vegetarian diet or a pesco-vegetarian diet has an independent protective effect on all-cause mortality
>There was no significant difference in overall (all-cause) mortality between the diet groups
Some burn centers will use NSFW medical steel wool to vigorously scrub all the necrotic flesh away. Debridement is absolutely brutal.